Marshall Islands 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

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Introduction and Needs

The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is a collection of 29 low-lying islands and atolls. Their unique position in the north Pacific exposes them to a series of hazards that multiply the pre-existing vulnerabilities of RMI’s population of 53,158. Between 1988 and 2008, 18 disasters struck RMI (World Bank). This trend continued with the devastating 2013 drought, inundations in 2014, Typhoon Nangka in 2015 and then the 2016 drought, which was brought about by “one of the strongest El Nino events in recorded history” (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)). The drought triggered a National Disaster Declaration, directly followed by the 2017 drought which also triggered a National Emergency Declaration. Funding is needed to prepare for future disasters and address ongoing challenges related to clean and sufficient quantities of water, climate change adaptation and preparedness.

IOM will support and strengthen RMI's disaster response reduction strategies by seeking to continue the Disaster Preparedness for Effective Response (PREPARE) Programme. In 2018, this programme maintained a warehouse in RMI stocked with pre-positioned relief items paid for both by USAID and OFDA. The warehouse itself is funded by OFDA. The strategic placement of these items allows for their quick delivery in response to a disaster. IOM also conducted a Table-top exercise, which included the participation of local/national government and civil society organizations and was designed to test and train relevant stakeholders on preparing and responding to a rapid and slow-onset disaster. The programme also distributed solar radios to local communities to allow them to receive emergency warning messages. In a similar project, IOM worked closely with local partners and communities to implement the Climate Adaptation Disaster Risk Reduction and Education Programme (CADRE+) in RMI. This programme serves to empower grass-roots organizations through education programmes and capacity building. This is achieved by delivering community-based disaster management training and planning, school emergency management plans, education curriculums, first aid training and first aid kits, as well as hazard vulnerability capacity mapping.

IOM’s presence in the western Pacific is grouped into three separate country offices located in RMI, the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) and Palau. These three country offices, with their respective sub-offices, are directed by a single Chief of Mission based in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Given that these countries share similar challenges as well as donors, projects are often multi-country operations. For instance, the above-mentioned programmes target both FSM and RMI. These projects are directly in line with IOM's Strategic Work Plan on Disaster Risk Reduction & Resilience 2017-2020. This document presents a set of concrete actions that IOM will undertake over the course of 2017-2020 to assist Member States' efforts to reduce risk and strengthen resilience. In particular, IOM's projects in Palau touch on Strategic Outcome 1, which focuses on reduced risk of disaster-induced displacement through effective disaster prevention and Strategic Outcome 2, which improves the capacity of States and communities to effectively anticipate, respond to, and recover from, the mobility consequences of disasters, through strengthened disaster preparedness.

These projects also contribute to Strategic Outcome 3, which focuses on the rapid, effective and risk-informed emergency responses that address the immediate needs of disaster-affected populations. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 53,066 individuals.
Contact Information: Stuart Simpson, Chief of Mission Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of the Marshall Islands and Republic of Palau
International Staff:  5
National Staff:  11
IOM Offices: Main Office: Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia Other Offices: Majuro and Ebeye, Republic of the Marshall Islands
Republic of the Marshall Islands Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 2,601,000 | Received: 941,000 | Percentage funded: 36%

  Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building

  • Climate Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction, and Education Plus (CADRE+) - Republic of the Marshall Islands
    Amount Requested: USD 175,000.00 Amount Received: USD 175,000.00
    Support the national and state governments in the implementation of their national strategies pertaining to climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction in the FSM and RMI, by implementing a climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction education program that builds the resilience of vulnerable schools and communities through enhancing their adaptive and disaster preparedness capacities.
    Beneficiaries: 53,066 individuals
  • Community Vulnerability and Capacity Mapping Exercise and Assessment - Republic of the Marshall Islands
    Amount Requested: USD 600,000.00 Amount Received: USD 600,000.00
    This activity capitalizes on the experience and expertise of IOM while fulfilling the strategic priorities of the World Bank in the North Pacific. The aim of the project is to increase the capacity of communities and the government to prepare and respond to natural hazards through improved early warning systems and enhanced community-level resilience: 1) communities in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) engaged in participatory hazard risk mapping are more able to engage in planning of community investments; 2) Robust data collection and local consultations informs the design of a regional/national early warning system relevant to the RMI context; and 3) Knowledge mapping and geo-tagging of key public assets and infrastructure is compiled with links to open source mapping platforms. Knowledge mapping and evaluation of existing open-source information on key public assets and infrastructure in RMI and/or FSM is carried out.
    Beneficiaries: 53,066 individuals
  • Disaster Preparedness for Effective - Republic of the Marshall Islands
    Amount Requested: USD 1,660,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    IOM seeks to strengthen local capacity to prepare for and respond to emergencies in order to contribute substantially to increased self-reliance and to raise the threshold that necessitates a donor response. This will be achieved by: 1) strengthening preparedness of the governments of FSM and RMI and other stakeholders to prepare, respond to, and recover from large and small scale disasters; 2) better preparing partners to respond expeditiously to US Presidentially Declared Disasters, while increasing FSM and RMI capacity to respond to smaller disasters; 3) strengthening the capacity of partners to implement recovery and reconstruction activities following a disaster, while preparing FSM and RMI to take long-term responsibility.
    Beneficiaries: 53,066 individuals
  • Enhanced Preparedness for Effective Response
    Amount Requested: USD 166,000.00 Amount Received: USD 166,000.00
    IOM aims to contribute to the FSM and RMI's enhanced preparedness for emergency response and strengthen partner's ability to assist. While humanitarian responses aim to meet immediate needs, the proposed project looks to strengthen the resilience of populations vulnerable to recurrent disasters. Building on the strong partnership that IOM has established in the region with USAID/OFDA, the project invests in activities aimed at specific risks or gaps – for example, dry season/drought preparedness, which will reduce costs as well as risks over time. Strengthening government and community capacity to anticipate, cope with, and recover from disasters can greatly mitigate the impact and empower the FSM and RMI to prepare for and respond to disasters.
    Beneficiaries: 53,066 individuals