Democratic Republic of the Congo 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

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Introduction and Needs

The humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remains acute due to the persistence of armed conflicts involving communities, armed groups and the Congolese national army (FARDC), and socio-economic challenges. However, the calm observed in some areas has led to a decrease of new displacements and an increase in return movements. The humanitarian challenges and its severity remain seriously worrying: in 2018, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance was around 13.1 million, and this figure remains similar for 2019. The majority of the population continues to live in extreme precariousness, making them more vulnerable to multiple shocks caused by internal conflicts, tensions with neighboring countries, natural disasters, and the spread of epidemics such cholera, measles, and Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). A series of EVD epidemics have been declared in Equateur Province in May 2018 and then on 1 August 2018 in the North-Kivu and Ituri provinces.

The humanitarian crisis is also compounded by deepening levels of vulnerability such as malnutrition and food insecurity. People forced into displacement and those returning to their villages face intense levels of vulnerability and are in urgent need of multi-sectoral assistance, particularity in the sectors of protection (Gender Based Violence -GBV), access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), shelter, education, food security and health services. Moreover, between October and November 2018, more than 450,000 Congolese nationals arrived in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) voluntarily or were expelled from the Republic of Angola after the expiration of a notice granted to illegal migrants to leave the country. This massive influx of returnees has resulted in an increase of the population at the border areas which is putting increasing pressure on the weak local basic services and infrastructures.

In 2019, IOM will continue providing life-saving assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the provinces of North-Kivu and Tanganyika while scaling up its operations in new areas, such as Ituri and the Kasais. IOM will also provide necessary tailored protection assistance to the affected populations in the North Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika provinces, including displaced populations, host communities and returnees. In the protection sector, IOM aims to focus its interventions on supporting referral mechanisms for GBV survivors and other protection related needs, child protection, prevention and response to GBV, and monitoring of protection cases in displacement sites and areas of return.

Through Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) activities, IOM continues to ensure equitable access to services and protection for IDPs living in spontaneous displacement sites across the Ituri, Tanganyika and North-Kivu provinces. IOM will also support committees in its displacement sites in the three provinces as well as in communities of return through the implementation of a pilot “out of camp” approach.  In the shelter sector and in order to improve the resilience and capacities of the displaced populations, IOM will provide context-specific shelter kits, technical support and capacity-building trainings on how to best use materials, and how to improve, repair and maintain shelters in emergency contexts as well as in return areas. Conditional cash will be considered for some community targeted households living with host families. In the Information Management sector, IOM will extend the implementation of its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to conflict-affected provinces in order to provide humanitarian actors with systematic and accurate information on displacement patterns, scale and mobility-induced evolving needs and vulnerabilities which will ultimately improve humanitarian response. In regard to the current EVD outbreak in the North-Kivu and Ituri provinces, IOM will continue supporting point of entries surveillance while contributing to the contact tracing efforts to contain the outbreak in close coordination with the ministry of Health, WHO, and other humanitarian actors. Lastly, IOM will provide direct assistance of the Congolese expelled/returned from the Republic of Angola through the provision of emergency transportation from the border areas to the targeted final destinations whilst supporting the reintegration of returnees.

Note: IOM will implement interventions in line with the Democratic Republic of the Congo Humanitarian Response Plan.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 4,361,126 individuals.
Contact Information: Fabien Sambussy, Chief of Mission: +243 826 773 948,,
International Staff:  15
National Staff:  120
IOM Offices: Insert Main Country Office: Kinshasa,Sub-Offices: Goma, Bunia, Kalemie, Lubumbashi, Mbuji-Mayi, Beni, Tshikapa, Other Locations: Butembo, Katwa, Kamako, Bukavu, Tchomia
Democratic Republic of the Congo Humanitarian Response Plan
Requested 11,000,000 | Received: 349,022 | Percentage funded: 3%


  • Protection assistance for affected populations in displacement sites in Eastern DRC
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 183,007.29
    IOM aims to conduct awareness-raising sessions on GBV in its coordinated displacement sites in North Kivu, Tanganyika and Ituri through focus group discussions and mass sensitization campaigns as well as assist survivors of GBV with medical and psychosocial support and livelihood programs. IOM aims to identify children out of school and provide them with formal or informal school support or vocational training, in coordination with the Education cluster. In Ituri, North Kivu and Tanganyika, IOM will identify, in collaboration with relevant Congolese authorities, Unaccompanied and Separated Children (UASC) in displacement sites and reunite them with their families or caregivers, according to the guidelines set out by the Protection cluster. IOM will reinforce the community-based protection networks in displacement sites in Ituri, North Kivu and Tanganyika. These protection networks will be able to identify survivors of GBV and trafficking and refer them to appropriate actors as well as provide psychosocial first aid. IOM will equally contribute to strengthen the capacities on counter-trafficking by identifying available actors and build their capacities, as well as conduct sensitization sessions on counter-trafficking in displacement sites throughout the Eastern DRC.
    Beneficiaries: 100,000 displaced persons

  Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

  • Improve access to WASH facilities in its coordinated displacement sites, host community and return area
    Amount Requested: USD 8,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 166,015.00
    IOM aims at improving access to WASH facilities in displacement sites and host community in North Kivu, Tanganyika, and Ituri through construction and decommissioning of non-operational latrines, and construction of water system networks. IOM intends to continue supporting/establishing WASH committees in its displacement sites. Mass sensitization campaigns on hygiene promotion and good practices; such as hand washing as well as focus groups will be organized on a regular basis in all displacement sites and will be coordinated with other relevant agencies and clusters to create synergies. Hygiene kits will be distributed to all sectoral IDP committees in sites and in host communities.
    Beneficiaries: 80,000 IDPs
Democratic Republic of the Congo Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 38,014,946 | Received: 11,307,478 | Percentage funded: 30%

  Camp Management and Displacement Tracking

  • Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) assistance for conflict-affected populations in displacement sites and host community in Eastern DRC
    Amount Requested: USD 10,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 492,660.56
    To respond to the sectoral needs of the IDPs in the displacement sites, new spontaneous sites and host communities in North-Kivu, Ituri and Tanganyika and in areas of return, IOM with the CCCM Working Group and the National Commission for Refugees (CNR) will ensure: assistance for durable solutions, monitoring arrivals and departures; site planning activities; identifying sectoral gaps; reinforcing capacities of IDP committees, site managers and the CNR, supporting community-based protection mechanisms and site closing activities.
    Beneficiaries: 170,000 IDPs, returnees, host community
  • Contribute to a more efficient and rapid humanitarian response in the Kasai region and Eastern DRC through mobility tracking, flow monitoring, capacity-building in information management and rapid assessments
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 450,000.00
    IOM aims at providing accurate data on displacement in the whole DRC to serve as baseline information for humanitarian actors to plan and deliver informed assistance to the affected population. IOM continues to work in close collaboration with local authorities and community leaders to regularly monitor and track population movements and their mobility in concerned provinces in the DRC. Data collected in the field is analysed, presented in comprehensive reports and shared with the humanitarian community to inform strategic decision-taking at sector and cluster levels.
    Beneficiaries: 126 humanitarian actors

  Transport Assistance for Affected Populations

  • Provide safe and dignified return/relocation to Congolese nationals forcibly returned from Angola
    Amount Requested: USD 9,500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 2,000,000.00
    Provide necessary onward transportation assistance to approximately 100,000 Congolese nationals and their families forcibly returned from Angola to ensure the safe and dignified return or relocation to their targeted final destinations.
    Beneficiaries: 496,000 returnees

  Health Support

  • Contribute to the Ebola outbreak response in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces
    Amount Requested: USD 15,514,946.00 Amount Received: USD 8,364,817.00
    In close coordination with the Ministry of Health, IOM aims at strengthening Point of Entry (PoE)/Point of Control (PoC) in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in terms of human resources and logistic capacities , improving coordination of activities and related information management, enhancing surveillance efforts and access to basic services, as well as investing in preparedness. In line with the Strategic Response Plan 3.
    Beneficiaries: 3,500,000 community members
DRC Humanitarian Response Plan 2017-2019 (2019 Update)
Requested 27,000,000 | Received: 1,243,945 | Percentage funded: 5%

  Shelter and Non-food items

  • Emergency Response to the displacement crises in Eastern DRC through shelter and NFI assistance
    Amount Requested: USD 27,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,243,945.00
    In the provinces of North Kivu, Ituri and Tanganyika, IOM aims to contribute to the shelter cluster efforts, both in emergency displacement situations and in return areas. In order to improve the resilience and capacities of the displaced populations, IOM will provide emergency shelter kits, technical support and capacity-building trainings on how to best use materials, and how to improve, repair and maintain shelters. Conditional cash will be considered for some community-targeted households living with host families.
    Beneficiaries: 15,000 vulnerable IDP households and 4,000 households in return areas and host communities