Djibouti 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
Percentage Funded:
Introduction and Needs

Djibouti is one of Africa’s smallest countries with a population of 942,000, and has become the epicentre of complex, bi-directional migratory flows across the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Since May 2017, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has tracked no fewer than 150 migrants transiting through Djibouti each day. Migrants cite a myriad of reasons for their movements including limited economic prospects, political instability and environmental degradation in their countries of origin. The migrants, who mostly comprise Ethiopians and Somalis, transit through Djibouti en-route to Yemen, where they make their way overland, with the ultimate objective of arriving in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Middle East. Most of these migrants endure long, overland journeys to arrive in Djibouti, where they have to rely on smugglers to transport them to Yemen. In addition to monetary extortion, imprisonment, hunger, thirst, lack of shelter, physical and sexual abuse, migrants face the perils of crossing the Gulf of Aden in overcrowded and unseaworthy vessels. The bi-directional nature of movement means that Djibouti also receives boat-loads of migrants and refugees from Yemen.

In 2019, IOM will prioritize life-saving interventions, including protection services for the most vulnerable and humanitarian assistance for migrants transiting in the region of Obock.

IOM is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT). IOM is an active partner in the Protection and Health sectors. IOM, UNHCR and National Office of Assistance for Refugees and Disaster Stricken People (ONARS) co-lead the Mixed Migration Task Force (MMTF). The key government agencies supporting migrants in Djibouti are the Ministry of Interior, ONARS, the National Police, the Ministry of Health, the Gendarmerie and Coast Guard.

The project below is part of the Regional Migrant Response Plan for the Horn of Africa and Yemen 2018-2020.


Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 3,500 individuals.
Contact Information: Hyewon Yi. Programme Officer:
International Staff:  5
National Staff:  48
IOM Offices: Main Office: Djibouti City, Other Locations: Migration Response Center in Obock City
Regional Migrant Response Plan for the Horn of Africa and Yemen
Requested 2,910,000 | Received: 1,175,000 | Percentage funded: 40%


  • Assist vulnerable migrants in Yemen and the Horn of Africa
    Amount Requested: USD 2,910,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,175,000.00
    IOM aims to ensure humanitarian and protection assistance to vulnerable migrants in Yemen and the Horn of Africa and to strengthen protection of migrants in the Horn of Africa and Yemen by building the capacities of governments. Migrants in transit to Yemen require life-saving humanitarian assistance in Djibouti, as well as counselling, support and information-sharing to make informed decisions on whether to return or proceed with their journey. This assistance will include medical services, water, shelter and food. Furthermore, migrants in vulnerable situations will be provided with health assistance, psychosocial support and protection referral services as needed. There is a particular concern regarding the large numbers of unaccompanied and separated children, who will require referral to specialized child protection agencies.
    Beneficiaries: 3,500 migrants