Vanuatu 2019

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
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Introduction and Needs

Since 2014, Vanuatu has been ranked the world's most disaster-prone country in the annual World Risk Report published by the UN University's Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS). The last year has been particularly challenging for the people of Vanuatu; three subsequent eruptions of the Manaro volcano on Ambae island have forced nearly 11,000 people to evacuate to neighboring islands, overwhelming their capacity to cope with and provide support for the influx, and requiring both immediate response and long-term durable solutions. In addition, the eruption of Benbow and Marum volcanos on Ambrym island have triggered major seismic activities forcing evacuation of nearly 1,000 people in nearby villages. On top of this, communities throughout Vanuatu – especially those displaced from previous disasters - remain at risk of cyclone, flooding, landslides, earthquakes and other natural disasters, as well as climate-induced displacement.

In 2019, IOM will provide emergency response, preparedness, and recovery support to the Government of Vanuatu to address the needs of persons displaced by or at risk of displacement from disaster or climate change, as well as vulnerable migrants and victims of trafficking. IOM supports the Government of Vanuatu in the field of Displacement Management, providing technical advice and on the ground support to the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) as the co-lead of the Evacuation Centers/CCCM working group and through roll-out of the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix in emergencies. In addition, IOM is an active member of the Gender and Protection, and Shelter Clusters, the Vanuatu Humanitarian Team and GIS Working Group. Having supported the government of Vanuatu in drafting a national Mass Evacuation in Natural Disasters (MEND) guide as well as specific plans for Vanuatu’s volcanic islands, IOM will strengthen support to NDMO in carrying out community-level hazard, vulnerability and service mapping. Linked to its global mandate for CCCM in natural disasters, IOM has also helped the Government of Vanuatu to develop guidelines on the selection, assessment and mapping of evacuation centers as well as SOPs for management and operations of Evacuation Centers, and is working with national and local authorities, NGOs and communities to build capacity for evacuation center management. IOM along with the Public Works Department (PWD) and NDMO is advocating for resources to assess and carry out necessary upgrades to Evacuation Centers to ensure preparedness for cyclone season. With the aim of reducing the environmental impacts from displacement, IOM has also partnerd with UNEP and the Department of Environmental Protection and Conservation (DEPC) to mainstream environmental protection in humanitarian response to displacement, including through tracking impacts, provision of training for communities and local authorities, and development of immersive IEC materials.

Increased movement across borders have raised new challenges in combatting transnational crime and irregular movements. In response, IOM looks to strengthen it's support to the Vanuatu Transnational Crime Unit, customs and immigration officials to provide support and safe referrals for victims of trafficking and other vulnerable migrants.  

Note: the projects below are in line with the Government’s Maewo Response and Recovery Action Plan and the 2019 – 2021 Ambae Recovery Plan, being developed by the Prime Minister’s Office with technical support from IOM. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and Pacific Strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.

Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 61,000 individuals.
Contact Information: Caroline Logan, Displacement Project Manager:
International Staff:  3
National Staff:  6
IOM Offices: Main Country Office: Port Vila, Efate, Vanuatu Field-Offices: Luganville, Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu Other Locations: Mobile DTM team responding in disaster-affected provinces
Bangladesh: Rohingya Refugee Crisis Joint Response Plan 2019
Requested 0 | Received: 0 | Percentage funded: 0%


  • Disaster risk reduction and resilience building
    Amount Requested: USD 5,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 2,346,297.00
    The objective is to strengthen disaster risk reduction capacity and resilience by reducing vulnerability and exposure to natural hazards and climate-induced shocks. IOM will extend its ongoing structural and non-structural capacity development support to the local communities and government on DRR to cope with shocks and stressors and increase overall resilience. DRR activities will include both preparedness and mitigation measures while building on the specific capacities of the displaced communities and neighbouring host communities. IOM will continue to train local volunteers to enable them to take necessary preparedness actions prior to any disasters, as well to respond immediately after any incidence happens. The local communities will also get their early warning, preparedness and mitigation messages from different Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials, awareness sessions and community meetings. IOM will consider the relocations of targeted at-risk host communities who live near slopes or on lower land to reduce exposure to natural hazards. Slope stabilization, drainage and other small-scale engineering works will be undertaken to further reduce vulnerabilities. An assessment of the Fire Safety and Civil Defense capacities will take place to minimize the response time in case of an emergency and improve efficiency. The volunteers will also receive equipment support and training on how to use the equipment. Community risk mapping, camp-wise risk assessments and risk-informed Disaster Management Plans will be prepared to identify specific risks and mitigation plans for different communities and locations. IOM will work to ensure the participation of all members of the local communities, especially women and girls, in the risk mapping and assessments. The engagement of local communities in the mapping will bring an indigenous solution to disaster management. This will also include hazard specific disaster management plans and simulations. The simulations will help the participants to swiftly provide support in the event of a disaster and reduce the impact.
    Beneficiaries: 250,000 individuals
Ambae Response and Recovery Plan
Requested 1,150,000 | Received: 300,000 | Percentage funded: 26%

  Shelter and Non-food items

  • Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
    Amount Requested: USD 300,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    IOM aims to strengthen the capacity of displacement-affected communities to prepare for and respond to natural disasters through: i) establishing a technical baseline of approved evacuation centres mapped against current displacement and host population; ii) carrying out necessary upgrades to priority evacuation centres to ensure they are able to withstand severe weather conditions and; iii) providing capacity building tools and support to communities in safe shelter awareness, evacuation planning and evacuation centre management and maintenance.
    Beneficiaries: 23,000 disaster-affected persons (7,000 IDPs, 16,000 host community on Santo island)

  Camp Management and Displacement Tracking

  • Camp Management and Displacement Tracking - Vanuatu
    Amount Requested: USD 650,000.00 Amount Received: USD 300,000.00
    IOM aims to expand on the work done in relation to displacement management at the policy level and to enhance the operational capacity of first responders, government authorities and communities to undertake key CCCM actions including coordination of partners, service monitoring, displacement tracking, information management and dissemination, advocacy for increased accountability to affected population and establishment of community governance, participation and complaint and feedback mechanisms. This will enable government, community-based organizations, I/NGOs and affected populations to better address and manage displacement induced by natural disasters and climate change.
    Beneficiaries: 11,000 IDPs and 225 training participants
Vanuatu Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 450,000 | Received: 200,000 | Percentage funded: 44%

  Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants

  • Counter-Trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
    Amount Requested: USD 150,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    IOM aims to facilitate safe, dignified, and regular migration in the Pacific, with a focus on building the capacity of Immigration divisions through the following activities: i) conducting organizational capacity assessment (OCA) of Immigration Divisions; ii) improving training curriculum and delivering training for Immigration as well as border staff officials to better manage migration including through guidance on visas, smuggling, trafficking, interviewing migrants etc. and; iii) providing targeted technical support to the Government of Vanuatu customs, immigration and police officers around counter-trafficking, and capacity building and case management support for Vanuatu Transnational Crime Unit to better support victims of trafficking and vulnerable migrants.
    Beneficiaries: 150 people (including local authorities and vulnerable migrants)

  Migration Policy and Legislation Support

  • Migration Policy and Legislation Support
    Amount Requested: USD 300,000.00 Amount Received: USD 200,000.00
    IOM aims to strengthen the Government of Vanuatu's institutional structures and operational tools to respond and address displacement and to support the mainstreaming of displacement and migration considerations into the policies and operations of government and non-governmental partners leading sectoral interventions. This includes the creation of a department or office with expertise and resources to support implementation of the displacement policy, and also providing support to stakeholders. Stakeholders should also demonstrate the technical skills and knowledge needed to implement the displacement policy effectively, and identify appropriate durable solutions through participatory approaches.
    Beneficiaries: 500 community members, government officials, and NGO/CBO staff (indirect beneficiaries: an estimated 15,000 displaced persons in Vanuatu)