Myanmar 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

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Introduction and Needs

While much of Myanmar’s population continues to benefit from the ongoing process of political and economic reforms, there are close to one million people who remain in need of emergency assistance and protection as a result of ongoing crises in Rakhine, Kachin and Shan. In addition, despite significant progress and investments in disaster risk reduction, millions of people in different parts of Myanmar face the ever-present risk of natural disasters in one of Asia’s most disaster-prone countries. The operating environment has been volatile at best, currently fighting been breaking out between the Arakan Army (AA) and the Myanmar Military in Rakhine State since 8 December 2018 which has led to displacement of people from Buthidaung, Kyauktaw, Ponnagyun and Rathedaung townships, as of 18 January 2019, there some 5,262 displaced according to OCHA internal SiTREP. The fighting is currently continuing from time to time, which has led to tighter controls on access of IOM and other humanitarian actors to areas in Rakhine.

The total budget of IOM Myanmar is USD 65 million, much of which is multi-year funding. IOM Myanmar activities are split between migrant protection, labour migration and human development, migration governance, migration health and emergency preparedness and response. IOM currently has a mixed model, blending direct implementation at the township level, policy advice at the Union level, and fostering bilateral and regional cooperation. IOM Myanmar partners with local CBOs and NGOs in ethnic/border areas. In 2019, in order to promote and keep the momentum of Community Stabilisation going, IOM is looking to build the resilience of vulnerable communities in Northern Rakhine State (NRS) as well as in Central Rakhine through provision of multi-sector, comprehensive community development support. In addition, IOM is focusing on continuing its Community Stabilization programmes through building stronger linkages with its counterpart the Department of Disaster Management (DDM).  Through close consultation with community members in target villages, the programme promotes the engagement of both communities working together helping each other to implement small scale community-led actions that cover the areas of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Livelihood Improvement, Women and Girls Empowerment, and Community Infrastructure Development. IOM is also supporting the communities in Buthidaung, Pauktaw, Myebon, and Kyaukpyu increased access to life saving health care in collaboration with the State and Township Health Departments, local health authorities, local authorities, health cluster partners and communities by tailoring critical interventions which are locally identified as priorities for all populations in these locations.

IOM is a member of the HCT in Myanmar, playing an active role in the overall humanitarian and development response in the country with direct presence or present through its partners to the most of the country. IOM has also been established as CCCM Cluster lead at national and sub-national levels in case of large-scale natural disaster elsewhere in Myanmar outside of the conflict areas. Also, IOM is part of the following coordination mechanisms: Maungdaw Inter-Agency Working Group, National Protection Working Group, Sub-National Sector Protection for Northern Rakhine State (NRS), Myanmar Health Sector Coordinating Committee, Maternal Reproductive Health Working Group (WG), Child Health WG, Malaria WG, Tuberculosis WG, HIV/AIDs WG, GBV WG, UN Gender Team GroupI, and IOM is the co-chair of the DRR Working group headed by the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) in Rakhine. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.


Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 40,000
Contact Information: Akio Nakayama, Chief of Mission,, +95 1 523509, 2305541, +95 9 7323 6679,
International Staff:  12
National Staff:  279
IOM Offices: Country Office - Yangon; Field-Offices - Sittwe, Myawaddy, Mawlamyine, Myitkyina, Hpa-An, Nay Pyi Taw, Myingyan, Kawlin and Hkamti; Migrant Resource Centres (MRCs) - Yangon, Myawaddy, Hpa-An, Kaing Tone, Mawlamyine, Mandalay, Magway, Maikthila, Pathein,: Myingyan, Sittwe, Kyaukse, Hakha, Dawei.
Myanmar Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 4,300,000 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%

  Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition

  • Improving Disaster Management and Resilience Against Natural Disaster to contribute to Community Stabilization through Resilience Building in Rakhine State
    Amount Requested: USD 2,500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    The project aims to prevent vulnerable populations in four central Rakhine Townships–Kyauktaw, Minbya, Pauktaw and Mrauk-Ufrom relying on unsafe migration practices by improving living conditions and livelihood opportunities of migrant-sending communities, both ethnic Rakhine and Muslim. This approach is underpinned by IOM's experience that stand-alone activities to raise awareness of the risks of migrant smuggling and human trafficking are not sufficient. To be effective, action to counter irregular migration from Rakhine state must address the dismal employment and livelihood prospects in central Rakhine state, which will be supported through the community stabilization approach. In parallel, the project will assist the large communities to increase their engagement with one another and enhance their capacity to handle disaster risks and climate changes, both of which will contribute to enhanced community resilience. All of the planned activities will be implemented through a conflict-sensitive approach to avoid any adverse impact of the intervention on existing inter-communal dynamics/relations. Activities to be implemented as follows: 1) up to 30 communities (some 21,000 beneficiaries) involved in Cash for Work (CfW) construction of community market infrastructure, revitalization of market infrastructure; 2) 30 Communities benefit from the establishment of CBDRR Village committee; 3) Community outreach to reduce migration risks and vulnerabilities and increase access to safe migration pathways benefits 40 CSO community facilitators (20 teams), 1,800 persons direct beneficiaries from 60 Non-Muslim Communities / along with 17 Muslim communities or 2,040 persons direct beneficiaries.
    Beneficiaries: 30 communities (approximately 21,000 beneficiaries)
  • Supporting Stabilization in Rakhine through the support of humanitarian support and communal support with the building of resilience to natural disasters
    Amount Requested: USD 1,800,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    The overall project approach will build on a close operational partnership between the Department of Disaster Management (which is under the Ministry of Social Welfare Relief and Resettlement) through IOM's established work in the areas of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) over the last four years. The proposed project will address two critical issues. The first outcome of this proposal aims to improve the livelihood opportunities of the targeted communities and promoting the engagement of both communities working together. The engagement between communities will be enhanced through a common market or improved access to each other's villages for trade and other basic services. The second outcome of the proposed project is to have community disaster management established in the 25 targeted communities, in order to increase the resilience of the affected communities towards future shocks.
    Beneficiaries: 25 communities (17,500 beneficiaries) from Maungdaw and Buthidaung