Somalia 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
Percentage Funded:
Introduction and Needs

Somalia continues to be characterized by poverty, insecurity, political instability and natural hazards. In 2018 humanitarian responses to the drought continued and the situation improved; however, the needs remain high, for as of early December 4.2 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance. This is a higher number than before the crisis started 2 years ago. The 2.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs) remain extremely vulnerable to new shocks, such as droughts, floods or conflicts. In 2018, the Gu rains (April-June) were above average, and when combined with the humanitarian response, this led to an increased food security. Despite these good rains, the current Deyr rain season (October-December) is not as abundant as projected earlier this year, particularly affecting the north-eastern areas. In addition to natural shocks, outbreaks of conflict are likely to continue to impact the needs of the people. The planned elections in the coming months are impacting the security situation and may easily result in an outbreak of conflict. Regional issues remain a threat to the humanitarian situation in Somalia also, and the ongoing conflict in Yemen encourages many Somalis and Ethiopians to return. Most of these returnees are depending on smugglers for their trip to Somalia, and many of them don not survive the hazardous journey. Those that arrive in Somalia are often in need of assistance. In addition to the humanitarian response, IOM increased its focus on durable solutions, resilience, recovery and stabilization to enhance the capacities of the Somali population to cope with any future shocks that may arise. In 2018, IOM increased the cooperation between the short-term humanitarian operations and the long-term focused durable solutions and recovery aimed initiatives.

In 2019, IOM Somalia will work closely with the Federal Government of Somalia, regional authorities, the UN, donor governments and civil society to address migration challenges in Somalia by implementing programmes through three pillars: (1) Preparedness and humanitarian response, (2) Long term recovery and durable solutions, (3) Migration governance and development. IOM will continue to prioritize life-saving interventions to existing needs and ad-hoc responses to new shocks whenever they occur, including Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Health, Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFIs), Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) and Protection and Displacement Tracking Matrix. In addition to this, and increasingly together with the preparedness and response division, IOM will focus on long-term durable solutions targeting IDP and host-communities and equipping them with the capacities to cope with shocks in the future. IOM is one of the leading agencies providing humanitarian assistance to affected populations, and is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT), and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). IOM is an active partner in the Protection, WASH, Health, CCCM, Shelter/NFI and Food Security Clusters, and also co-leads the CCCM Cluster together with UNHCR.

Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan 2019. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.

Contact Information: Yuko Tomita, Programme Support Unit Coordinator:, +254 715 990 600715 990 600;;
International Staff:  46
National Staff:  254
IOM Offices: Main Office: Nairobi Support Office, c/o Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Premises; UN Somalia Ngecha Road Campus, Nairobi; Field Offices: Hargeisa, Bossasso, Garowe, Doolow, Baidoa, Kismayo, Dhobley
Somalia Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 14,000,000 | Received: 8,159,271 | Percentage funded: 58%

  Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition

  • Enhancing Stability and Recovery in Fragile Areas - Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 6,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 5,175,000.00
    Based on an overarching goal, to contribute to peace and stability in Somalia, the specific objectives are as follows: i) Strengthen the government's accountability and responsiveness to the needs of its constituents; ii) Address social exclusion and conflicts over unresolved clan disputes and land as principal drivers of instability; and iii) Support communities to drive their own recovery and development processes. Activities will include: i) Conduct inclusive community planning resulting in Community Action Plans; ii) Implement or refer identified prioritized activities which will increase absorption capacity and provide short term employment opportunities through a cash for work scheme; and iii) Hold cultural, arts and, sports events aimed at strengthening social cohesion.
    Beneficiaries: 100,000 individuals
Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan 2019
Requested 39,176,870 | Received: 8,908,304 | Percentage funded: 23%

  Camp Coordination and Camp Management

  • Informing humanitarian planning and response to the needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Somalia through baseline assessments and population-based surveys
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,113,562.00
    Maintain and strengthen the system of data collection in Somalia through IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to support the coordination of humanitarian activities. The DTM aims to provide reliable and up to date information on the number of displaced populations, their location, profile, displacement trends, reasons for displacement, and needs disaggregated by age and sex to better assist and inform the governmental and humanitarian response. The DTM has the potential to be expanded and/or modified to take into account changes in the national context and need to inform durable solutions.
    Beneficiaries: 1,800,000 individuals
  • Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to men, women, boys and girls in displacement sites in Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 7,558,531.00 Amount Received: USD 1,674,719.00
    Strengthen camp coordination and camp management to improve living conditions and protection of IDPs (men, women, boys and girls) in displacement sites, ensure equitable access to coordinated services and assistance of all persons in need and when appropriate facilitate their access to durable solutions with full participation of all stakeholders.
    Beneficiaries: 853,293 individuals
  • Provision of Cluster Coordination for the Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster
    Amount Requested: USD 909,903.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    To improve the living conditions and protection of IDPs in sites and ensure equitable access to services and assistance of all persons in need, with a clear focus on moving toward attaining durable solutions with full participation of all stakeholders.
    Beneficiaries: 1,800,000 individuals


  • Emergency life-saving primary healthcare for crisis-affected and vulnerable populations including internally displaced persons (IDPs), migrants, and host communities in Somaliland, Puntland, and South-Central Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 8,142,444.00 Amount Received: USD 2,255,207.00
    In the 2019 HRP project for health, IOM will increase access and utilization of primary health-care services among the most vulnerable and crisis-affected populations in the country. IOM will operate 27 static health facilities with integrated community outreach, as well as 4 mobile medical teams; many of the facilities are in areas that are hard-to-reach, remote, conflict-affected and isolated, lack other health actors, and where the population does not have access to basic life-saving health services. IOM will provide comprehensive primary health-care services, continuously build the capacity of health workers to ensure the quality of services, and preposition medicines and medical supplies in regional hubs to ensure continuous supply to all of IOM's health facilities, as well as to the region at large in the event of a sudden emergency. IOM will upgrade health posts to provide basic emergency obstetric and new-born care (BEMONC) services, particularly in regions where there is no other facility for safe deliveries. To mitigate against recurrent and expected shocks and the effects of continued conflict, IOM will conduct mass vaccination at the entry points to IDP sites, thus increasing immunization coverage and reducing outbreaks of communicable diseases. IOM will utilize health education in communities to effect behaviour change in health and hygiene practices that contribute to high excess morbidity and mortality, and to increase demand and utilization of preventative services such as antenatal care, facility delivery, and immunization. IOM will address gaps in mental health care and psychosocial support (MHPSS) through mainstreaming and integration of MHPSS into primary health care, coupled with community-level approaches.
    Beneficiaries: 511,500 individuals (including 309,313 children)


  • Provision of life-saving and equitable curative nutrition services for displaced and crisis-affected populations and their host communities in multiple regions in Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 2,035,188.00 Amount Received: USD 60,000.00
    For the 2019 HRP nutrition project, IOM will contribute to the reduction of emergency levels of acute malnutrition through an integrated approach for management for Severely Acute Malnutrition (SAM) in children under 5 years. Outpatient Therapeutic (OTP) services for SAM will be integrated into all of IOM's static and mobile health facilities across Somalia. In addition to the reduction of SAM cases, the project will improve family and community capacity to promote appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, as well as provide micro-nutrient supplementation and link to immunization services particularly measles vaccination. The project will ensure effective referral mechanisms to and from other nutritional services. The project will target 120,000 children (58,000 girls and 62,000 boys) aged 6-59 months living in IDP settlements and their host communities. A further 20,000 pregnant and lactating mothers will benefit from learning and adopting proper infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices, with continued counselling and follow-up.
    Beneficiaries: 140,000 individuals