With armed conflict ongoing, a stalled peace process and an economic blockade, Yemen continues face a protracted political, humanitarian and developmental crisis. Violence since mid-March 2015 has forced more than 3 million people from their homes, including 2 million who remain internally displaced across 21 governorates. More than half of the estimated 18.8 million people in need (conflict-affected Yemenis and migrants) require immediate humanitarian assistance. Up to 9 million people do not know when they will eat again, more than 8 million face acute shortages of clean water and sanitation, 8.8 million are in acute need of access to healthcare. This represents a 76 per cent increase since late 2014, illustrating the magnitude of the health system’s collapse after more than 20 months of conflict. Additionally, children are in dire need of protection services as they are suffering from grave human rights violations and exposure to psychosocial distress. Shelter and NFIs are also among the primary concerns being ranked highly and consistently by IDPs when stating their priority needs. 1,027,674 people have returned in 19 governorates as of January 2017. These areas of relative security, essentially “pockets of stability”, are dispersed throughout the country and represent opportunities to promote and build upon the achievements made in stabilization to minimize the negative economic impacts of the crisis, build resilience and help prevent future (re-)displacement. At the same time, migration from the Horn of Africa to Yemen has morphed into a crisis, overwhelming the available resources. The UN estimates that 97,900 migrants crossed the sea and landed in Yemen in 2016 despite the conflict, an influx that exceeds 2015 and 2014 estimates.
In 2017, IOM will respond to immediate and longer-term needs of IDPs, vulnerable migrants, refugees and conflict and natural disaster affected communities. Specific needs will be identified through assessments and IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix. IOM will support conflict-affecte Yemenis with health and nutrition services, support government health facilities with staff, medicine, and medical supplies, and provide mental health and psychosocial support. IOM will also support vulnerable migrants with life-saving services, including protection, food, health, shelter, non-food items, WASH, and voluntary return assistance. Throughout, IOM will strive to establish Communication with Communities (CwC) and feedback mechanisms to improve the overall accountability of the humanitarian response. This approach is designed to build synergies between sectors of interventions where IOM is strategically positioned to deliver services following its successful large scale emergency response through 2016. In addition to remaining engaged on crisis-response throughout Yemen, IOM will work within geographically focused pockets of stability to build and develop synergies and encourage the start-up of recovery in areas of return that show progress towards stability.
Much of IOM’s humanitarian assistance in Yemen is provided in partnership and coordination with other humanitarian actors to prevent duplication and maximize the effect of scarce human, material, and financial resources. IOM is a member in the Humanitarian Country Team and the humanitarian cluster system. Within the Clusters System, in partnership with UNHCR, IOM co-chairs the Shelter/NFI/CCCM Clusters. IOM is supporting the Shelter/CCCM/NFI Cluster Coordination, providing human and logistics resources through the deployment of an experienced dedicated co-chair, provision of information management support, and organization of CCCM capacity building for the Cluster’s partners across the country. IOM and UNHCR co-lead the Task Force on Population Movement, a working group of the Protection Cluster that was established in April 2015 as a collaborative approach to coordinate efforts and harmonize tools and methodologies among partners to track and monitor internal displacement for the whole of Yemen. IOM coordinates with several government ministries, such as Public Health and Population (MoPHP), Foreign Affairs, and Human Rights, and with local authorities at the governorate level. IOM partners with national and international non-governmental organizations and UN agencies, such as UNHCR, UNICEF, and WHO to conduct specific activities and refer cases according to the mandate.
Note: the projects below are in line with the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (January – December 2017) developed by the Humanitarian Country Team. Furthermore, IOM will include additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2,650,614 beneficiaries, including 60,000 migrants.
Contact Information: Mr. Laurent De Boeck, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org. Website: https://www.iom.int/countries/yemen
IOM Offices: Country Office: Sana’a; Sub-Offices: in Al Hudaydah and Aden; and presence in more than half of the governorates.
International Staff: 15
National Staff: 400
- 21,732 vulnerable migrants received from IOM multiple forms of immediate lifesaving assistance, including food, water, temporary shelter, medical care, non-food items, and referrals for specific vulnerabilities.
- 2,579 migrants were evacuated by IOM from Yemen, using a chartered ship that departed from the Al Hudaydah Port, on Yemen’s western coast, to Djibouti, and then were supported with onward overland travel to Ethiopia.
- Delivery of direct health assistance to 323,835 individuals in 10 governorates of Yemen. The target beneficiaries of IOM’s health services included vulnerable migrants, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and other conflict-affected people. The type of health services provided by IOM included; life-saving emergency and primary healthcare, including management of communicable and non-communicable diseases, sexual and reproductive health, nutrition, mental health and psychosocial support, immunization and health education. IOM also provided referral services to secondary and tertiary healthcare for many migrants who were in need of specialized services.
- IOM provided psychosocial support to 100,104 conflict‐affected Yemeni children through 31 Child-Friendly Spaces.
Cholera ProjectAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 500,000
Provision of life-saving integrated package of healthcare services to IDPs and other conflict-affected peopleAmount Requested: USD 13,452,400 Amount Received: USD 1,899,091Objective:1) Provide integrated primary, secondary and referral health service , surveillance and response, and medical supplies in priority districts. 2) Deliver quality lifesaving interventions for acute malnourished children girls and boys and Pregnant and Lactating women.Beneficiaries:928,800 IDPs (232,200) and host communities (696,600) (235,872 women, 185,328 men), including 421,200 children and 49,488 elderly
Shelter and Non-Food Items/CCCM
Provision of NFI/Shelter/CCCM Assistance to Conflict-affected IDPs in YemenAmount Requested: USD 22,709,700 Amount Received: USD 5,505,937Objective:1) Ensure access to basic services for the most vulnerable living in collective centres and spontaneous settlements. 2) Strenghten accountability towards affected populations through seeking feedback, and addressing concerns about the response. 3) Enhance the capacity of authorities, communities and humanitarian actors in Shelter, NFI and CCCM programs.Beneficiaries:Total: 356,892 (66,945 men, 70,775 women, 102,563 boys, 97,934 girls, and 18,675 elderly - 9,061 males and 9,614 females)
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Provision of WASH Assistance for Conflicted-affected Population in YemenAmount Requested: USD 15,614,400 Amount Received: USD 760,000Objective:1) Restore or maintain sustainable water and sanitation systems to improve public health and resilience. 2) Provide emergency and life saving WASH assistance to the most vulnerable so as to reduce excess morbidity and mortality. 3) Ensure sufficient sectoral and intersectoral coordination and capacity to respond at the national and sub-national levels.Beneficiaries:1,688,040 IDPs (265,775), returnees (240,637), and host communities (1,181,628) (843,437 women, men 844,603), including 948,314 children, 88,333 elderly
Informing protection sensitive responses for refugees and migrantsAmount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Build a shared analysis and understanding of the migrants locations, profiles and key risks to inform protection sensitive responses.Beneficiaries:120,000 migrants (9,251 women, 110,749 men), including 20,955 children
Migrant Assistance and ProtectionAmount Requested: USD 16,038,624 Amount Received: USD 12,594,960Objective:Provide life€‘saving humanitarian assistance to vulnerable migrants in Yemen by increasing access to life€‘saving services and strengthening protection support through capacity development and referral mechanisms. Specific activities will include health assistance, food and drinking water; WASH services; non-food items (NFIs) temporary shelter for the most vulnerable migrants; customized assistance based on vulnerabilities, such as protection for unaccompanied and/or separated migrant children and victims of human trafficking; voluntary return or evacuation for those vulnerable migrants who want to return to their country of origin; and capacity building and sensitization for key stakeholders to understand the protection and assistance needs of migrants.Beneficiaries:59,890 migrants (58,855) and stakeholders (1,035) (2,994 women, 56,896 men), including 13,536 children
Food Security and Agriculture
Food assistance to conflict affected populations in YemenAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Improve immediate availability of and access to food for the most vulnerable people in Yemen, while strenghtening their self-reliance in Al-Jawf, Al-Dhale'e, Lahj and Abyan.Beneficiaries:83,832 IDPs (41,888 women, 41,944 men), including 47,096 children and 4,386 elderly
Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation
Restoring livelihood opportunities in Aden Governorate - Cluster ResponseAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Enhance the self-reliance of affected population through access to livelihoods opportunities.Beneficiaries:7,000 returnees (2,000) and host communities (5,000) (3,430 women, 3,570 men)
Task Force for Population Movement Multi-Sectorial Location Assessments in 12 governorates in YemenAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 7,448,187Objective:Assess and analyze displacement trends, protection/GBV needs and risks, and human rights/grave child rights violations; and mobilize timely humanitarian response and evidence-based advocacy.Beneficiaries:3,189,294 IDPs (2,179,278) and returnees (1,010,016) (1593547 women, 1,595,747 men), including 1,791,695 children and 166,890 elderly
Child Friendly Spaces, Dignity KitsAmount Requested: USD 1,190,000 Amount Received: USD 718,924Objective:Provide life-saving protection assistance and services to vulnerable conflict-affected individuals/children and GBV survivors through psychosocial support; identify vulnerable children, including child victims of human trafficking, and deliver of life-saving multi-sectoral services; procure and distribute dignity kits to the most affected displaced people of women and girls and Post Rape Treatment to the health facilities; and conduct capacity buildings for service providers and partners trained on GBV services package, survival care, safe referrals and Psychological First Aid (PFA)Beneficiaries:79,850 individuals (34,650 women, 45,200 men), including 750,000 children
Emergency Consular Assistance
Voluntary Return of Students and Vulnerable Yemenis Stranded AbroadAmount Requested: USD 1,700,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Assist 2100 Yemeni Nationals and students stranded abroad to return back to their home country to 1) reduce the burden on host communities and relatives in countries of origin who try to support, 2) alleviate the suffering of those stranded in visa/ residence permit renewal 3) allow stranded Yemenis to return and stabilize economically, and 4) improve the development and the reconstruction of the country by applying the knowledge returning students gained abroad.Beneficiaries:2,100 vulnerable Yemenis and students stranded abroad (500 women, 1,400 men, 100 boys, 100 girls
Diaspora and Human Resource Mobilization
Promoting Access and Use of Remittances as an Instrument of Financial InclusionAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Encourage Yemeni diaspora abroad to generate activities leading to local economic development more while ensuring they have also better methods for transferring their remittance back to their families through understanding the available and most competitive options in the market and improving the post office role as well. This will be achieved by 1) encouraging the use of remittances for income generating activities leading to local economic development, 2) including Yemen to Monito website which provides information on transfer methods from and to Yemen through IOM’s existing agreement with Monito, 3) enabling the Yemeni Post Office to have International Access which will eventually have better access and price to the existing money transfer platform through IOM’s existing agreement with Universal Postal Union, and 4) implementating a public information campaign, targeting Yemeni Diaspora, promoting formal remittance transfer channels as well as opportunities for investment in Yemen.Beneficiaries:5,000 beneficiaries from the Government of Yemen, Diaspora Communities abroad, and Communities in Countries of origin
Return and Reintegration Assistance
Reintegration Assistance to Returnee Communities in Governorates of High Return: Aden and LahjAmount Requested: USD 10,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Contribute to human security, transition and recovery in areas of high return in Lahj and Aden Governorates through the successful reintegration of returnees and peaceful co-existence with host communities through the improvement of access to basic public services. In addition, create short-term employment opportunities in targeted communities where there are high rates of unemployment.Beneficiaries:70,000 beneficiaries (25,000 women, 35,000 men, 5,000 girls, 5,000 boys)
Technical Assistance for Humanitarian Border Management
Capacity Building In Integrated Border Management for the government of YemenAmount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Contribute to developing human rights-based migration management approaches to address the needs of the Government of Yemen and national partners in addressing the border management challenges, taking into account the humanitarian crisis aspect of the situation in Yemen. This will by achieved by 1) improving the intra-service and inter-agency cooperation among border services at central level and at the frontier, 2) improving the border management infrastructure a selected pilot sites through provision of border control equipment, including an electronic database system at all border crossings registering entry and exit of travelers, 3) enhancing cooperation in the field of data collection and information exchange, as well as the establishment of a DAFEC at the international airports in Yemen, including Sana’a, Aden, Taiz, Hodaydah, Seiyoun and Mukalla, 4) building the training capacity of the Borders Services through the establishment of three Immigration Training Centres (ITC) in Sana’a, Aden and Mukalla, and 5) Rehabilitating the immigration offices infrastructure in some locations and providing equipment and furniture to provide proper, safe and adequate working environment for the employees to work more efficiently.Beneficiaries:Yemen government ministries and national partners with roles and responsibilities in border control and direct assistance
Combatting Transnational Organized Crime through Enhancing Integrated Border Management in YemenAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Contribute to the enhancement of capacities of the GoY in managing migration while at the same time protecting the migrants’ rights and maintain the security of the country and the region. This will be achieved by 1) building the technical capacity of the front line Immigration and Coast Guards officers, 2) improving inter-agency cooperation in the field of data collection, information sharing and analysis, 3) strengthening international cooperation in controlling the Red Sea coast, 4) conducting capacity building activities for coast guards, and 5) rehabilitating, refurbishing and equipping identified ports of entry in Yemen based on IOM assessment and in consultation with GoY.Beneficiaries:Immigration and Coast Guard Officers, coast guards
Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Protecting Victims of Trafficking in Yemen through the Support to National Instruments and Awareness Raising against TraffickingAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support Yemen in enhancing its instruments to strengthen prevention of human trafficking in Yemen and ensure the appropriate protection and assistance are provided to victims of trafficking through support for the development and implementation of a national strategy to combat human trafficking, including on prosecution of perpetrators. This will be achieved by 1) support the National Technical Committee to Combat Human Trafficking (NTC) in developing a plan for awareness raising against trafficking, 2) Enhancing the capacity of the government and local partners to provide the required services to protect victims of trafficking, 3) Providing protection service to victims of trafficking through the direct service provision or support in referral to national partners, 4) strengthening the collaboration between countries of origin, transit and destination, and 5) supporting the NTC passing the bill to combat human trafficking.Beneficiaries:NTC, government officials and local partners, victims of trafficking