Madagascar 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

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Introduction and Needs

Due to the location of Madagascar, the country is prone to extreme weather-related natural disasters such as droughts, cyclones, floods and landslides. Madagascar is regularly impacted by cyclones of varying intensity, which can form in the Mozambique Channel as well as to its East in the Indian Ocean, with erratic trajectories, resulting in the whole country being potentially vulnerable to cyclones. The latest information available points to a strong cyclonic season for the period December 2018 to March 2019 around Madagascar. The Southern part of the country has experienced a particularly severe dry spell in the years 2015-2016, and while the situation had improved in 2017, it has deteriorated again through 2018. IOM’s DTM data shows that for the Androy region, forced displacement is nearly as severe as it was through the worst year on record in 2016. In some villages, up to 20 per cent of the inhabitants were forced to migrate temporarily or permanently. According to FAO statistics, more than 1 Million inhabitants live in 13 districts of Southern Madagascar that are classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or 4 (Emergency). These various effects have diminished the capacity for self-recovery and consequently the population remains highly vulnerable to new external shocks. Madagascar also goes through a plague season every year (September-April). This year, and after the particularly severe epidemic outbreak of pulmonary plague in urban areas of late 2017, it is projected that any outbreak would most likely be even more severe and resistant. Potentially, the risk of having urban pneumonic plague outbreak is high and may be catastrophic and difficult to control with an international propagation risk.

In 2019, IOM will prioritize life-saving interventions, including protection services for persons affected and displaced by rapid onset natural disasters, strengthened community resilience and stabilization solutions as well as data collection and analysis for evidence-based decision on drought induced displacement. If the needs of these individuals fail to be met, worsening displacement, loss of livelihoods, and epidemic outbreaks are likely to continue. Beneficiaries of IOM’s response will include populations affected and displaced by rapid onset natural disasters, drought-affected communities, and mobile populations and travellers alongside areas prone to epidemic outbreaks.

IOM’s multi- sectoral assistance will include: Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Displacement Tracking and Community Stabilization, and Population Mobility Mapping and Health Screenings. IOM is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT) and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). IOM is an active partner in the Shelter/CCCM Cluster. IOM also works very closely with the host government, and the National Disaster Risk Management Authority.

Note: IOM will implement interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration/displacement issues and initiate development-principled programming.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 35,000 individuals.
Contact Information: Daniel Silva, Chief of Mission: 00261.325654954,,
International Staff:  3
National Staff:  13
IOM Offices: Main Office: Antananarivo, Sub-Office: Betroka
Madagascar Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 1,230,000 | Received: 100,000 | Percentage funded: 8%

  Camp Management and Displacement Tracking

  • Enhanced protection and capacities of recovery for persons displaced by rapid-onset disasters in Madagascar
    Amount Requested: USD 680,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    IOM aims to reduce the volume and median duration of population displacement in the context of rapid-onset natural disasters such as floods and cyclones in Madagascar, with a particular focus on urban and peri-urban areas. IOM will train and build capacities of frontline DRM stakeholders to enhance preparedness and response capacities to displacement, including through DTM, CCCM, and shelter response.
    Beneficiaries: 20,000 displaced persons
  • Improved internal displacement monitoring, and community stabilization in areas of origin of migrants and in migration-affected communities
    Amount Requested: USD 350,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    IOM aims to improve internal displacement monitoring, and information management for effective and evidence-based targeting of community stabilization initiatives in areas of origin of migrants, and in communities affected by drought-induced migration in Southern Madagascar. IOM will release regular reports on drought-induced mobility to humanitarian and developmental partners active in Southern Madagascar, and will implement targeted community stabilization initiatives in areas of origin of migrants, and in communities affected by migration.
    Beneficiaries: 1,500 affected households

  Health Support

  • Early Plague Response in Madagascar
    Amount Requested: USD 200,000.00 Amount Received: USD 100,000.00
    IOM aims to reduce the risk of an epidemic outbreak spreading to large urban centres, and to prevent international transmission by enhancing capacities to map population mobility alongside key major internal population flow points, and population congregation points, as well as international points of entry to the country, such as ports and airports. IOM will roll out PMM tools and will preposition health screening points, in areas of highest risks of disease transmission in light of documented population mobility patterns.
    Beneficiaries: general population, disaster risk management stakeholders, mobile populations and travellers