Nigeria 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

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Total Funded:
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Introduction and Needs

The conflict in north-east Nigeria, going on for its tenth-year, has exacerbated vulnerabilities and led to human suffering. In 2015, IOM joined the international community to scale up humanitarian response interventions, and since then, IOM has provided humanitarian assistance to more than 780,000 displaced individuals and host communities. Under the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), IOM aims to continue to humanitarian assistance to communities affected by the ongoing conflict, and scale up its recovery and transition interventions, under the following main programmatic areas: Shelter; Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Non-Food Items (NFI), Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) livelihood, Capacity Building, Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS), Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).

Despite successful interventions, a sustained and consistent response remains an imperative given the protracted and emerging needs. With more than 2 million women, children and men displaced in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (IOM DTM report round 25), humanitarian needs are widespread and grave protection concerns exist. In many locations (concentrated mainly in Borno state and northern Adamawa) access to basic services remains limited. Humanitarian needs also peak periodically in various locations as a result of insurgency activities (which leads to sudden displacements), and weather occurrences which worsen already vulnerable situations. In the context of severe humanitarian needs and ongoing hostilities, access constraints continue to limit humanitarian reach to vulnerable populations. Some 800,000 people are estimated to be in hard-to-reach areas, and military operations are contributing to the influx of some of these people (weekly average of 4,500) into accessible areas. Movement patterns remain unpredictable and continue to overwhelm humanitarian capacities: a potential 318,000 new displacements could occur between January-April 2019, due to the ongoing conflict. Additionally, up to 200,000 refugees from neighbouring countries are likely to return as conditions stabilize.

In line with the 2019 HRP for North-East Nigeria, and in accordance with the Government of Nigeria’s priorities, IOM Nigeria’s strategy centers on integrated and coordinated life-saving assistance, enhanced humanitarian access and strengthened protection of civilians, and durable solutions, especially for those returning home. As such, IOM aims to continue to scale up and strengthen its protection, shelter/NFI, CCCM, WASH, as well as establish and maintain humanitarian hubs to facilitate humanitarian presence in hard to reach areas. Additional priorities include introducing cash-based assistance where feasible, enhanced counter-trafficking support, and increased livelihood and early recovery activities. Recognizing the importance of a well-coordinated and multi-sectorial approach, IOM will continue to play a central role in coordination and inter-agency bodies for the northeast crisis. This will allow the Organization to feed into overall humanitarian response strategies and priorities and support a coherent response across the board.  In addition to participating in all relevant sector working groups, IOM currently co-leads two sector working groups, together with relevant branches of the Nigerian Government, namely the Shelter/NFI/CCCM sector working group, and the MHPSS sub-sector working group. IOM also actively participates in the Operational Humanitarian Country Team (OHCT), the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), Operational United Nations Country Team (OUNCT), United Nations Country Team (UNCT), the High-level Task Force on Returns (HLTF), and the Humanitarian Hubs Task Force (HHTF).

Moving forward, IOM will contribute to inter-agency efforts for the achievement of 2019 Nigeria multi-year Humanitarian Response Plan. IOM will continue to support a robust engagement with the Government, as well as the implementation of the humanitarian-development nexus in the northeast, where feasible. It is imperative that critical lifesaving assistance remains, especially in parts of Borno and Adamawa states. However, in more stable pockets, transition/recovery response activities may be successfully undertaken to bridge humanitarian-development divides, and in realization of the new way of working. In line with the aforementioned objectives, IOM is developing its Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) for Nigeria (to be released early this year) with the aim of initiating development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery, in complement to its ongoing humanitarian response.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2,100,000 individuals.
Contact Information: Frantz Celestin, Chief of Mission:
International Staff:  28
National Staff:  861
IOM Offices: Main Office: Abuja, Nigeria, Sub-Offices: Maiduguri, Lagos
Nigeria Humanitarian Response Plan
Requested 66,368,630 | Received: 21,411,599 | Percentage funded: 32%


  • Responding to the urgent health needs of IDPs and host communities in newly accessible areas in north-east Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 2,257,700.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Through this project, IOM will support the provision of health services and provide dedicated coordination capacity to the MHPSS Working Group in north-east Nigeria. The organization will also provide capacity building activities targeting national and international health actors.
    Beneficiaries: 40,950 individuals


  • Protecting and promoting mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of conflict-affected population in north-east Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 2,878,300.00 Amount Received: USD 2,082,938.00
    Through this project IOM will aim to protect and promote the mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of conflict-affected people in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states, This will be achieved by: 1) the direct provision of MHPSS and protection services through mobile IOM MHPSS teams and safe spaces; 2) the implementation of capacity building initiatives targeting national and international protection and MHPSS service providers; and 3) the mainstreaming of MHPSS, Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA), counter-trafficking (CT) and GBV risk mitigation principles across the humanitarian response in the north-east.
    Beneficiaries: 65,400 individuals


  • Maintenance and Establishment of Humanitarian Hubs in North-East Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 5,811,430.00 Amount Received: USD 1,607,368.00
    Under the proposed project, IOM will support the maintenance of seven humanitarian hubs and one humanitarian base camp. IOM will also complete the establishment of the humanitarian hub in Rann, and initiate the establishment of two new humanitarian hubs in deep held locations (as directed by the Humanitarian Hub Task Force). Tented structures in Damasak, Banki and Monguno will also be upgraded to concrete structures, and the capacity of the humanitarian hub in Banki will be increased to 100 beds.
    Beneficiaries: 21,000 individuals

  Early Recovery

  • Facilitating early recovery and livelihoods through access to sustainable income-generating opportunities, rehabilitation of community infrastructures and restoration of governance in north-east Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 4,779,440.00 Amount Received: USD 425,772.00
    This project seeks to contribute to the recovery and resilience-building of conflict-affected populations through a series of community support interventions. As people continue to return to places of origin, there is an urgent and significant need to restore infrastructure, promote early recovery of economic means of livelihood, and facilitate a robust resilience building process. Livelihood programme interventions will include Cash for Work (CFW) and vocational skills training. Vocational skills training will be organized as per labour market assessments to create human capital, as necessary for the early recovery phase, with a special focus on youth. Each targeted beneficiary will also receive business start-up capital to establish small scale businesses. CFW and skilled labour schemes will support activities such as comprehensive neighbourhood upgrades and light community infrastructure rehabilitation. Cash-based interventions are planned for the project, for accessible areas where this modality is feasible. These will aim to empower affected populations, promote peaceful co-existence and benefit local economies.
    Beneficiaries: 109,920 individuals

  Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

  • Improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services targeting the conflict-affected population in north-east Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 9,659,670.00 Amount Received: USD 1,052,290.00
    As part of this activity IOM will: (1) Ensure safe access to safe water facilities and services through the drilling, installation, maintenance and rehabilitation of boreholes; (2) Ensure safe access to sanitation facilities (latrines, showers, handwashing stations) through the operation and maintenance of existing facilities and the construction of additional gender-segregated facilities; (3) Promote improved sanitation outcomes and practices in targeted settings through increased capacity of established community-based committees; (4) Ensure environmental sanitation (solid waste management) in operation area through establishment of a WASH Committee including male and female community members, procurement and distribution of tools and equipment; (5) Distribution of WASH non-food items (NFI); (6) Capacity building and partnership with WASH partners and stakeholders. The IOM WASH project will be implemented in three States of north-east Nigeria; Borno (20 LGAs), Adamawa (6 LGAs) and Yobe State (4 LGAs).
    Beneficiaries: 210,000 individuals

  Displacement Management Systems (DMS)

  • Improving Displacement Management and Camp Management and Coordination in north-east Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 14,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 8,553,508.00
    To ensure improved dignity and quality of life in situations of displacement IOM will aim to implement camp coordination and camp management activities across 127 camp and camp-like settings in the north-east. IOM will also carry out Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities across the north-east to ensure partners have access to population-specific data in a timely manner.
    Beneficiaries: 1,800,000 individuals
  • Provision of shelter and non-food Item (NFI) response in north-east Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 24,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 7,689,723.00
    IOM will under this project distribute and preposition Non-Food Item (NFI) kits to the conflict-affected population in the north-east. Kits will adhere to in-country sector standards and be provided in-kind as well as through vouchers. Additionally, the organisation will provide appropriate shelter solutions, including (1) the prepositioning of emergency shelter kits and emergency shelter in areas where a high influx of new arrivals is expected; (2) Distribution of emergency shelter kits in displacement sites and host communities; (3) Construction of emergency shelters; (4) Provision of care, maintenance or upgrading of existing shelters.
    Beneficiaries: 496,700 individuals

  Protection / Child Protection Sub-Sector

  • Child Protection Response in North-East Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 1,305,400.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    The proposed project aims to strengthen the MHPSS response to the humanitarian crisis that has developed in Nigeria. The MHPSS services will under this project target children, adolescent youth and caregivers. Services will include; lay counselling to provide basic emotional support to distressed children and caregivers, informal education to adolescents and adults, child protection sensitization and case identification, health talks, and recreational activities with a therapeutic aim targeting children and adolescent youth especially. IOM will also provide integrated small-scale livelihood activities to adolescent youth and caregivers to support longer-term outcomes and resilience. Referral teams will be established and be made responsible for conducting preliminary assessments of potential mental health cases and the referral for specialized care. These teams will also support patients in following up their treatment and in the provision of psycho-education to caregivers. In hard-to-reach areas, IOM will continue to support the deployment of psychiatric nurses (from the Federal Neuro Psychiatric Hospital of Maiduguri).
    Beneficiaries: 72,400 individuals

  Protection / GBV Sub-Sector

  • Gender-Based Violence (GBV) prevention and response in north-east Nigeria
    Amount Requested: USD 1,676,690.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    This project aims to strengthen the existing protection and Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) response in north-east Nigeria. To this end, the project will respond to cases of Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in camp and camp-like settings. IOM MHPSS Mobile Teams will provide survivors of GBV with Psychological First Aid (PFA) to attend to acute needs of the individual and support long-term interventions by referring them to specialized services (legal, medical, mental health). IOM will provide survivors of GBV with structured psychosocial counselling, either as a stand-alone service or to complement other specialized services. Moreover, families of GBV survivors will be provided with structured psychosocial counselling and family support sessions.
    Beneficiaries: 50,450 individuals