Indonesia 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
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Introduction and Needs

As the world's largest archipelago, spreading across 17,500 islands, Indonesia sits between the world's most active seismic region - the Pacific Ring of Fire - and the world's second most active region - the Alpine belt. Situated above several tectonic plates, and ringed by a chain of active volcanoes, Indonesia is located in one of the most volatile regions in the world. The eruption of volcanoes and the frequent earthquakes, which sometimes generate tsunamis, also demonstrate Indonesia's fiery foundations. On 28 September 2018, a shallow earthquake struck in the neck of the Minahasa Peninsula, Indonesia, with its epicentre located in the mountainous Donggala Regency, Central Sulawesi. The quake was located 77 km (48 mi) away from the provincial capital Palu and was felt as far away as Samarinda on East Kalimantan and also in Tawau, Malaysia. This event was preceded by a sequence of foreshocks, the largest of which was a magnitude 6.1 tremor that occurred earlier on the same day. The physical geography of Palu creates a disadvantage as the waves were funnelled into the bay without no way out but over-flow inland. Adding to the problem, the tsunami buoys did not function to give warnings to the residents.

Following the mainshock, a tsunami alert was issued for the nearby Makassar Strait, but was called off half an hour later. The Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) confirmed that a tsunami had been triggered, with its height reaching an estimated maximum of 4 to 7 metres (13 to 23 ft), striking the settlements of Palu, Donggala and Mamuju along its path. The combined effects of the earthquake and tsunami led to the deaths of at least 1,763 people, and damaged or destroyed at least 65,733 houses. This is the deadliest earthquake to strike the country since the 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake, as well as the deadliest earthquake worldwide so far in 2018, surpassing the previous earthquake that struck Lombok a few months earlier. The earthquake also caused major soil liquefaction in areas in and around Palu. In two locations this led to mudflows in which many buildings became submerged causing hundreds of deaths with many more missing. The airport of Palu was affected as 20% of the runway was damaged, causing a limitation with the remaining 2000m runway. The airport was closed and only used for humanitarian efforts that were organized by the military and government agencies. The commercial flights were canceled.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM), as lead agency of the Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster (CCCM) in natural disaster situations and also as the co-lead agency for the National Displacement and Protection Cluster, has been working closely with Indonesian Ministry of Social Affairs, National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) and various partners within the national cluster to help the Government of Indonesia on the reinforcement of Internally Displaced Population information management (IM) capacities within the country to better prepare and respond to emergencies.

Note: the projects below are part of the IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.


Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 71,000
Contact Information: Peter Kern, Head of ECS Department:
International Staff:  23
National Staff:  304
IOM Offices: Main Office: Jakarta Field-Offices : Tangerang, Surabaya, Bali, Medan, Tanjung Pinang, Makasar, Palu, Ambon
Palu Emergency Response
Requested 2,755,000 | Received: 2,755,000 | Percentage funded: 100%

  Camp Coordination and Camp Management

  • CCCM Response for Earthquake and Tsunami affected population in Central Sulawesi
    Amount Requested: USD 320,000.00 Amount Received: USD 320,000.00
    A minimum of 71,000 IDPs have their living conditions improved and priority issues flagged and addressed in a timely manner. IDPs in disaster-affected areas are better informed on the availability of, and have greater access to, humanitarian assistance and protection.
    Beneficiaries: 211,906 displaced persons
  • Establishment of Identification, Verification, Registration and Technical Assistance to Out of Camps IDPs
    Amount Requested: USD 300,000.00 Amount Received: USD 300,000.00
    Support the needs of the displaced population residing outside of the tsunami, earthquake and liquefaction affected areas.
    Beneficiaries: 50,000 IDPs