Somalia 2017

Humanitarian Compendium

Total Requested:
Total Funded:
Percentage Funded:
Introduction and Needs

While Somalia continues to be on a positive political trajectory after decades of political turmoil, this has not led to improvements in the humanitarian situation. Humanitarian vulnerabilities are increasing and acute vulnerability levels remain high due to conflict, displacement, poor basic services, food insecurity, malnutrition and climatic variability. The previously estimated 5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance has increased to 6.2 million out of a total population of 12.3 million as a result of severe drought conditions and warnings of a possible famine. This includes a sharp increase in the number of people in “crisis” and “emergency” from 1.1 million to nearly 3 million. While prior to the worsening of drought conditions, Somalia had an estimated 1.1 million IDPs, between December of last year and March 2017, reportedly over 600,000 persons have been displaced as a result of the drought according to data compiled by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).[1] There are further over 363,000 acutely malnourished children in Somalia, of which 71,000 are severely malnourished. It is estimated that 4.5 million people are in need of urgent Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services.

In 2017, humanitarian partners in Somalia will prioritize saving lives, protection for the most vulnerable, basic services, strengthened resilience and durable solutions. The Somalia Operational Plan for Pre-Famine Scale up of Humanitarian Assistance targets 5.5 million people through a multi-sector response to the deteriorating drought conditions. If we fail to respond, vulnerable population members will be at increased risk of displacement, loss of livelihoods and disease. Millions will be unable to access safe water and primary health care and may die from preventable diseases such as cholera and measles. IOM will continue to respond to the needs and vulnerabilities of populations in crisis as identified by the DTM as well as other populations in need. IOM’s multi-sectoral assistance in Somalia includes: shelter and non-food items (NFIs), WASH, health, food security, protection, camp coordination and camp management, technical capacity building and working with local stakeholders to identify and implement durable solutions for populations affected by displacement. IOM will focus on providing lifesaving assistance in response to mass displacement and humanitarian situations as a result of conflict, cyclical climatic events, forced evictions and mass returns of refugees and migrants from Kenya, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. IOM will enhance resilience of crisis affected communities against future shocks and drivers of instability through viable livelihood support, infrastructure development/rehabilitation, and capacity building of local authorities. Beneficiaries of IOM response will include drought-affected communities, IDPs, returnees, migrants, refugees, pastoralists, host communities, as well as victims of human trafficking.

IOM will continue implementing its interventions in Somalia in close cooperation and collaboration with government partners, UN agencies, and local NGOs, and will coordinate its interventions through active participation in the Protection, WASH, Health, Shelter/NFI, and Food Security Clusters.

Note: the projects below are in line with the 2017 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan developed by the Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes. For more details on IOM’s drought response, also see the IOM East and Horn of Africa Drought Appeal (April – December  2017).  

[1] This number is based on multiple sources, including the Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN), Jubaland Refugee and IDPs Affairs (JRIA) and Puntland Ministry of Interior’s IDPs Affairs Department (IAD)


In 2016:

  • In total, 915,662 IDPs and their host community members have received direct humanitarian services from IOM. The services include: free and quality primary healthcare services through 12 Ministry of Health/IOM health facilities; safe and clean water through 11 strategic boreholes; non-food items, food security interventions and protection of livelihood assets.
  • In 2016, IOM rolled out the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in seven districts (five regions) across Somalia, identifying 430,062 displaced persons in 181informal IDP settlements as well as living among host communities.
  • IOM supported 2,520 Somali returnees fleeing the conflict in Yemen with onward transport assistance. On 6 November 2016, in partnership with IOM Yemen, IOM Somalia successfully organized sea evacuation of 127 Somali nationals (55 females and 72 males) from Aden (Yemen) to Berbera sea port in Somaliland. 
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 1,050,700 beneficiaries
Contact Information: Mr. Gerard Waite, Chief of Mission,; Mr. Sam Grundy, Stabilization and Transition Coordinator,; Jennifer Pro, Drought Response Coordinator,, Website:  
International Staff:  29
National Staff:  89
IOM Offices: Country Office: Mogadishu; Support Office Nairobi; Sub-Offices: Hargeisa, Bossaso, Garowe, Kismayo, and Baidoa
Migration Crisis Operational Frameworks
Requested 1,500,000 | Received: 608,280 | Percentage funded: 41%

  Camp Management and Displacement Tracking

  • Technical Support/Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
    Amount Requested: USD 1,500,000.00 Amount Received: USD 608,280.00
    (1) To ensure that the specific needs of populations living in displacement sites are identified and addressed, in a coordinated manner and based on commonly agreed criteria, while advocating for solutions to their displacement; (2) to provide technical surge support to local administrations already hosting or likely to host a large number IDPs to improve preparedness and response to the needs of drought affected population members. People in need include the estimated 1.1 million IDPs prior to the drought and over 600,000 displaced persons as a result of the drought. 
    Beneficiaries: The total direct beneficiaries targeted by IOM will be determined pending field level situation analyses and coordination with government and humanitarian stakeholders.

Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan
Requested 59,473,951 | Received: 11,895,805 | Percentage funded: 20%

Yemen Situation
Requested 925,787 | Received: 3,177,068 | Percentage funded: 343%


  • Supporting Safe and Dignified Return of Somali Returnees through Life Saving Healthcare at Arrival Locations, including Mogadishu, Dhobley, Bossaso, Berbera and New Border Points
    Amount Requested: USD 410,047.00 Amount Received: USD 390,000.00
    Improve access and quality of life-saving primary healthcare services and enhance referral mechanisms for secondary healthcare at transit and arrival locations for Somali returnees. 
    Beneficiaries: 81,000 returnees


  • Facilitating safe and dignified return of the most vulnerable stranded Somali nationals in Yemen through immediate reception assistance and onward transportation from Bossaso, Berbera and Mogadishu to their return locations.
    Amount Requested: USD 515,740.00 Amount Received: USD 2,787,068.00
    Assist vulnerable Somali returnees from Yemen through immediate reception support in Bossaso, Berbera, and Mogadishu and onward transportation assistance to their return locations. 
    Beneficiaries: 3,000 returnees