Zimbabwe has continued to face social, economic and political uncertainty fuelled by drought, hyper-inflation, cash and water shortage, unresolved political crisis, displacement, collapse of basic service delivery and food insecurity. The situation has been further exacerbated by the Tropical Cyclone Idai and the resulting flooding. The weather system since Friday 15 March 2019 continues to bring heavy rains and strong winds which have caused massive destruction in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces of Zimbabwe. The hardest hit province is Manicaland and access to the hardest hit districts of Chimanimani and Chipinge remain challenging due to heavy rains, strong winds and landslides which has damaged roads and main access bridges. According to the Government, an estimated 270,000 persons have been affected by the Cyclone, including 98 deaths, 217 people missing and over 200 injuries have been reported. Official Government figures estimate that 21,000 are displaced, residing in displacement sites as well as relying on host community support. Many people have been left without shelter, with homes destroyed and others have incurred severe damage. In addition, water points and health care infrastructure have been severely damaged and puts communities at risk of communicable diseases, and high levels of food insecurity in the country have made communities more vulnerable to trafficking.
In 2019, IOM will prioritize life-saving interventions, including protection services for the most vulnerable, basic services, strengthened resilience and durable solutions as well as data collection and analysis for evidence-based decision making. IOM will provide multi-sectorial humanitarian assistance to 90,000 individuals across the following sectors; Shelter and -food Items (NFI), Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Health, Protection, Displacement Tracking, Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) and Early Recovery. While activities are divided by traditional response sectors, IOM seeks to find synergies in programming, preferring efficient multisector response wherever possible.
IOM is the leading agency on Shelter and NFI and as well as in the CCCM Clusters, providing humanitarian assistance to affected populations. IOM is also an active participant in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Health, and Early Recovery Clusters. IOM is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT) and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). IOM is also part of the Disaster Risk and Management working group.
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Zimbabwe Flash Appeal 2019. The strategic objectives under this appeal are to; 1) Save lives and livelihoods by providing integrated humanitarian assistance and protection to people impacted by the cyclone Idai and by the economic crisis and severe food insecurity; 2) Provide life-saving humanitarian health assistance by responding to outbreaks and procuring essential medicines; 3) Strengthen the resilience of the most vulnerable communities to mitigate against the impact of the deteriorating economic situation. IOM will therefore address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 27,000 individuals.
Contact Information: Mario Lito Malanca, Chief of Mission: MMALANCA@iom.int
IOM Offices: Main Office: Harare
International Staff: 4
National Staff: 23
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)
Implement Displacement Tracking Matrix to track mobility and displacementAmount Requested: USD 700,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM will implement its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) program to provide key information and critical insights into the situation on internally displaced and affected persons in Zimbabwe. Specifically, DTM will provide humanitarian stakeholders with a mapping of displacement sites, demographics of the most affected, mobility tracking as populations move to and from sites towards return and relocation, as well as detailed inter-sectorial information on all assessed sites to support strategic decision making around resource allocation.Beneficiaries:270,000 individuals
Provision of Disaster Risk Reduction and Early Recovery StrategiesAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM's CCCM teams will support early recovery actors with key information on the community's intentions post-disaster as well as leading in relocation operations if needed, with SNFI teams supporting in return/relocation site assessments and planning. Additionally, IOM will leverage the existing experience in recovery and resilience building within the IOM Zimbabwe team that has been built over the last 10 years.Beneficiaries:90,000 individuals
Mental Health and Psychosocial Support
Fostering Mental Health and Psychosocial Support to Vulnerable Cyclone-Affected IndividualsAmount Requested: USD 250,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM will work to strengthen the capacity of communities to cope with the impact of the disaster through mobile psychosocial teams, as well as psycho-education and psychological first aid. In addition, IOM will work to support protection and health referral pathways to ensure that services are provided in a coordinated and complementary way to those who need them.Beneficiaries:21,000 individuals
Protection Services for Vulnerable Cyclone-Affected Populations in ZimbabweAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM's response aims to protect and assist vulnerable populations, including victims and potential victims of Trafficking in Persons as well as other persons at risk of violence, abuse and exploitation. IOM will leverage its current programming on trafficking, in partnership with the Government of Zimbabwe, to support partners responding to the cyclone-affected populations to minimize the risk of trafficking as well as to directly support victims of trafficking if identified. IOM will work to raise awareness of trafficking and the risks it poses to affected communities through a comprehensive Counter-Trafficking information campaign to reach populations in the affected areas and inform them on the importance of carefully verifying any offers of employment or education elsewhere in order not to become a victim of trafficking in persons.Beneficiaries:21,000 individuals
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management ServicesAmount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 202,901Objective:IOM will implement camp coordination and management activities which will focus on the following: i) Supporting sub-national authorities (district administrators) to establish a platform to coordinate humanitarian response at site or area-level; ii) Providing support to site planning, as well as basic community-based site maintenance and improvements, to ensure that sites meet minimum standards and are set up in a safe manner that does not expose the population to further risk, including of gender-based violence (GBV); iii) Provide regular updated information on displacement site locations, population demographics, intentions and population flows as well as monitoring service delivery at site level to ensure that there are no gaps or duplication of activities, and that minimum standards are being met, protection risks, including of gender-based violence, are identified and mitigation measures undertaken; iv) Carry out CCCM capacity building activities for local authorities and local actors and leaders, specifically district administrators and Department of Civil Protection; v) Provide capacity building at national and regional level through a contextualized CCCM training package, and support to local coordination mechanisms.Beneficiaries:21,000 individuals
Shelter and Non-food items
Improve access to Shelter and Non-food Items among cyclone-affected populationsAmount Requested: USD 3,750,000 Amount Received: USD 847,170Objective:IOM will support targeted populations with acute needs who are not yet able to return home and have lost everything in the disaster with emergency shelter and NFI support. This kit will include shelter items such as tarpaulins, ropes, tools, and NFIs including buckets, cooking sets, blankets and mosquito nets. IOM will ensure equitable and safe access to shelter and NFI support across the sub-groups of the beneficiary population. Once emergency life-saving needs have been stabilized IOM, as the lead of the Shelter/NFI cluster, will work with the Government of Zimbabwe, cluster partners and the affected communities to ensure that return and/or relocation planning is done in a safe and dignified manner and that sites that are proposed for return or rebuilding are safe and not vulnerable to repeat disaster. In addition, IOM, through the S/NFI cluster, will work closely with IOM CCCM teams to support work on-site planning and management of displacement site to ensure that while families wait to return home, they are not exposed to additional risk such as fire outbreaks, landslides or protection risks in the displacement sites.Beneficiaries:90,000 individuals