Madagascar 2017

Humanitarian Compendium

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Introduction and Needs

A prolonged humanitarian emergency is affecting the Greater South of Madagascar (known as “Grand Sud”) - inhabited by 1.8 million people. This situation which originated in 2013 has been further compounded by well-below average rainfalls in more recent years, and is considered a direct consequence of the El Nino phenomena.

It is estimated that 900,000 persons in the “Grand Sud” are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. Food insecurity is a major issue in the Grand Sud, and it is foreseen that the situation will deteriorate further during the peak of the lean season (October 2016 to March 2017). In October 2016 the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) survey, identified 300,000 persons in a situation of "Emergency" (IPC Phase 4) and 515,000 persons in a "Crisis situation" (IPC Phase 3). The IPC is a common tool to assess the nature and severity of food insecurity in a select area, this assessment is made in regards to the respective nutrition and livelihood situation of the targeted population.

The current situation in “Grand Sud” have further exacerbated the already dire situation in terms of livelihood opportunities in the region, large parts of the population are pastoralists. This has led to an increase in temporary as well as permanent migration whereas individuals seek livelihood opportunities in neighboring regions. Migration was previous to the current context already prevalent due the cyclical “Kere” (drought) and lack of employment opportunities in “Grand Sud”.

In 2017, IOM Madagascar’s humanitarian response activities will be concentrated to the “Grand Sud” of Madagascar, more specifically the Androy Region. IOM proposes to implement initiatives that will contribute to a more evidence based humanitarian response across sectors of intervention and improve the targeting of vulnerable populations affected by the current crisis. This will be achived by the roll-out of the Organization Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). In addition, the Organization will build the resilience of communities through development- principled programming, and provision of appropriate livelihood support and durable solutions to increase self- reliance of the affected populations.

In October 2014, IOM established its presence in Madagascar with the opening of a permanent Office. IOM is a full member of the UN Country Team, and the Humanitarian Country Team in Madagascar. IOM maintains a close working relationship to the National DRM Authority the Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes (BNGRC). Besides the aforementioned partners, IOM actively seeks to support and leverage the knowledge of civil society, a partnership that will be further extended in 2017.

Note: the projects below are in line with the Humanitarian Strategic Response Plan (October 2016 – May 2017) and Madagascar Flash Appeal 2017 developed by the Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.


In order to bridge the evidence gap on drought-induced migration in Southern Madagascar, IOM deployed an expert mission to Madagascar, and conducted a rapid qualitative assessment in December 2016. The objective of this assessment was to determine the impacts of the  drought and ensuing humanitarian crisis on migration, as well as the multi-sectorial linkages that drought-induced migration  was having on other sectors of concerns such as Food Security, Education, Health, WASH, Protection, and Response Coordination.

Contact Information: Mr Daniel SILVA Y POVEDA, Head of Office, Tel: 00261.325654954
International Staff:  3
National Staff:  8
IOM Offices: Country Office: Madagascar; Presence in Antananarivo and Ambovombe.
Migration Crisis Operational Frameworks
Requested 600,000 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%

  Early Recovery and Livelihoods

  • Improved resilience in migration-affected communities in Androy Region.
    Amount Requested: USD 350,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Most vulnerable households from 25 migration-affected communities have access to livelihoods that supports their resilience and community stabilization. Based on the data collected through the first DTM report, IOM will identify 25 communities most affected by migration and/or most at risk of being affected by migration with consideration of other multi-sectorial needs and service provision gaps highlighted by the DTM report. In each of these communities, IOM will select 10 heads of household, for participation to the resilience-building programme of livelihoods assistance. The nature of assistance will be guided by the imperative to support the household€™s own recovery, and broader community stabilization effort, and will be the result of a collective decision of the community through the community-based dialogues. Livelihoods assistance may include distribution of agricultural inputs and materials (including drought-resistant seeds, crop protectant, etc.), restocking of livestock, and promotion of income generating activities (including targeted skills development and distribution of startup kits). 
    Beneficiaries: 250 household (1,250 individuals for an average of 5 persons per household), and indirect beneficiaries include the populations and authorities in 25 communities most affected by migration in the Androy Region

  Coordination and Common Services

  • Improved humanitarian data collection, displacement monitoring, and information management in Southern Madagascar.
    Amount Requested: USD 250,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    To improved humanitarian data collection, displacement monitoring, and information management with the intent to enable a more effective and evidence-based crisis response in Southern Madagascar. To achieve this IOM will develop DTM tools unique to the local needs and context. In addition to developing the aforesaid tools IOM will roll out a DTM Training and Training of Trainers module targeting BNGRC and local DRM actors, actors who will through the support of IOM contribute to data collection exercises. IOM will produce and publish DTM reports providing information in terms of. Each of the DTM reports will be shared across local and national DRM stakeholders to enable more effective planning across the Androy region
    Beneficiaries: 50 central and local DRM actors
Madagascar Flash Appeal 2017
Requested 2,080,000 | Received: 1,449,969 | Percentage funded: 70%

  Emergency Shelter

  • Population Displacement Sites Coordination and Emergency Shelter Support for Populations affected by Cyclone Enawo
    Amount Requested: USD 2,080,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,449,969.00
    To enable a targeted and timely response to most urgent needs of affected populations by making available regular and quality displacement data to humanitarian stakeholders at the local and central levels on the residual caseload of displaced persons. .To safeguard the well-being, health, security, privacy and dignity women and men, boys and girls displaced by Cyclone Enawo by providing targeted displacement sites coordination and management support To Provide Robust Emergency Shelter Packages to 6000 households to safeguard health, security, privacy and dignity and support resilient recovery.
    Beneficiaries: 6,334 residual caseload of displaced persons ; 6000 households whose houses where damaged or destroyed in SAVA and Analanjirofo Regions