The United Republic of Tanzania is host to 335,298 refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018, mainly from Burundi (250,590) and the Democratic Republic of Congo (84,088) and others (620). The majority of refugees and asylum seekers are hosted by the Government of Tanzania in three refugee camps in north western Tanzania: Nyarugusu, Nduta and Mtendeli (292,646) and some 23,047 are hosted in the Old settlements of Ulanykulu, Mishamo and Katumba and 19,337 are self-settled in Kigoma villages. A small population of refugees of mixed nationalities (268) are also hosted in urban centres, mainly Dar es Salaam. Since the beginning of the influx in April 2015, some 234,000 Burundians fled to Tanzania, making Tanzania the largest host of Burundian refugees in the region. The situation in DRC remains unpredictable and in 2018 a small number of refugees (1,770 in 2018) were received. The majority of the refugees from the DRC (62,608) are protracted with some 21,480 having arrived in Tanzania after April 2015.
In 2019, IOM plans to continue to provide lifesaving assistance to asylum seekers and refugees. Both through transportation and pre-embarkation medical checks, IOM Tanzania ensures that asylum seekers and refugees are cared for to the highest standard. By providing regular pre-embarkation medical checks, IOM ensures that any potential spread of diseases remains contained and people are given the necessary care. Furthermore, IOM is also providing transport assistance in the Assisted Voluntary Humanitarian Return operations, which have been supporting the return and sustainable reintegration of Burundian refugees to their home country.
IOM is the leading agency providing life-saving transportation assistance to affected populations, and is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT). IOM is working with UNHCR to ensure that movements are sufficiently coordinated. IOM is part of the Refugee Operation Working Group (ROWG), which includes the Ministry of Home Affairs, various UN agencies (including UNICEF and WFP) and non-UN agencies (such as the Danish Refugee Council and Plan International, among others).
Note: the projects below are part of the Tanzania Country Refugee Response Plan 2019. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.