Sudan 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
Percentage Funded:
Introduction and Needs

Sudan faces two major overlapping challenges in terms of crises: one triggered by complex and protracted conflicts leading to wide scale population displacement and disruption of everyday life; and another due to climatic and sociocultural conditions leading to crisis levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. At the  end  of  2018,  the  humanitarian  situation  remains  critical  as  protracted  internal conflicts continue to affect certain regions of Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile. Affected populations continue to suffer due to a lack of or limited access to basic services and disruption of livelihoods especially in the agricultural sector. The conflict in South Sudan has also resulted in thousands of South Sudanese refugees crossing the borders into Darfur and Kordofan seeking protection assistance, and stretching already limited resources within host communities. In Jebel Marra, the conflict involving the government and armed movement (SPLA/AA) has resulted in mass casualties and population displacement of IDPs to safer areas of North, South and Central Darfur. Approximately 45,000 South Sudanese have also sought refuge in the more secure areas of Darfur. The displacement situation in Kordofan differs from that of Darfur, where formal IDP camps and sites are non-existent. Therefore, the affected population (IDPs and South Sudanese refugees) are scattered in different towns, rural areas and regions, some controlled by armed groups. As a result, more than 157,250 newly displaced IDPs and 76,900 South Sudanese refugees are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance across Sudan.

In total, approximately 2.2 million IDPs, 695,000 refugees, 105,000 returnees, and other migrants were in need of humanitarian assistance in 2018. IOM plans to continue working with the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), OCHA, other UN agencies, NGOs and government counterparts such as the Commissioner of Refugees (CoR), Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) to address the need and gaps in basic services and provide life-saving assistance to the most vulnerable IDPs, returnees and refugees in North, South, East, West and Central Darfur; as well as South and West Kordofan and Eastern Sudan (Kassala, Gedaref, and Red sea states) as necessary. Support will include but is not limited to: camp management and displacement tracking, healthcare, water and sanitation, shelter, food security and livelihoods. IOM supports OCHA and other organizations by providing information on population movement and vulnerabilities through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and is an active member of the Information Management Working Group (IMWG). The information collected on these vulnerable communities will be used by many organizations to plan targeted interventions such as diestribution of shelter and non-food items.

In Sudan, malnutrition rates are already above emergency threshold levels and outbreaks of disease are also of particular concern as they place further pressure on an underdeveloped health sector. Furthermore, food insecurity has been exacerbated by environmental degradation and climate change. Therefore, IOM will work with the relevant sector leads to improve access to basic services including water and sanitation, healthcare and seek to provide livelihood opportunities for affected populations to build their resilience. These interventions will target people that have been: 1) newly displaced; 2) living in protracted displacement conditions; 3) forced into secondary displacement, and/or; 4) motivated to migrate irregularly to other countries seeking alternatives. As the co-lead of the Recovery, Return and Reintegration (RRR) Sector, IOM will also provide transition and recovery support for IDPs and returnees to assist them to progress towards durable solutions that include local integration or reintegration in their communities of origin.

Overall, the needs in Sudan are driven by deep rooted causes that are unlikely to be resolved in the next few years such as: political and socio-cultural inequalities, and a struggling economy which continues to hinder socio-economic growth. Therefore, the provision of life-saving initiatives with transition and recovery and development oriented approaches are necessary to continue addressing critical needs and gaps, increasing individual self-reliance and community resilience while bridging the growing funding gap as more Level 3 crises emerge in the MENA region.

Note: the projects below are part of the Sudan Multi-year humanitarian refugee response plan 2017-2019 and the South Sudanese Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2019, which are part of the Sudan Response Plan 2019.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 5,679,333
Contact Information: Focal Point: Catherine Northing, Chief of Mission; Fax: +249 156 554 605; Email:,; IOM Website:; Telephone: +249 156 554 600/1/2; Facebook:; Twitter:
International Staff:  16
National Staff:  159
IOM Offices: Main Office - Khartoum; Field Offices - El Fasher (North Darfur State) Geneina (West Darfur State), Nyala (South Darfur State), El Fula (West Kordofan State), Kadugli (South Kordofan State), Abyei; Migrant Resource Centres: Khartoum, Gedarif.
Sudan Response Plan 2019
Requested 25,824,008 | Received: 1,946,547 | Percentage funded: 8%

  Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items

  • Promoting Early Recovery through the Provision of Transitional/Permanent Shelters for Vulnerable IDPs and Returnees in Darfur
    Amount Requested: USD 3,200,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Providing sector approved permanent transitional shelters for IDPs and Returnees using cost-effective and environmentally friendly materials/techniques. Output 1: Shelter surveys and needs assessments will be conducted to provide a better analysis of the needs of individuals and households. Output 2: Trainings will be conducted targeting beneficiaries as well as coordination with local authorities, community leaders and communities to formulate proper actions. Output 3: Transitional Shelters will be provided to the most vulnerable communities. IOM will provide 2,000 transitional shelters (1 per household [5 persons] benefiting approximately 10,000 individuals) in locations specified in the project across two sectors: 70% of the shelters will go to the RRR sector and the remaining 30% will go to the emergency shelter and NFI sector. The IOM DTM team has registered returnees in Central, North, South and West Darfur and using this data IOM will select sites with high concentrations of returnees for the project locations. In Central Darfur IOM has registered 44,072 returnee households in four localities, in North Darfur 5,638 in four localities, in West Darfur 1,861 in four localities, and South Darfur 7,521 in three localities, totalling 59,092 returnee households registered in 15 localities in Darfur. It is estimated 60% of these are in need of shelter. IOM will conduct site assessments to target the most vulnerable households in each region. IOM will follow this by conducting shelter surveys. These surveys will be collect information from the community and be used to inform shelter design to ensure that the shelters will be acceptable and appropriate for each locality. IOM will expand the provision of shelter assistance and skills-building training packages including training on local construction techniques and provide durable shelters for vulnerable IDPs and returnees. The skills training for the construction of shelters will focus on durable construction techniques and environmental awareness to reduce disaster risks. The provision of environmentally friendly locally produced shelters will both provide beneficiaries with protection from the elements while enhancing the skills of the community and enabling the beneficiaries trained in construction techniques to assist others in constructing shelters and possibly generate a household income. IOM will coordinate with the emergency shelter and NFI sector and with both national and international NGOs working on the ground by having meetings and sharing information about activities occurring in each location to avoid duplication.
    Beneficiaries: 10,000 individuals (3,000 individuals for Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items and 7,000 for Recovery, Returns and Reintegration)
  • Restoring Basic Human Dignity through Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items Assistance - Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 2,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 100,000.00
    In this project, IOM will ensure that the most vulnerable population affected by conflict and/or natural disaster with specific needs have timely access to emergency shelter and non-food items. IOM's plan is to distribute 3,000 emergency shelters and 9,000 NFI kits to vulnerable populations in all Darfur states as well as South Kordofan and West Kordofan. Surveys and assessment will be conducted to prioritize the most vulnerable individuals and households. Before conducting the assessments, IOM will coordinate with the EFI sector and other partners to avoid duplication of effort. As mentioned in the needs there has been a high number of households registered in these areas who are in need of support and/or interventions, including emergency shelter and NFIs. IOM will also provide training for beneficiaries on proper distribution and construction techniques. IOM will ensure through the distributions that 55% of the selected beneficiary population will be females. IOM will take all the feedback from the beneficiaries following the completion of the post-distribution monitoring mission and collect this information to be used to inform future planning e.g. kit item selection, types of techniques and training provided.
    Beneficiaries: 60,000 individuals

  Health Support

  • Providing life-saving Health Services and Capacity Building of Health Care Workers
    Amount Requested: USD 1,151,015.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    The aim of the project is to respond to the life-saving needs and improve the resilience of affected populations by providing essential life-saving primary health care. This project is in line with Health Sector Objectives: 'Providing primary health services including referral services for the vulnerable population affected by natural and manmade emergencies'. The MBHP includes outpatient treatment of communicable and non-communicable diseases, maternal and child health services, facilitated referrals and health promotion activities to ensure aid reaches people affected by crises such as conflicts, outbreaks of disease and natural disasters. The project will also develop institutional capacities to address public health threats while strengthening preparedness through staff training on topics to improve prevention and response protocols, surveillance systems and close monitoring of disease trends. Finally, it will contribute to the reduction of maternal and child morbidity and mortality among vulnerable populations by focusing on the needs of children under 5 years, including outpatient treatment, immunization services and comprehensive maternal care. The project is in line with Sudan's Multi-Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 1: 'Populations affected by natural or man-made disasters receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of the shock', as well as Outcome 2: 'Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and/or access essential basic services while increasing their self-reliance'.
    Beneficiaries: 52,000 individuals

  Common Services

  • Conducting Profiling Surveys and Site Assessment Exercises for Affected Populations in Darfur and Kordofan - Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 1,187,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    The overall objective of the project is to provide accurate and up to date information on the available services at the major sites of displacement and/or return in the five states of Darfur, South and West Kordofan, with the purpose of improving the provision of humanitarian assistance by identifying the needs and gaps of the residents through profiling and site assessments covering all basic services sector-wise and the production of up to date information that helps in furthering the implementation of humanitarian activities in the context of humanitarian-development nexus. IOM teams (composed of a representative of the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC), INGOs, NNGOs and IOM enumerators), depending on their location and presence in the area, will be trained on information management including data collection, data entry and analysis. Monthly reports will be generated and disseminated to all sector partners and could be used not only for service provision but also as a baseline for all future durable solutions activities such as IDP integration, informing planning and design of longer support on issues of land tenure, available markets and the existence of waste management systems. Also, IOM will share site assessments and profiling data through briefings with relevant sectors, as well as ISCG and IMWG work groups through briefings and statistical reports, after each site assessment. The project is also in line with the Multi-Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 2: 'Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and/or access basic services while increasing their self-reliance'.
    Beneficiaries: humanitarian community
  • Displacement Tracking Matrix: Tracking, Reintegration and Verification of IDPs, Returnees, and Other Affected Populations in Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 2,500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 100,000.00
    The overall objective of the project is to improve the efficacy and accuracy of targeted humanitarian assistance to vulnerable populations (focusing on new and protracted IDPs, returnees and refugees) by providing humanitarian partners with accurate and timely information (number of affected population, vulnerability status, demographic data, place of origin, place of displacement). The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is IOM's primary set of tools used to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. It is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to enable a better understanding of movements and evolving needs of populations on the move, and to provide the information needed by humanitarian partners to adequately address the life-saving and protection needs of mobile populations. Detailed information will be provided on the availability and gaps of basic services within settlements, and will alert relevant responsible parties on where the most acute needs are. Information on population movement will also be provided through the early warning system that will be established through this project. The information will be disseminated through the DTM global website on a quarterly basis and coordinated through IMWG and ISCG. This project contributes to the Multi-Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 1: 'Populations affected by natural or man-made disasters receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of the shock'.
    Beneficiaries: humanitarian community

  Transportation and Logistics

  • Transporting life-saving Relief Items to Affected Populations - Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 300,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Provide logistics services to support the humanitarian community's response to emergency needs of people affected by natural disasters and/or by conflict in 2018 and to fill identified gaps in the emergency logistics and transportation capacity of humanitarian relief items to vulnerable populations, particularly those living in rural areas with limited access to services. This project is related to the Multi-Year Humanitarian Strategy (MYHS) Outcome 1: Populations affected by natural or man-made disaster receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of a shock.
    Beneficiaries: humanitarian community

  Recovery, Returns and Reintegration

  • Progressive resolution to displacement through durable solutions for IDPs in Darfur
    Amount Requested: USD 3,255,993.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    This project will facilitate the implementation of activities aimed at achieving durable solutions for IDPs as identified in IASC's Framework on Durable Solutions for IDPs, along with the lessons learned from the National IDP policy and by following IOM's framework of Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations. The project will specifically focus on progressing towards durable solutions for the protracted caseload of IDPs in the urban camps of Abu Shouk and Al Salam in El Fasher locality, North Darfur and Ardamata in El Geneina, West Darfur. Additionally, it will also cover IDP and refugee returnees in Umm Dukhun, Central Darfur. It will follow a holistic, collaborative and people-centred approach based on the IDP profiling exercises that will identify the beneficiaries, their displacement related needs, and barriers to achieving durable solutions.
    Beneficiaries: 150,000 individuals
  • Promoting the sustainable reintegration of vulnerable returnees in Darfur through durable solutions
    Amount Requested: USD 3,130,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    This project focuses on facilitating durable solutions in the return context, as per the RRR sector strategy. In the context of spontaneous returns of IDPs and Sudanese refugee like returnees returning from Chad and other countries in the region, this project aims to provide immediate humanitarian assistance upon arrival as well as medium to long term assistance to support durable solutions for returnees and resilience for the hosting communities. Beneficiaries will be selected through Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) exercises including return tracking, monitoring and registration. The project is in line with the Multi-Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 2: Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and/or access basic services while increasing their self-reliance and the following RRR sector-specific outputs: Sector Output 2: Returnees are provided with housing (shelter), property and land. Sector Output 3: People in need continue to have sustainable access to basic services at return sites. Sector Output 4: People in need have increased knowledge and skills to improve food security, access to livelihoods and employment opportunities. Sector Output 5: Durable solutions are approached in a well-coordinated manner.
    Beneficiaries: 90,000 individuals

  Refugee Response

  • Providing Comprehensive Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Assistance to Affected Populations in Darfur, Blue Nile, Kordofan States and East Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 5,800,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,567,347.00
    This project aims to provide life-saving WASH assistance to mitigate the suffering of populations affected by natural or man-made disasters and reflects all 3 outcomes of the Multi-Year Humanitarian Response Plan strategy. Under Outcome 1 IOM will provide life-saving assistance to people newly displaced by conflict or natural disasters in an effort to recreate pre-emergency conditions using early recovery approaches to improve the overall access to WASH services, connecting the need for short term emergency interventions with long term solutions and applying development principles by working directly with local communities to facilitate ownership and accountability. The objective is to not only focus on WASH emergency interventions but gradually contribute to socio-economic inclusion of forcibly displaced populations and returnees by directly increasing access to basic services for the displaced and host communities and indirectly increasing employment opportunities. Under Outcome 2 IOM seeks to improve and sustain access to safe water in target communities especially in Blue Nile, Durdeb, Abyei, North Darfur and South Darfur as these communities primarily rely on agriculture and livestock, therefore water is critical to their livelihoods. Under Outcome 3 improving and sustaining access to safe water and sanitation facilities and hygiene messages will address malnutrition related risks and increase community resilience to disease outbreaks. IOM will consider emergency water provision, access to proper sanitation facilities and hygiene campaigns; coupled with the establishment and rehabilitation of water points. This will include environmental impact mitigation such as the provision of solar technology to power water points and monitoring groundwater to moderate depletion levels. Exit strategies will be developed to alleviate aid dependency in protracted emergencies by strengthening self-reliance and facilitating community solutions in a more holistic approach.
    Beneficiaries: 113,788 individuals
  • WASH integrated Assistance to South Sudanese Refugees
    Amount Requested: USD 3,300,000.00 Amount Received: USD 179,200.00
    The objective of this project is to provide life-saving assistance to South Sudanese refugees under the Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP 2019) and Outcome 1: life-saving assistance for new arrivals/vulnerable groups is prioritized to respond to urgent humanitarian and protection needs of anticipated new arrivals. IOM will provide Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) assistance in both settlements and in villages where South Sudanese are being hosted by local communities by increasing access to safe drinking water, constructing adequate quality sanitation facilities and by improving personal and public hygiene practices. The proposed project is in line with IOM's commitment to seek viable prevention and progressive solutions to complex migration and displacement challenges and with the Multi-Year Humanitarian Response Plan Strategic Outcome 1: 'Populations affected by natural or man-made disasters receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of the shock' and Outcome 2: 'Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and/or access basic services while increasing their self-reliance'.
    Beneficiaries: 37,000 individuals