Yemen is facing the largest humanitarian crisis in the world, with over 24.1 million persons (80 per cent of the population) in need of humanitarian assistance. As the escalating humanitarian crisis enters its fourth year, widespread conflict, severe economic decline, food insecurity and the collapse of essential public services continue to take an enormous toll on the population, exacerbating existing vulnerabilities. As the crisis becomes protracted, nearly 3.3 million Yemenis are internally displaced, often multiple times and to areas that have become increasingly stressed due to shifting frontlines, hostilities and a crumbling economy. More than 20 million people across the country are food insecure, including almost 10 million who are suffering from extreme levels of hunger. Despite the ongoing crisis in Yemen, the country has remained a transit country for thousands of migrants escaping the deteriorating economic and political/security situations in their countries of origin and seeking more favourable opportunities in the Arabian Peninsula. Large flows of migrants from the Horn of Africa continue to take the often-perilous journey across the Red Sea or the Gulf of Aden to Yemen, followed by an arduous overland journey from the southern or western coast of Yemen to its northern borders. In 2018, more than 150,000 migrants from the Horn of Africa came to Yemen. This trend is anticipated to continue, and the number of new migrants and arrivals 2019 is projected to remain at similar levels.
In order to address these critical lifesaving gaps and to respond to the severe needs prevalent throughout the country, the International Organization for Migration is appealing for USD 142 million to provide humanitarian assistance to more than four million Yemenis. IOM’s multi-sectorial humanitarian assistance includes the following sectors: Health, Coordination and Safety, Food Security, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Shelter, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Non-Food Items (NFIs), and Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation (EECR), as well as multi-sectorial assistance for migrants. The Organization seeks to find synergies in programming, and aims to carry out an efficient multisector response wherever possible. As people begin to return to the pockets of stable areas in Yemen, where agriculture and industrial activities continue despite prevailing insecurity in surrounding areas, IOM seeks to build on durable solutions opportunities and to work with communities, local governance structures and key stakeholders to improve basic quality services and to support relevant and sustainable livelihood opportunities.
With the principal aim of contributing to a well-coordinated and multi-sectorial approach, IOM in Yemen coordinates and works with the United Nations (UN) Agencies, national and international non-governmental organizations and other regional, national and local partners to prioritize and coordinate activities for the benefit of the Yemeni population and migrants. IOM is the co-lead of the Shelter/NFI and CCCM Cluster, and co-chairs the Refugee and Migrant Multi-Sector (RMMS) along with UNHCR. IOM is also an active partner in WASH, Health, Food Security and Agriculture, Coordination and Safety, Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation sectors.
IOM’s humanitarian response activities contribute towards the IOM Yemen Appeal, and the Yemen 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan, which frames collective humanitarian efforts under five main objectives: 1) Helping millions of destitute Yemenis overcome hunger; 2) Reducing outbreaks of cholera and infectious diseases; 3) Promoting the dignity of displaced families living in emergency and IDP settlements; 4) Reducing the risk of displacement and violence against civilians and facilitating the recovery of people traumatized by the conflict; 5) Preserving the capacity of public sector institutions to deliver life-saving basic services.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 4,000,000 individuals.
Contact Information: David Derthick, Chief of Mission: firstname.lastname@example.org
IOM Offices: Main Office: Sana'a, Sub-Offices: Aden, Hodeidah
International Staff: 24
National Staff: 400
Coordination and Safety - YemenAmount Requested: USD 10,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,466,752Objective:The IOM DTM team and partners were able to cover 6,791 locations countrywide for the UNOCHA-led 2018 Multi Cluster Locations Assessment (MCLA). The MCLA provides baseline data on gaps and humanitarian needs for communities throughout Yemen. In 2019, IOM will expand its DTM network to provide MCLA data at the household level. Nuanced surveying developed in coordination with key clusters and humanitarian partners helps to ensure that vulnerable populations are receiving efficient services in line with their needs. In 2019, the DTM will also serve as a key registration tool for areas of mass displacement and returns. For example, the registration of returning IDPs will both tailor service provision (Accountability to Affected Populations) and mitigate against duplication of response. IOM will continue to enhance the functionality of its DTM tools, such as the quarterly Area Assessment and the Emergency Tracking Tool. This will further contribute to accountable and strategic assistance delivery among humanitarian partners in Yemen and provide regularly updated information on the scale of population flows and profiles of such populations, both internally and across borders. In addition, the IOM DTM team will continue to co-lead the interagency Task Force on Population Movements (TFPM).Beneficiaries:3,873,180 individuals
Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation
Emergency Employment and Community RehabilitationAmount Requested: USD 10,000,000 Amount Received: USD 6,207,763Objective:IOM will contribute to increasing household income and enhancing coping capacities to shocks using a community-centred approach that will strengthen social cohesion and ensure that community socio-economic priorities are addressed. With access to capital, groups will be able to easily access livelihood inputs and diversify their socio-economic activities. IOM's community-based cash for work campaigns, for example, range from rubble removal to garbage collection and solid and liquid waste management to improve living conditions and inject greatly needed cash into depressed communities. In addition, IOM together with the affected communities will seek to conduct rehabilitation programming, such as public infrastructure and community water access points to address some of the most immediate concerns. While the outlook for Yemen may appear bleak, there are large pockets of the country that are stabilizing and where agriculture and industry continue despite insecurity in surrounding areas. Safeguarding these pockets of stability are a priority and IOM, along with other agencies, is working with communities, local governance structures and key stakeholders to ensure that stable and newly liberated areas are supported to maintain gains made, despite the ongoing violence. IOM will focus its Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation (EECR) interventions in Lahj, Hodeida, Ibb, Aden, Abyan, Hadramout and Shabwa, all areas that have been conflict areas in the past but are now moving towards stability, thus making them a draw for returnees and displaced persons.Beneficiaries:90,000 individuals
Food Security and Agriculture
Food Security - YemenAmount Requested: USD 15,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM will scale-up its assistance to reduce suffering resulting from the lack of access to food and income among IDPs and host communities. The scale-up plan includes: (i) Provision of harmonized food vouchers to vulnerable displaced households currently residing in collective centres, improvised shelters (caves, trees, etc.) or in host communities; and (ii) Provision of emergency kits, mainly targeting farmers and fishermen.Beneficiaries:180,000 individuals
Health Support - YemenAmount Requested: USD 30,000,000 Amount Received: USD 15,538,161Objective:Through this twelve-month project, IOM will provide health care services to vulnerable persons in Yemen through static and mobile response in 79 districts inside Yemen. In collaboration with the World Health Organization, IOM provides a Minimum Service Package, inclusive of support to staff, supplies, specialty services and capacity building in line with the Health Cluster strategy, to provide over 792,000 health consultations.Beneficiaries:1,500,000 individuals
Refugee and Migrant Multi-Sector
Migrant Assistance - YemenAmount Requested: USD 38,000,000 Amount Received: USD 4,366,036Objective:In 2019, IOM aims to provide life-saving, multi-sectoral assistance to approximately 60,000 stranded migrants in Yemen. To accomplish this goal, IOM will continue operating several Migrant Response Points (MRPs) in various governorates where IOM provides immediate assistance based on identified needs. Additionally, IOM will continue to operate several mobile health and protection teams that cover the coastal roads and provide assistance to migrants who have just arrived in Yemen. The MRPs and mobile teams will enable IOM to provide health assistance, food, NFI, WASH, temporary shelter for the most vulnerable, and specific support to address protection issues. Through evacuation support, IOM will aim to provide an orderly, humane option for migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and wish to return to their country of origin. In 2019 IOM will provide safe Voluntary Humanitarian Return (VHR) movements to 3,000 Ethiopian migrants. Additionally, IOM will provide safe transportation to 10,000 Somali refugees through UNHCR's Assisted Spontaneous Return (ASR) mechanism.Beneficiaries:73,000 individuals
Shelter and Site Management
Shelter, Non-Food Items, Camp Coordination and Camp ManagementAmount Requested: USD 28,000,000 Amount Received: USD 6,451,880Objective:Through this project, IOM will expand its Shelter/NFI and CCCM response to address critical gaps for those in protracted situations, those experiencing additional shocks, and newly displaced populations. As co-lead of the Shelter/NFI and CCCM Cluster, IOM will actively contribute to the effective and coordinated implementation of targeted responses among partners across the country. IOM's direct assistance will include the provision of NFI kits tailored to the specific needs (i.e. winterization, returns, and initial displacement) and the provision of shelter support to people living in collective centres, makeshift shelters, and open-air spaces. Where possible, IOM will consider the use of cash transfers to provide beneficiaries with purchase flexibility while also supporting local economies.Beneficiaries:420,000 individuals
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene - YemenAmount Requested: USD 11,800,000 Amount Received: USD 3,510,654Objective:IOM will expand the coverage of its WASH response in 2019, aiming to reach an additional 3 governorates, in addition to the 15 targeted in 2018. WASH activities will continue to target the most vulnerable Yemenis, including the displaced population and host communities, people at risk of famine and malnutrition, and people living in cholera-affected areas. IOM will combine the restoration and maintenance of existing WASH systems, and the direct provision of WASH services. This will be achieved through the maintenance and improvement of water supply and sanitation systems, including the provision of spare parts and water-disinfecting agents; the distribution of basic hygiene kits and mosquito nets, accompanied by hygiene promotion; water trucking; and capacity building of local partners and institutions to ensure a sustainable response.Beneficiaries:1,080,000 individuals