Years of poverty, under-development, environmental degradation, intermittent conflict, and weak rule of law meant Yemen faced chronic vulnerabilities even before March 25, 2015, when the conflict escalated. As of late December 2017, health facilities reported over 9,000 conflict related deaths and over 52,500 injuries. In the past two and a half years there have been an average of 60 deaths or injuries every day. Given that only 50 per cent of health facilities remain functional, and acknowledging the limited reporting capacity across the country, this number is with great certainty significantly underreported. Furthermore, severe issues concerning the conduct of the conflict have been raised - all parties to the conflict routinely impose restrictions on movements of people, goods and humanitarian assistance. The escalating conflict continues to inflict civilian casualties and cause extensive damage to public and private infrastructure – today half of the Yemeni population live in areas directly affected by conflict.
The Task Force on Population Movements has identified 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) dispersed across 21 governorates. After two and a half years of conflict, displacement is becoming a protracted status for the vast majority of IDPs, straining their – and their hosts’ – ability to cope making them increasingly vulnerable. An estimated 88.5 per cent of IDPs have been displaced for one year or more, of whom 69 per cent have been displaced for more than two years.
Despite the ongoing crisis in Yemen, the country has remained a transit country for thousands of migrants escaping the deteriorating economic and political/security situations in their countries of origin and seeking more favourable opportunities in the Arabian Peninsula. To this end, large flows of migrants from the Horn of Africa continue to take the often-perilous journey across the Red Sea or the Gulf of Aden to Yemen, followed by an arduous overland journey from the southern or western coast of Yemen to its northern borders. This irregular migration is facilitated by well-established, transnational smuggling and human trafficking networks that actively promote their services to migrants and profit from Yemen’s weakened governance. In 2017, more than 87,000 migrants from the Horn of Africa came to Yemen. While this is a reduction compared to 2016, the number of new migrant and arrivals 2018 is projected to remain at similar levels.
In response to the crisis in Yemen, IOM is appealing to the international community for USD 96.19 million to enable the Organization to provide multi-sectorial humanitarian assistance within the following sectors of assistance of Health, Coordination and Safety, Food Security, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Shelter, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Non-Food Items (NFIs) and Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation, and multi-sectorial assistance for migrants. Interventions referenced within this appeal include inter-agency coordinated interventions as part of the “2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan”.
IOM in Yemen: In 2007, IOM established its Mission in the country and opened up an office in Sana’a. As of 2018 the mission also has sub-offices and Migrant Response Centre in Al Hudaydah and Aden Governorates. There is a plan to open sub-offices in Ibb and Sa’ada Governorates and discussions are ongoing for a further sub-office in Hadramout Governorate.
In Yemen, IOM has more than 600 local staff and 19 international staff, with a focus on Emergency and Humanitarian Assistance (for conflict-affected Yemenis); Migration Health (for conflict-affected Yemenis and migrants); and Migrant Assistance and Protection (for third-country national and Yemeni migrants). IOM Yemen has skilled staff members on the ground for the implementation of projects ranging from emergency and recovery and protection experts to administrative support.
IOM in Yemen coordinates and works with the United Nations (UN) Agencies, Programmes and Funds, national and international non-governmental organizations and other regional, national and local partners to prioritize and coordinate activities for the benefit of the Yemeni population and migrants. IOM is part of several inter-agency fora, including the UN Country Team and UN Humanitarian Country Team.
In Yemen, IOM co-chairs the CCCM/Shelter/NFIs cluster and the Refugee and Migrant Multi-Sector. IOM also is an active partner in WASH, Health, Food Security and Agriculture, Coordination and Safety, Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation, Apart from its role in direct service provision the Organization is the co-chair of the TFPM.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM Appeal Yemen 2018, which is in line with the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Yemen, January - December 2018.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2 million internally displaced persons
Contact Information: Lina Koussa, Program Coordinator, Email: LKOUSSA@iom.int, Tel:(+ 967)73 770 0120. http://www.iom.int/ https://twitter.com/iom Yemen
IOM Offices: Country Office: Sana’a, Sub-Offices: Aden, HudaidaAl Hudaydah
International Staff: 14
National Staff: 81
- Migrant Response Points (MRP) in Al Hudaydah and Aden, increased presence along Yemen’s coast, and continued presence in Sana’a. 33,975 vulnerable migrants benefited from immediate essential lifesaving assistance.
- 11,579 migrants (21 percent were unaccompanied minors) and 30 Yemeni host community members benefited from awareness sessions in Al Hudaydah. 1,144 members of the host community in Aden benefitted from NFIs as well.
- 2,879 migrants reached their home country with IOM’s help. 2,879 migrants (1,136 men, 683 women and 1,060 unaccompanied minors among of which 477 girls) were evacuated by sea from Yemen using chartered ships.
- IOM continued the operation and expansion of CFSs in Yemen. By the end of 2017, IOM was operating a total of 34 CFSs between Amanat Al Asimah (18), Sana’a (1), and Aden (15).
- Throughout 2017, IOM Yemen delivered direct health assistance to 277,219 individuals in the above-mentioned 12 governorates.
- IOM health team medically screened 746 migrants who were evacuated by sea from Al Hudaydah port to Djibouti, during 2017. Out of those screened, 42 medical cases were investigated and treated prior to their travel. A similar medical fitness screening was done for the 2,114 Somali refugees repatriated from Aden.
- Since January 2017, IOM provided health care services including emergency and primary healthcare to 208,211 IDPs and other conflict affected people in Abyan, Lahj, Al-Dhalea, Hajjah, Al Hudaydah, Sa’ada, Sana’a, Shabwah, Taizz and Amran governorates.
- In 2017, IOM also implemented several nutrition activities i.e. Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM). A total of 18,556 beneficiaries received necessary support on nutrition, vaccination and health promotion activities.
- As an emergency response to the cholera outbreak, IOM implemented an integrated health and WASH response in 16 districts in 7 governorates, these are, Hajjah city, Al Shahel, Shares, Nejjrah and Khiran Al Muhraq in Hajjah governorate, Bajil, Bura’a and Az zuhrah in Al Hudaydah governorate, Shara’ab As Salam and Mawiyah in Taiz governorate, Far Al Udayn and Hazm Al Udayn in Ibb governorate, Rudhoom in Shabwa, Al husha in Al Dhale’e, Lawder and Mudiya in Abyan governorate.
- IOM conducted several trainings to governmental health providers in different governorates covering important topics such as migrant rights, caring for trafficked persons, acute diarrheal diseases/cholera, integrated management of childhood illnesses, integrated management of pregnancy and childbirth
- In 2017, IOM Yemen delivered direct Emergency Response and Humanitarian Assistance to 759,980 individuals in the governorates of Abyan, Aden, Al-Bayda, Al-Dhale’e, Al-Jawf, Al-Maharah, Hadramaut, Ibb, Lahj, Sa’ada, Sana’a, Shabwa, and Taiz. Assistance was provided to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), conflict-affected populations, and populations affected by natural disasters.
- During 2017, IOM Yemen assisted 107,639 IDPs in Taizz, Al Maharah, Al Dhale’e, Lahj, Aden, Al Jawf, Ibb, Abyan, Hajja, and Hadramout with shelter and non-food items support.
- In 2017, 643,024 (180,047 women, 128,605 men, 192,907 girls, and 141,465 boys) IDPs and conflict-affected population have benefitted from IOM Yemen WASH activities in Aden, Abyan, Sana’a, Amran, Ibb, Al Jawf, Lahj, Shabwa, Hadramout, Taizz, and Al Dhale’e.
- IOM provided food assistance programme through voucher system in Al Jawf. In 2017, 3,717 conflict affected IDPs (743 men, 1,041 women, 818 boys and 1,115 girls) in the district of Rajuza, Al Zahir and Al Maton districts of Al Jawf governorate benefitted from this activity.
- The multi-sectorial location assessment was conducted through September 2017 in 805 locations hosting either IDPs, returnees or both.
- IOM deployed seven Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in coastal areas of Yemen where it conducts regular flow monitoring registry and surveys of new arrivals. The Flow Monitoring Reports (FMRs) and Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) assessments identify new arrivals per point, and information such as nationality and gender disaggregation of migrant groups is captured for better tracking and monitoring of migrants’ mobility. Pilot rounds of mobility tracking exercise began in November 2016, and actual data collection began in January 2017.
Refugees and Migrants Multisector (RMMS)
Provision of life-saving humanitarian and protection assistance for stranded and destitute migrantsAmount Requested: USD 20,000,000 Amount Received: USD 6,369,798Objective:Multi-Sector Assistance: IOM aims to provide life-saving, multi-sectoral assistance to approximately 59,890 stranded migrants in Yemen. To accomplish this goal. IOM will continue operating several Migrant Response Points (MRPs) in various governorates where IOM provides immediate assistance based on identified needs. Additionally, IOM will continue to operate several mobile health and protection teams that cover the coastal roads and provide assistance to migrants who have just arrived to Yemen. The MRPs and mobile teams will enable IOM to provide health assistance, food and drinking water. NFI, WASH, temporary shelter for the most vulnerable, and specific support to address protection issues. Humanitarian Return Assistance: Through evacuation support. IOM aims to provide an orderly. humane option for migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and wish to return to their country of origin. IOM’s Humanitarian Evacuation Assistance reflects a holistic approach: i) address the most urgent needs of stranded migrants while they are in Yemen; iii) facilitate the evacuation of migrants from Yemen; iii) provide assistance to these migrants while they are in transit; and iv) facilitate the arrival of migrants to their final destination. All four components will be implemented in succession across countries of departure, transit and arrival.Beneficiaries:59,890 migrants receive life-saving humanitarian support and 3,000 migrants receive Humanitarian Evacuation support.
Emergency Employment and Community Rehabilitation
Enhance the self-reliance of affected people through access to livelihoods opportunities, economic recovery processes, community asset rehabilitation and reintegration IDPsAmount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 4,514,400Objective:In the areas that returns are occurring. IOM is planning to focus on the Pockets of Stability concept (POS). This concept brings together national and international partners to support economic and social recovery in areas witnessing relative stability and/or spontaneous returns with the aim of creating a stable environment to resolve displacement and advance the peace process. In 2018, the strategy will focus on increasing household income and enhancing coping capacities to shocks using community centred approach that will strengthen social cohesion and ensure that community priorities are addressed. With access to capital, groups will be able to easily access livelihood inputs and diversify their economic activities. With improved economic well-being, other quality of life areas can be enhanced (access to health care, education and other basic needs). In addition, IOM will seek to conduct rehabilitation programming, targeting public infrastructure.Beneficiaries:54,500 conflict affected individuals
Coordination and Safety
Displacement tracking to vulnerable migrants, IDPs and returnees in YemenAmount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,992,425Objective:Provide a stronger evidence base for humanitarian response, development planning and operations with a comprehensive countrywide analysis generated through the collection of primary data at community level in all the 22 governorates of Yemen. Activities will include: i) Establishment of tools and methodologies for DTM assessments and FMP implementation; ii) Design of information products; iii) Training for IOM staff on DTM methodology and tools; iv) Continued coordination with DTM Field teams and National Governments and Authorities; v) Training for Government and Authority representatives on DTM methodology and tools; vi) Data harmonization activities with the National Government and Authorities; and vii) Establishment of workflows and data sharing processes between IOM and stakeholders including humanitarian actors in Yemen.Beneficiaries:2,970,102 individuals, including vulnerable IDPs and conflict affected communities (801,928 boys, 861,330 girls, 623,721 men, 683,123 women)
Shelter and Non-Food Items & Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Emergency shelter, NFI kits and CCCM support for populations affected by the conflict in YemenAmount Requested: USD 26,700,000 Amount Received: USD 11,922,279Objective:To respond to the increasing need for humanitarian assistance in Yemen, IOM is planning to implement a series of actions aimed at reducing suffering, mortality and morbidity among IDPs and other conflict-affected populations. Activities towards the aforementioned strategic objectives include: (1) the provision of NFI assistance to conflict-affected populations in need (e.g. mattresses, mosquito nets, blankets, cooking utensils). Distributed NFIs will be tailored to the specific needs (i.e. winterization, returns, initial displacement); (2) provision of shelter support to IDPs living in collective centres, makeshift shelters, and open air spaces, including procurement and transport of critical shelter supplies (e.g. plastic sheets and rope), small-scale support for rehabilitation/reconstruction: (3) establishment of mobile teams consisting of CCCM, DTM protection, health, shelter, and WASH experts, whose purpose is partners to assess the needs in sites and respond accordingly. Besides assessments and response efforts mobile team will also build the capacity of local and national responders, as well as humanitarian partners.Beneficiaries:409,269 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in vulnerable situations and conflict-affected communities
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Provision of Life-Saving WASH Assistance to IDPs and Conflict-Affected Communities in YemenAmount Requested: USD 7,520,000 Amount Received: USD 7,920,000Objective:IOM will in 2018 provide emergency WASH assistance to the most vulnerable so as to reduce excess morbidity and mortality as well as the restoration and maintaining of water and sanitation systems towards the improvement of public health. This will be achieved by: (1) provision of spare parts and maintenance of water supply systems, rehabilitation or augmentation of water supply systems and provision of water disinfecting agents for water supply treatment: (2) institutional capacity building of WASH partners and, Local Water and Sanitation Corporations (LWC)/training of local Water Management Committees: (3) the distribution of basic hygiene kits and distribution of impregnated mosquito nets and hygiene promotion; and (4) water trucking for IDPs, vulnerable groups and other affected communities. The sustainability of IOM interventions is also ensured through capacity building training targeting WASH partners (NGOs, local community & authorities).Beneficiaries:1,004,512 individuals: (231,038 women; 220,992 men; 271,218 girls; 281,264 boys)
Life-saving health assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and other conflict-affected populations in YemenAmount Requested: USD 15,000,000 Amount Received: USD 10,748,843Objective:Provision of essential health care for IDPs and conflict-affected people including women and girls Activities will include: i) coordinate selection of the health facilities to be supported through the project.; ii) recruitment of the required number of health staff; iii) procurement of medicines and medical supplies based on the needs of IDPs and other conflict affected people.; iv) provision of emergency and essential primary health care to target people, with a special attention to sexual and reproductive health services for women and girls; v) Train health care workers; community health volunteers (CHVs) and traditional birth attendants (TBAs).Beneficiaries:561,600 IDPs and other conflict-affected population
Strengthening food security and resilience for conflict-affected communities in YemenAmount Requested: USD 17,000,000 Amount Received: USD 4,499,997Objective:In response to the increasing dire need for humanitarian assistance following the protraction of the Yemen conflict. IOM is planning to implement a series of actions aimed at reducing suffering resulting from lack of access to food and income among IDPs and host communities. IOM will to this end provide (1) harmonized food vouchers to vulnerable displaced households currently staying at collective centres, in improvised shelters (caves, trees, etc.) or in host communities; (2) provision of emergency livelihood assistance emergency kits, mainly targeting farmers and fishermen, livelihood assistance kits will be tailored to the specific needs of the target population; (3) livelihood restoration support in areas conducive for early recovery programming, including the provision of livelihood start up kits and trainings to ensure sustainability of the interventions.Beneficiaries:199,241 vulnerable displaced individuals, with priority given to female headed households, elderly and disabled