Somalia 2018

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
Percentage Funded:
Introduction and Needs

For decades, poverty, insecurity, political instability and natural hazards have stalled development and increased humanitarian needs in Somalia. In 2017, severe drought conditions continued in much of the country due to four consecutive failed rainy seasons, preserving the risk of famine for many already vulnerable individuals. As of early November 2017, 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance including over 2.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). Additionally, resulting from the drought conditions and general insecurity, the food security situation continued to deteriorate with the number of people in IPC 4 (Emergency) increasing to 802,000 in a six-month period. Regional issues also pose a threat to the humanitarian situation in Somalia with the continuing conflict in Yemen encouraging tens of thousands of Somalis to return, often with little money and in need of assistance. Within this context of recurring droughts and continuing insecurity the focus is, besides humanitarian aid provision, shifting to durable solutions, resilience, recovery and stabilization to enhance the capacities of the Somali population to cope with shocks in the future.

In 2018, IOM will prioritize life-saving interventions, including protection services for the most vulnerable, basic services, strengthened resilience and durable solutions as well as data collection and analysis for evidence based decision making. If the needs of these individuals fail to be met, worsening disease outbreaks, displacement, loss of livelihoods and human rights violations are likely to continue. Beneficiaries of IOM’s response will include drought-affected communities, IDPs, returnees, migrants, refugees, pastoralists, host communities and victims of trafficking. IOM’s multi- sectoral assistance will include: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Health, Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFIs), Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) and Protection.

IOM is well placed to coordinate with other UN agencies, humanitarian and government partners, and international and local NGOs. IOM is an active partner in the Protection, WASH, Health, CCCM, Shelter/NFI and Food Security Clusters. IOM also co-leads the CCCM Cluster with UNHCR and sits on the Strategic Advisory Group for the WASH, Shelter/NFIs, Protection and Food Security clusters.

Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan 2018. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.


In 2017:

  • Provided 322,820,660 litres of safe water to 594,549 people across Somalia.
  • Conducted 478,789 primary healthcare consultations through 19 static clinics including 16 primary health care units, 2 transit centres, 1 Migration Resource Centre, and 33 rapid response teams.
  • Mobilized 25 Integrated Emergency Response Teams (IERTs) to remote areas to respond to AWD/cholera outbreaks.
  • Distributed of emergency shelter materials and NFIs for over 42,600 IDPs.
  • Established the first CCCM programme in Somalia focused on improving living conditions and access to service for people living in displacement settings in Baidoa, Dollow and Kismayo.
  • Developed  displacement profiles for 58 districts and 12 border locations.
  • Facilitated the safe and dignified returns of 3,000 stranded Somali nationals from Yemen.
  • Supported 1,200 returnees and members of the host communities through cash-for-work and individual grant initiatives.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 3,000,000 beneficiaries
Contact Information: Yuko Tomita, Programme Support Unit Coordinator,, +254 (0) 715 990 600; Website; Facebook; Twitter
International Staff:  45
National Staff:  118
IOM Offices: Country Office: Mogadishu, Field-Offices: Nairobi; Hargeisa; Bossaso; Dollow; Garowe; Kismayo; Dhobley. Other locations IOM carries out activities: and, Nairobi Support Office
Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan
Requested 37,434,244 | Received: 6,075,362 | Percentage funded: 16%

  Camp Coordination and Camp Management

  • Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to men women boys and girls in displacement sites in Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 6,955,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,694,364.00
    IOM aims to improve the living conditions and protection of IDPs in sites and settlements and ensure equitable access to services and assistance of all person in need in the regions of Kismayo, Dollow, and Baidoa. Activities will include: i) implement site coordination/management in Baidoa, Kismayo and Dollow to improve the provision of humanitarian assistance, through the coordination of humanitarian services and site level information management through the roll out and upkeep of the Detailed Site Assessment (DSA);  ii) support the construction, staffing and maintenance of information centres in key areas of displacement to serve as information hubs that can facilitate two way communications with affected communities; iii) support the state-level government to improve the living conditions of IDPs to alleviate congestion and reduce the risk of severe health, sanitation and protection concerns; iv) support trainings at the state level on CCCM and Early Recovery and help build displacement management capacity within the government at the state level along with support to develop contingency plans for future displacement and planning for early recovery and durable solutions for those already displaced; and v) support displaced communities to implement community based activities to promote community cohesion and recovery.
    Beneficiaries: 409,546 affected individuals
  • Provision of Cluster Coordination for the Camp Coordination and Camp Management
    Amount Requested: USD 1,182,350.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    IOM will improve the coordination of the integrated multi-sectoral response at site level, raise the quality of interventions and monitoring of humanitarian services in communal settings by ensuring appropriate linkages with, and capacity building of, national authorities and other stakeholders. Activities will include: i) strengthen the predictability and effectiveness of multi sectoral interventions at site level by setting up CCCM coordination structures in collaboration with appropriate government counterparts, participating on behalf of CCCM in relevant coordination forums; and ii) strengthen community self-management to promote durable solutions for displaced people in sites by advocating for IDPs for access to training opportunities, leading the technical working group in collaboration with UNDP, to develop strategies to integrate early recovery and community self-management into CCCM activities and collecting and disseminating information on basic services, infrastructure, protection risks, security and availability of assistance in place of origin or place of relocation as well as other relevant activities.
    Beneficiaries: 1,680,000 affected individuals


  • Emergency lifesaving primary healthcare for crisis affected populations including IDPs, migrants, returnees, and affected host communities in Somaliland, Puntland, and South Central Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 8,896,484.00 Amount Received: USD 1,500,000.00
    IOM aims to provide critical lifesaving interventions in Somaliland, Puntland and Southern regions of Somalia through the provision of essential primary health care services for crisis affected populations and host communities; support to the Ministry of Health, the national health system and NGOs; and improved access to health information and education. Activities will include: i) Support static facilities and three new facilities in Gedo and Somaliland, and 30 mobile primary health care (PHC) service delivery sites; ii) Preposition essential medical supplies and equipment to 51 PHC service delivery sites for timely response to health emergencies; iii) Provide integrated primary healthcare services; iv) Provide capacity building for 60 (30 female, 30 male) frontline health workers; v) Support travel health services including provision of health screening, transit healthcare and fitness to travel for emergency movement of 10,000 displaced and IDP returnees; vi) Increase capacity of community health workers for health and hygiene promotion linked to PHC centers.
    Beneficiaries: 518,400 affected individuals

  Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items

  • Provision of Emergency Shelter and Non Food Item (NFI) assistance to IDPs, vulnerable communities and returnees in Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 494,364.00
    IOM will implement and coordinate lifesaving shelter and NFI operations across Somalia to provide protection, mitigate health risks and help restore dignity to crisis and disaster affected populations. Activities will include: i) provision of emergency shelter and NFI assistance to 25,500 individuals displaced and vulnerable in Somalia with needs and vulnerabilities being understood through gender checklists, referral mechanisms and coordination with partners and clusters (CCCM, gender based violence (GBV) sub-cluster, protection).
    Beneficiaries: 32,700 affected individuals

  Protection - GBV

  • Improve access to GBV prevention and response services among crisis affected populations including IDPs, migrants, returnees and affected host communities in Somaliland, Puntland, and South Central Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 1,338,410.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    IOM aims to improve access to GBV prevention and response services among crisis affected populations. Activities include: i) Increase engagement among men and youth to address prevailing stereotypes on GBV; ii) Strengthen community based mechanisms to mitigate the risks of GBV; iii) Strengthen referral pathways by enhancing the capacity of service providers through training on survivor-centred care and case management; and iv) Strengthen the capacity of GBV actors to prevent and respond to GBV, as well as increase livelihood and income generating activities for survivors of GBV.
    Beneficiaries: 44,000 crisis affected individuals

  Common Compounds

  • Facilitating effective life-saving service through the establishment of common accommodation, work space and transportation in Kismayo and surrounding areas
    Amount Requested: USD 3,500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    IOM will provide a living and working space to be set up in Kismayo to enable an increase in the number of aid workers who can further expand and reach IDPs with continued yet effective life-saving service delivery. The common compound intends to provide an immediate solution to a lack of accommodation and workspace options available to humanitarian workers. In support of this, the Integrated Operational Planning Team (IOPT) has agreed that IOM will take the lead on the complete construction, operation and maintenance of a common compound for ten UN agencies and 5 NGOs, totalling 200 staff. Activities will include: i) Construct a common accommodation and workspace for humanitarian actors in the area; ii) Establish a common transport fleet and iii) Organize operations including management, maintenance and security for the common compound.
    Beneficiaries: 200 humanitarian workers

  Population Based Surveys

  • Informing humanitarian planning of and response to the needs of IDPs in Somalia through population based surveys
    Amount Requested: USD 3,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Inter-agency partners have data collection methods which contribute to estimating the number of IDPs. However, population information is acquired from secondary sources and figures are mostly not disaggregated by age and sex. IOM will conduct site level enumeration to fill in the gap. This includes IDPs' access to services, needs, and availability of basic services in the more rural areas of return. Activities include: i) Conduct a household survey with site level enumeration to produce accurate age and sex disaggregated data in areas with the highest caseload of known IDP populations. The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) team will work with relevant humanitarian and recovery actors to identify priority sites; and ii) Build capacity in large scale/representative data collection, analysis and reporting. The project will support capacity building at the federal, State and district level. Capacity building will include technical assistance, training and material support, primarily in terms of software and tools.
    Beneficiaries: 3,230,000 IDPs

  Protection - Return and Reintegration

  • Provide safe reception and onward travel for assisted spontaneous returns and self-organized returns from Yemen to Somalia
    Amount Requested: USD 2,500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 411,264.00
    This project seeks to provide safe reception and onward travel for assisted spontaneous returns and self-organized returns from Yemen to Somalia. Activities include: i) Coordinate with IOM Yemen, UNHCR and government partners; ii) Provide health screening and services for returnees; iii) Provide onward transportation assistance in the form of charter flights from Somaliland for Assisted Spontaneous Returns (ASR) returnees traveling to the South and individualized transportation grants for all other returnees; iv) Build the capacity of communities to receive returnees through inclusive community consultations and short term employment opportunities; and v) Provided targeted support to government stakeholders.
    Beneficiaries: 6300 individuals

  Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

  • Provision of lifesaving and sustainable access to safe water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services, for people in crises and their host communities, in multiple regions in South-Central Somalia, Somaliland and Puntland
    Amount Requested: USD 7,062,000.00 Amount Received: USD 1,975,370.00
    IOM will provide an integrated and community-led approach on the provision of sustainable safe water supply systems, support Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and promote good hygiene practices in the most vulnerable drought affected communities. Activities will include: i) Provide temporary access to safe water to 200,000 people; ii) Construct and rehabilitate 20 strategic water sources to provide water to 100,000 people; iii) Construct 35 water treatment systems to provide safe water to 60,000 people; iv) Construct 1,000 emergency and temporary latrines targeting 30,000 people; v) Rehabilitate and desludge 1,000 filled temporary latrines to improve access for 5,000 households; vi) Recruit and train 300 community members, who will then conduct hygiene promotion activities; vii) Provide capacity building for 250 local technicians, community leaders and local authorities to manage constructed water and sanitation and viii) Provide capacity building on water quality testing and monitoring of 30 officials of the Federal Government of Somalia and the Federal States and regional and district level authorities.
    Beneficiaries: 360,000 affected individuals
Somalia Migration Crisis Operational Framework
Requested 9,000,000 | Received: 453,229 | Percentage funded: 5%

  Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition

  • Enhancing Stability and Recovery in Fragile Areas
    Amount Requested: USD 5,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 0.00
    Based on an overarching goal, to contribute to peace and stability in Somalia, the specific objectives are as follows: a) Strengthen the government's accountability and responsiveness to the needs of its constituents; b) Address social exclusion and conflicts over unresolved clan disputes and land as principal drivers of instability; c) Support communities to drive their own recovery and development processes. Activities will include: i) Conduct inclusive community planning resulting in Community Action Plans; ii) Implement or refer identified prioritized activities which will increase absorption capacity and provide short term employment opportunities through a cash for work scheme; and iii) Hold cultural, arts and, sports events aimed at strengthening social cohesion.
    Beneficiaries: 100,000 individuals

  (Re)integration Assistance

  • Promoting Durable Solutions and Community Cohesion in Displacement-Affected Communities
    Amount Requested: USD 4,000,000.00 Amount Received: USD 453,228.93
    Upholding the overall objective of durable solutions to gradually diminish "the needs and vulnerabilities of displacement affected communities, while strengthening their capacities, skills, and increasing their resilience, so that displaced persons can increasingly enjoy their human rights without discrimination based on their displacement". Activities include: i) Enable local administrations to lead and communities to drive solutions to displacement; ii) Enhance capacities to plan for urban expansion and upgrade settlements; iii) Strengthen institutions to coordinate and lead support for durable solutions; and iv) Create livelihood and employment opportunities through skills training, micro-entrepreneurship and public-private partnerships.
    Beneficiaries: 100,000 affected individuals