Mauritania 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
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Introduction and Needs

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is situated at the crossroads of the African continent, in the Sahel region. Due to its geopolitical position, the country faces multiple security and humanitarian challenges immediately impacting its 4.42 million inhabitants. In recent years, the country is increasingly experiencing the immediate effects of climate change. Shifts in the seasons, changes in average temperature, an increasing frequency of extreme weather events and other climate change events such as droughts and floods, aggravate the difficult existing living conditions in Hodh Ech Chargui region. Difficult access to water represents one of the primary causes of conflict in the region: 42.9% of the rural population do not have access to clean water. This is exacerbating the complementary relationship between herders, farmers, and refugees, and further hampers the economic development of the region. Fifty million people rely on pastoralism as a main part of their livelihood in Sub-Saharan Africa, as reported by the World Bank. The World Food Programme (WFP) estimates that more than 500,000 Mauritanian people are in food crisis and in need of emergency food assistance.

In 2019, IOM Mauritania will focus on shifting the response and moving from assistance to the elimination of needs, which requires substantial and long-term efforts to ensure sustainable livelihoods and the mitigation of tensions between host communities and refugees in line with the National Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Shared Prosperity (SCAPP), the UN framework 2018-2022 and the UNCHR-WFP resilience strategy for the region. In order to achieve this, four overarching outcomes have been defined for the two targeted groups (host communities and refugees); (1) safeguard and increase of livestock; (2) access to drinking water and preservation of the environment through renewable energy; (3) revitalization of farming resources and strengthening of community dialogue; (4) peaceful coexistence.

IOM will intervene within the framework of its mandate and in continuation of previous experiences in Mauritania targeting communities’ needs. Activities specifically benefiting refugees have been designed to complement INGO interventions in the field of livestock assistance. OHCHR will be associated for the mediation component and on human rights and IOM will coordinate its actions on conflict prevention with UNHCR for the inclusions of refugees. The governmental partners will be the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of hydraulics and sanitation, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Breeding through its Direction Nationale de l’Elevage at the national and local level. The ministries will be periodically consulted as in previous phases to ensure complementarity and prevent duplication of efforts. Other international actors will also be consulted through existing coordination mechanisms, such as UN country team meetings, cluster and other small thematic working groups. At the local level, whenever relevant, NGOs will be associated.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 12,000 direct beneficiaries, 35,000 indirect beneficiaries.
Contact Information: Momme Ducros, Project Manager:, +222 42 88 89 44
International Staff:  13
National Staff:  43
IOM Offices: Main Office: Mauritania, Sub-Offices: Bassiknou, Selibaby, Nouadhibou
Mauritania Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 5,835,010 | Received: 1,327,533 | Percentage funded: 23%

  Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition

  • Increasing livelihood opportunities for Malian refugees and selected host communities in Hodh Ech Chargui - Mauritania
    Amount Requested: USD 5,835,010.00 Amount Received: USD 1,327,533.00
    IOM aims to: i) safeguard and increase host communities and refugee's livestock breeding; ii) contribute to access to drinking water and preservation of the environment through renewable energy; iii) revitalize the farming resources of the host communities; iv) strengthen community dialogue and ensure peaceful coexistence.
    Beneficiaries: 6,000 refugees and 6,000 non-refugees will be targeted within the host communities.