South Sudan 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
$108,043,851
Total Funded:
$52,807,364
Percentage Funded:
49%
Introduction and Needs

South Sudan continues to experience substantial displacement and associated challenges amidst ongoing conflict, and the country remains one of the world’s most insecure and fragile contexts. Forced migration due to conflict and other crises has resulted in a high number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) seeking protection in UNMISS Protection of Civilians Sites (PoCs) and collective centres, or through creating informal settlements. Displacement trends across geographic regions remain dynamic, and almost 2 million people are internally displaced, with some 200,000 people living in UNMISS PoCs and many more in collective centres across the country. In addition, there are more than 2.4 million South Sudanese refugees. Under the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan, 7.1 million people are in need, with IOM and humanitarian partners aiming to respond to the life-threatening needs of 5.7 million people.

IOM delivers an integrated and multi-sector approach that emphasizes complementary, mutually-reinforcing actions at individual, household, community and systems levels, with a focus on three pillars of intervention, namely meeting humanitarian needs, enhancing stability, and building national ownership. Within these efforts, IOM contributes to saving lives, providing dignified living conditions, and reducing vulnerability through a comprehensive response that incorporates Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Shelter/Non-food items (S/NFI), Health, Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS), WASH, Protection and GBV. IOM ensures that all activities meet the needs of IDPs, host communities and returnees across South Sudan, for which the DTM is a critical source in delivering targeted programmes informed by reliable and regularly updated information.

With anticipation, a revitalized peace process will lead to new opportunities in 2019. It is expected that returns may increase, and IOM is already supporting efforts to promote and sustain the resilience of communities, as well as efforts to address the root causes of conflict and drivers of displacement, which can provide the basis for further returns and stability. However, it is important that support is provided to continue addressing the needs of crisis affected populations, including displaced populations, migrants and host communities, who remain in dire need of humanitarian assistance and protection moving forward. Furthermore, IOM's strong presence across the Clusters allows integrated, holistic programming. IOM is the S/NFI Cluster co-lead and CCCM Cluster co-lead; and plays an active role in all clusters for which it maintains programming. IOM also operates common humanitarian services, such as the Common Transport Service (CTS) for the Logistics Cluster, and three humanitarian hubs, which provide accommodation and office space to over 400 humanitarian workers, to enable partners to provide static and front-line.

IOM projects below are part of the IOM South Sudan Appeal 2019, and the inter-agency South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2019. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration/displacement issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 1,147,172 individuals.
Contact Information: Olivia Headon: OHEADON@iom.int; +211912379843; https:ww.facebook.com/iomsouthsudan; @IOMSouthSudan
International Staff:  121
National Staff:  2283
IOM Offices: Main Office: Juba Sub Offices: Bentiu, Wau, Malakal, Abyei Other Locations: Logisitcs hubs in Bor and Rumbek; WASH programming in Kapoeta; 8 locations at points of entry to Ebola EVD (3 in Yei River County; 2 in Morobo County; and 2 in Morobo County)
South Sudan Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 39,063,629 | Received: 14,123,360 | Percentage funded: 36%

  Multi-Sector

  • Building resilience, recovery and peaceful co-existence
    Amount Requested: USD 1,663,629.00 Amount Received: USD 1,663,629.00
    Objective:
    The project is designed to mitigate the risk of conflict and promote recovery in Abyei Administrative Area. Since 2013, IOM's Abyei Rehabilitation Initiative (ARI) has been contributing to the sustainability of returns and overall stability of the Abyei Area by promoting peaceful-coexistence, improving livelihood opportunities and basics services, building confidence in local institutions and empowering youth and women. Building upon the initial phases of the ARI, the proposed intervention will continue supporting the communities within Abyei by leveraging the momentum initiated by previous phases. The proposed intervention aligns with FAO's Sustainable Agriculture for Economic Resiliency program by building resilience and recovery and strengthening community and intercommunal resource sharing, conflict mitigation and management practices.
    Beneficiaries: 109,090 returnees and host community members
  • Conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV)
    Amount Requested: USD 3,100,000.00 Amount Received: USD 574,062.00
    Objective:
    IOM will develop tools for undertaking staff and organizational assessment to gauge the knowledge and skills of staff of the partner organizations. This will, in turn, be used to contextualise training that addresses actual capacity gaps and that are relevant for implementation of project activities. Competency-based training is geared towards imparting specific skills that are required to perform specific tasks and is relatively is easier to evaluate and adapt than traditional training. Additionally, it builds on existing participant knowledge and skills, allows for curriculum to be tailored to participant needs, and includes, as an essential component, a skills assessment at the end of each training segment.
    Beneficiaries: 100,000 vulnerable individuals
  • Migration Management Unit - South Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 6,500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 636,492.00
    Objective:
    The Migration Management Unit (MMU) focuses on bridging the gap between stabilization and development through supporting instructional change in government and contributing to migrant protection. MMU mainly deals with capacity building for agencies government with migrations by providing training and equipment, technical advice and policy development through the drafting of strategies. MMU is also involved in providing migrant assistance through assisted voluntary return and reintegration, support to return for stranded migrants and supporting resettlement. In 2019 MMU intends to develop and roll out a counter-trafficking programme to support the country as it emerges out of its crisis.
    Beneficiaries: 80 government officials; 60 civil society members; 30 migrants
  • Strengthening the capacity of the Government to Protect Vulnerable Migrants
    Amount Requested: USD 2,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Objective:
    IOM will continue to work closely with the Government of South Sudan in supporting efforts to strengthen migration management, prevent transnational organized crime and improve migrant protection through capacity building, policy development, promoting intra- and interagency cooperation at the national and regional level, strengthening infrastructure and developing its first ever migration policy in 2018. IOM will strengthen the knowledge base on migration trends in South Sudan through conducting a national migration profile and integrating flow monitoring in migration management. Building upon this knowledge base, IOM will continue to build the capacities of national agencies with migration functions, through infrastructure improvement, the provision of equipment and training, assessments of border posts, and operationalization of border management committees at strategic border posts along key migration corridors. IOM aims to improve access to gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response services among crisis-affected populations.
    Beneficiaries: 100 individuals (including: non-state and state actors participating in trainings, vulnerable migrants, and the diaspora)
  • Transition and Recovery - South Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 18,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 3,363,426.00
    Objective:
    In recent years, the ability of communities in South Sudan to cope with stresses and shocks has dramatically declined, leading to reduced resilience and increasing food insecurity. Conflict and inter-communal violence further exacerbate vulnerabilities, undermine existing coping mechanisms and create barriers to the successful reintegration of returnees. IOM transition and recovery projects focus on community-level stabilization, social cohesion and interventions to support resilience. Projects are coordinated with traditional leadership structures, local authorities, women and youth and local non-governmental and community-based organizations. In 2019, IOM aims to expand its transition and recovery activities, adopting implementation modalities that promote inclusiveness, ownership and sustainability. Based on in-depth conflict, risk and needs analysis, IOM will conduct interventions in targeted geographic areas. In these areas, IOM will promote initiatives designed to promote dialogue and boost local economies by facilitating income generation, constructing and rehabilitating key infrastructure, supporting peacebuilding initiatives and building confidence in local institutions and governing bodies.
    Beneficiaries: approximately 21,000 individuals (facilitating return for 5,000 individuals; provision of economic opportunities to 2,500 households, targeting unemployed youth and women; promotion of adult literacy to 1,000 men and women)

  Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

  • Integration of WASH response and GBV risk prevention
    Amount Requested: USD 7,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 7,362,910.00
    Objective:
    The Integrated Emergency WASH Response and Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Prevention Program aims to save lives and preserve the dignity of vulnerable populations. The project targets internally displaced persons (IDPs), and host communities, through increased access to safe, equitable and adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. IOM's approach is structured to respond before, during and after crises, by embedding integrated WASH/GBV mobile Community Humanitarian Recovery Teams (CHRT) into communities. This addresses a critical gap by building on gains made by the humanitarian response and better prepare communities for future shocks. This can mitigate the risk for recurrent emergencies such as cholera outbreaks or inequitable access to water, and makes aid more sustainable. The WASH CHRT, are deployed to build the capacity and preparedness of local counterparts to respond to WASH needs and prevent, mitigate and respond to GBV issues to allow for safer and more sustainable WASH service provision. The WASH CHRT works on clearly defined triggers for response and exit - ensuring the community has increased knowledge and technical skills to sustain the WASH services. As an added value, the WASH CHRT approach will also strengthen IOM's current Static and Mobile response to deliver safer WASH services. The programme integrates GBV activities related to physical, and social, economic and cultural protection. The second year of the program will be marked by the expectations created on the implementation of the peace agreement that started in 2018. It is expected that as far as the process moves forward, IDPs and refugee will eventually look to return to their land.
    Beneficiaries: 50,000 individuals targeted with hygiene promotion, 10,000 men, women, boys and girls participating in GBV dialogues, 40 young women and men trained in livelihoods skills and provided with start-up kits; 5,000 women and girls who receive dignity kits
  • Integration of WASH response and GBV risk prevention - Ebola prevention
    Amount Requested: USD 800,000.00 Amount Received: USD 522,841.00
    Objective:
    IOM aims to contribute to improving preparedness for potential transmissions of Ebola virus disease (EVD) by strengthening the capacity to prevent, detect and respond to public health emergencies in targeted areas. Through these activities, IOM – in collaboration with the Ministry of Health (MoH), World Health Organization (WHO) and other stakeholders – will map high-risk formal and informal PoE from the Democratic Republic of Congo to South Sudan, screen for suspected cases of EVD and implement the minimum infection prevention and control (IPC) interventions in the identified priority areas. The activities will focus upon the establishment of primary screening at dedicated sites established at prioritized PoE, and the minimum prevention and response mechanisms at the vicinity of PoE and major transit and congregation sites. The focus will be on convergence points, including host communities in proximity to PoE, so as to maximize the impact of the intervention. The project will also enable frontline officials and health workers to safely screen incoming travellers, collect relevant information to enable contact tracing and provision of age and gender-appropriate messages on how to minimize the risk of infection and where to seek medical assistance should they develop symptoms consistent with EVD. Activities will include: Mapping of PoE situated along the border between South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo and key transit and congregation sites in the vicinity of PoE; Assessment and Identification of priority PoE; Identifying and prioritizing major PoE and key transit and congregation sites determined to be highly vulnerable to an EVD outbreak as a result of human mobility, population density and interactivity; and train enumerators on flow monitoring data collection, which will be disaggregated according to age and gender.
    Beneficiaries: 8 locations along DRC and South Sudanese border where screening is conducted are successfully set up and running and local authorities and communities are cooperative
South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2019
Requested 68,980,222 | Received: 38,684,004 | Percentage funded: 56%

  Camp Coordination and Camp Management

  • Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to displaced populations in South Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 8,691,059.00 Amount Received: USD 4,274,264.00
    Objective:
    The CCCM Cluster will continue to prioritise new and unreached IDPs in camp and camp-like settings while maintaining responsibility for sites of protracted displacement, including PoCs. As CCCM Co-Lead, IOM will ensure that the CCCM Cluster response is appropriate, effective and coordinated. Activities will include: CSOs and NGOs support; Develop response plans including contingency, emergency response and risk management; Advocate for the assistance and protection needs of IDPs in camps/camp-like settings; coordinate with partners addressing gaps. IOM will focus on providing fire safety in Wau and Bentiu PoCs and share results with the Cluster. IOM will promote meaningful participation focused on women, PWDs, and disenfranchised community members, and respond to new influxes through a mobile approach, supporting NNGOs in hard-to-reach areas with technical support and coordination. As Camp Manager, IOM will ensure IDPs living in camps and camp-like settings have improved and dignified living conditions in support of durable solutions. IOM will provide camp management and coordination of humanitarian services at Bentiu PoC and Wau PoC sites to ensure equal needs-based access and prioritize conflict-sensitive; Ensure participation of communities through inclusive governance structures and community protection structures; Provide two-way information channels through information desks in PoCs, and AAP initiatives and CwC activities, ensuring communities have access to information on areas of return to enable voluntary decisions on remaining or leaving PoCs; and promote and ensure inclusive programming through linkages with development and transition and recovery partners to enhance livelihood opportunities, promote resilience, and contribute to durable solutions.
    Beneficiaries: 668,543 displaced persons in PoCs, collective centres, contingency sites and spontaneous settlements

  Logistics

  • Common Transport Services for Humanitarian Partners in South Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 5,200,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,796,813.00
    Objective:
    The Common Transport Services (CTS) is a free-for-user service that transports key humanitarian supplies on behalf of humanitarian actors. CTS serves as a critical link in the supply chain, enabling products and materials that arrive from regional and international suppliers to rapidly move onwards to partners located deep in the field. IOM works with more than 80 unique agencies in key operational locations in Jonglei, unity and Greater Upper Nile Region and Humanitarian Logistics hubs, namely Malakal, Melut, Bentiu, and Rubek, Bor, Juba and Wau. IOM will maintain heavy vehicles and transport cargo from the main ports of dispatch via air, road and river. IOM will continue warehouse management in key operational locations. Through the effective management of the CTS IOM aim to support organizations preparedness measures to mitigate risk associated with increased insecurity, looting/theft of humanitarian supplies, critical access impediments to very vulnerable people and reduce expensive air and road transport costs and ultimately support timely response to the needs of crisis-affected people.
    Beneficiaries: 80 humanitarian partners

  Multi-Sector

  • Rapid Response Fund (RRF) - South Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 8,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 6,000,000.00
    Objective:
    The RRF is targeting to meet the urgent needs of 315,000 in 2019. Due to a shift in needs throughout South Sudan, including the needs of returnees, the RRF envisages a similar demand for emergency responses in the coming year. The RRF will strengthen its capacity building efforts for national NGOs, providing sector-specific technical trainings, safety and security in insecure environments, PSEA and financial management sessions. The RRF team will continue conducting supportive supervisory field visits to provide implementing partners with technical recommendations to increase the quality of interventions and ensure accountability to affected populations.
    Beneficiaries: 315,000 crisis-affected individuals, returnees and host communities

  Shelter and Non-food items

  • Access to life-saving shelter and NFI services to IDPs and returnees across South Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 9,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 5,351,042.00
    Objective:
    Output 1: Provide effective and quality cluster coordination to better respond to S/NFI needs and enhance resilience of the most vulnerable IDPs: i) Convene regular national-/sub-national level coordination meetings; ii) Develop national-/sub-national response addressing new shocks; iii) Improve coordination with government officials at national/sub-national level; iv) Improve stakeholders' access to information through efficient IM and KM; v) Improve sustainability and build capacity of national NGOs through regular technical support in programme design, implementation and monitoring, evaluation, accountability and learning; vi) Strengthen evidence-based programming; vii) Improve analyses on HLP and conflict-sensitive issues; viii) Engage donors and relevant stakeholders to analyse funding gaps and challenges for emergency and durable solutions; ix) Strengthen linkages and coordination with clusters, particularly Protection, WASH, Health, FSL, CCCM and Logistics. Output 2: Improve access to life-saving shelter and life-sustaining NFIs and enhance resilience of the most vulnerable population through area-based and settlement programming. Response activities will include: i) Improve access to S/NFIs through in-kind and cash-based interventions (CBI). IOM response will provide S/NFI assistance to new IDPs, protracted IDPs, returnees, and host community members requiring assistance; ii) Upgrade/rehabilitation/maintenance of shelter, principally in PoCs and CCs, through both in-kind and CBI; iii) Implement settlement projects with integrated programme approach, through community mobilization, empowerment, and skill development; iv) Strengthen evidence-based programming; v) Mainstream gender, protection/GBV, HLP, environment and AAP; vi) Strengthen the capacity of S/NFI Staff on settlement programming, CBI, gender, data quality assessment, AAP and Protection.
    Beneficiaries: 220,816 individuals (including the most vulnerable IDPs, returnees and host community members)
  • Improve Access to Shelter and NFI supplies through Cluster Core Pipeline
    Amount Requested: USD 5,590,000.00 Amount Received: USD 975,520.00
    Objective:
    IOM will improve access to safe and appropriate emergency shelter, and life-saving non-food items to newly displaced or vulnerable populations in secondary displacement and improve the living conditions of highly vulnerable IDPs in protracted displacement, returnees and host communities unable to meet their S/NFI needs. As part of the gradual transition to resilience-based approaches, the S/NFI Pipeline will coordinate with the S/NFI Cluster to continue to advocate for the use of the pipeline as a last resort. Where feasible, the Pipeline team will support the Cluster in capacitating partners towards other approaches, such as cash-based interventions (CBI) that capitalize on the existing coping mechanisms and community participation, with minimal reliance, if any, on the pipeline. The Core Pipeline managed by IOM is composed of the WASH Core Pipeline and SNFI Core Pipeline. IOM will allow partners timely access to S-NFI supplies, with items procured centrally by one organization and prepositioned in strategic locations, mainly Bentiu, Bor, Wau, Malakal and Rumbek, but also Torit, Mundri, Yambio, in order to expedite the process by which items are moved to the final distribution sites in field locations. Overall IOM activities: i) Procure 85,509 non-food items kits that contribute to a wider stock able to serve 712,579 individuals; ii) Procure 15,090 shelter kits that contribute to a wider stock able to serve 125,749 individuals; iii) Ensure that Technical Working Group's guideline and specification are followed; iv) Receive and process Partners' pipeline requests for stock and distribution; v) Dispatch and transport materials for prepositioning in hubs and to field locations for distributions; vi) Coordinate with Logistics Cluster on planned responses and stock movements through the regular collection and sharing of relevant information, according to the LC's coordination processes; vii) Upgrade and maintain the physical infrastructure (i.e. permanent warehouses, MSU, pallets) of the storage facilities in order to ensure appropriate technical and safe warehousing solutions; viii) Maintain a robust pipeline information management systems to track and monitor procurement and distributions related to pipeline stock; ix) Gather feedback from beneficiaries on the appropriateness and quality of the items through post-distribution monitoring and community feedback conducted by partners and; x) Conduct pipeline survey with partners.
    Beneficiaries: 838,328 individuals

  Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

  • Management of WASH Core Pipeline supplies to strengthen WASH sector's preparedness and integrated response in South Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 5,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 428,886.00
    Objective:
    IOM will bolster the WASH cluster's capacity to respond to emerging humanitarian response through the management of a portion of the WASH Core Pipeline. IOM will support the WASH Cluster by procuring and managing Core Pipeline supplies. Supplies procured will be prioritized to benefit vulnerable people affected by prolonged food insecurity, malnutrition, GBV risks, disease outbreaks and renewed conflict. The most vulnerable and underserved populations will be targeted, specifically those displaced (including protracted and new displacements), at risk of GBV, disease outbreak, and/or those facing nutritional crisis. The WASH Cluster Core Pipeline will provide emergency WASH supplies to implementing partners, so they have essential emergency WASH relief items to respond adequately to needs in a coordinated manner. Women and adolescent girls of menstrual age in school and/or community will receive crucial support, such as MHM kits, to practice menstrual hygiene management. Vulnerable people affected by severe acute malnutrition or moderate acute malnutrition will be prioritized to receive the hygiene kits designed for household usage. Activities will include: i) Procurement of WASH emergency supplies targeting 625,000 IDPs, returnees, refugees and the most affected host community members; ii) Preposition WASH emergency supplies to Malakal, Bentiu, Wau, Bor and Rumbek; iii) Ensure appropriate storage and management of the WASH emergency supplies at IOM warehouses in Juba, Bor, Malakal, Wau, Rumbek, and Bentiu; iv) Undertake regular monitoring of WASH Core Pipeline supply delivery, storage and utilization; v) Support to WASH Cluster by strengthening the accountability of the pipeline programme in South Sudan, through regular reporting of pipeline status, collecting utilization reports from partners, and undertaking post-distribution monitoring of supplies distributed by partners. WASH supplies procured will not only benefit beneficiaries targeted by the WASH Cluster, but also vulnerable populations targeted by other sector clusters, such as Health (particularly disease outbreak), Protection and Shelter/NFI.
    Beneficiaries: 625,000 crisis-affected beneficiaries (including IDPs, host communities and returnees as well as populations in areas at risk of disease outbreak)
  • Provision of emergency WASH assistance for affected populations in South Sudan
    Amount Requested: USD 9,500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 6,943,869.00
    Objective:
    IOM will provide equitable access to safe, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) for IDPs, host communities and returnees. IOM will provide integrated WASH services in Bentiu, Malakal and Wau Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites and collective sites. IOM's WASH Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPnR) teams will expand access to WASH services to underserved and vulnerable populations in remote and hard-to-reach locations lacking access to basic services, as identified in coordination with WASH Cluster. This component of the project will target 274,119 individual beneficiaries. IOM will be able to scale-up in the case of population influxes. Activities will include: operation and maintenance of water treatment and supply systems; care and maintenance of sanitation facilities; and solid and liquid waste management. IOM will sustain and improve the promotion of hygiene and public health, focusing on community ownership methods, including menstrual hygiene management for displaced women and adolescent girls. Outside the PoCs and collective centres, IOM will expand WASH services through the construction and/or improvement of key infrastructure and hygiene promotion to assist IDPs outside of PoC sites and host communities, and underserved areas at risk of outbreak of Ebola, and waterborne disease such as cholera. IOM will facilitate construction/rehabilitation and maintenance of water and sanitation facilities. IOM will ensure project sustainability through the formation and training of water management committees and provision of spare parts for ongoing care/maintenance of boreholes. IOM will promote good hygiene and sanitation practices through hygiene promotion and distribution of basic household hygiene items. IOM will also contribute to mitigating WASH-related GBV. Gender equality and prevention of GBV will be mainstreamed in all WASH activities. All WASH projects incorporate cross-sectoral linkages with health and nutrition.
    Beneficiaries: 274,119 crisis-affected beneficiaries (including IDPs, host communities, returnees, and populations in areas at risk of disease outbreak)

Donors: