Venezuela Regional Response 2019
The ongoing political, human rights and socio-economic developments in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (hereinafter Venezuela) have led to the outflow of over 3 million Venezuelans into neighbouring countries and beyond. The exodus of Venezuelan nationals is already the largest in the modern history of Latin America and the Caribbean and involves both refugees and migrants from Venezuela. Based on conservative government figures, it is estimated that the number of Venezuelans in countries across Latin America rose from 700,000 in 2015 to over 3.7 million in March 2019. Nevertheless, the total number of Venezuelans in the region is likely to be higher, as most data sources do not account for Venezuelans without a regular status. Against this background, countries in the region have demonstrated solidarity and generosity, maintaining an open border policy. However, with more than 5,000 daily arrivals, national capacities are overstretched and host communities saturated. A very significant number of Venezuelans remain in an irregular situation and are vulnerable to all forms of exploitation and abuse, violence, and discrimination.
The most critical need for refugees and migrants from Venezuela is access to a predictable regular status and documentation framework, which would allow refugees and migrants to effectively enjoy their rights, access social services and the labour market. Scaling up reception and support mechanisms, shelter interventions as well as access to basic services and other humanitarian assistance, especially in border and urban areas, are also pressing needs. Successful socio-economic and cultural integration for refugees and migrants from Venezuela, and also for those communities hosting them, will be also crucial to decrease social tensions and establish constructive engagement between communities. Moreover, the expected displacement in 2019 will further challenge the ability of host governments to respond to the influx and will reduce the absorption capacity of local communities. While migration governance in the region is well established, competent authorities generally do not have the capacity to deal with the unprecedented massive scale of the flows and the diversity of destinations.
In addition, since 2017, with the continuous outflows of Venezuela, the inter-agency preparedness and operational activities to respond to the growing needs have scaled up. In April 2018, the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General asked the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to coordinate and steer the operational response. The Regional Inter-Agency Coordination Platform, established by IOM and UNHCR in September 2018, is at the core of these coordination efforts. The Regional Platform is an agile and flexible instrument, which aims at developing a regional approach to ensure a coherent and coordinated operational response that will allow to cope with the dimension of the outflows.
Note: IOM will implement interventions in line with the Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan for Refugees and Migrants from Venezuela (RMRP). Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean involved in this RMRP include Argentina, Aruba, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Ecuador, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uruguay.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2,200,000 individuals.
Contact Information: Diego Beltrand, Regional Director for South America: firstname.lastname@example.org
IOM Offices: IOM Offices: IOM RO Buenos Aires, IOM CO Buenos Aires, IOM CO Montevideo, IOM CO Santiago de Chile, IOM CO Brazilia, IOM CO Lima, IOM CO Quito, IOM CO Bogota, IOM CO Georgetown, IOM CO Panama, IOM CO San Jose, IOM RO San Jose, IOM CO Mexico, IOM CO Santo Domingo
Area of Intervention 1: Direct Emergency Assistance
IOM's planned activities under Area of Intervention 1: Direct Emergency AssistanceAmount Requested: USD 55,017,984 Amount Received: USD 16,467,886Objective:IOM will continue to support refugees, migrants and host communities in vulnerable situations with the provision of basic needs through multi-sectoral interventions, such as health, shelter, Non-Food Items (NFI), and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in areas where the number of arrivals has greatly overcome local absorption capacity, such as border and reception areas or where refugees and migrants from Venezuela have settled. Regarding health, a number of interventions will be prioritized, such as the provision of health supplies and nutritional supplements, medical referrals, and strengthening of capacities to identify, prevent, and respond to communicable and non-communicable diseases. The provision of temporary shelter, including through various temporary modalities and rental subsidies, will also offer essential protection and assistance to those who need it most. WASH activities will be carried out to ensure access to clean water and sanitary services. IOM will also provide humanitarian transportation to the final destination of refugees and migrants, with special attention to vulnerable groups, to screening and reception centres to facilitate their access to documentation and basic services, including health and hygiene. Data collection and analysis on human mobility as well as the design of needs and vulnerability assessments tools through IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) will continue to be a major priority in order to inform decision-making and coordination. Data on the enjoyment of rights, needs, goods and services, with a particular focus on age and gender, will be collected and analysed. Changes in the context will also be closely monitored, especially if a greater number of refugees and migrants remain in or move to Ecuador due to developments in neighbouring countries.Beneficiaries:refugees, migrants and host communities in vulnerable situations
Area of Intervention 3: Socioeconomic and Cultural Integration
IOM's planned activities under Area of Intervention 3: Socioeconomic and cultural IntegrationAmount Requested: USD 46,627,457 Amount Received: USD 4,367,080Objective:IOM will aim to strengthen long-term, equal and consistent access to basic services, such as education and healthcare, while at the same time promoting integration of the arrivals and supporting host communities. This will focus on activities to support access to livelihoods, including access to the job market, facilitating access to documentation needed for employment, such as the validation of academic titles and labour experience, and the promotion of productive initiatives. IOM will also promote long-term access to services such as healthcare, education and clean water, through interventions in host communities that expand the availability and capacity of clinics, schools and water systems, among others. In addition, IOM's activities will include the promotion of social cohesion and efforts against discrimination and xenophobia, including anti-discrimination/anti-xenophobia campaigns and community-based projects to promote peaceful coexistence and dialogue between arrivals and host communities.Beneficiaries:refugees, migrants and host communities in vulnerable situations
Area of Intervention 4: Strengthening the Capacity of the Host Government
IOM's planned activities under Area of Intervention 4: Strengthening the capacity of the host governmentAmount Requested: USD 32,926,834 Amount Received: USD 9,401,442Objective:Under this area of intervention, IOM will focus on strengthening government institutions, including their information management and coordination mechanisms to facilitate decision-making at the local and national levels and reinforce institutional capacities. At border points, technical assistance will target border management, protection and health. For example, material support and training will be provided to government officials working on regularization and documentation. Government institutions will also be strengthened to be able to prevent, identify, and respond to cases of GBV, exploitation and abuse, as well as human trafficking and people smuggling. Mapping of existing services will be carried out to help build capacity and strengthen a range of services, including access to information, regularisation, legal assistance, health and education. Regarding information management and coordination, emphasis will be placed on establishing and formalizing local coordination mechanisms, including opportunities for cross-cutting collaboration. In general, partners plan to create more opportunities for government officials to participate in technical trainings, and enhance knowledge and coordination of the response.Beneficiaries:government and border officials and institutions
Regional Projects outside Areas of Intervention
IOM's planned activities under Regional Projects outside Areas of InterventionAmount Requested: USD 3,317,162 Amount Received: USD 4,781,499Objective:Regional Projects outside Areas of Intervention.Beneficiaries:humanitarian community
Area of Intervention 2: Protection
IOM's planned activities under Area of Intervention 2: ProtectionAmount Requested: USD 16,150,151 Amount Received: USD 1,515,086Objective:Under this area of intervention, IOM will focus on the provision of information and orientation on rights and procedures, support on access to documentation and regularization. IOM will work on the development and improvement of support spaces and activities for people with specific protection needs, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons (LGBTI), indigenous populations, and children, facilitating their access to services, and providing mental health and psychosocial support, among others. Activities in this area of intervention will also include support to the growing number of cases of abuse and exploitation in the labour market.Beneficiaries:refugees, migrants and host communities in vulnerable situations