Venezuela Regional Response 2018
In recent years, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has seen changes in its mobility processes. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has traditionally been a country of destination for thousands of migrants from Europe and South America; however, recent economic and political factors have shifted these patterns. It is estimated that the number of Venezuelans abroad rose from approximately 700,000 to more than 1,600,000 between 2015 and 2017. This large-scale migration in South America is demonstrated by a significant increase of Venezuelan nationals in the sub-continent - approximately 89,000 Venezuelan nationals in 2015; and up to 900,000 in 2017. In Central America and the Caribbean, the number of Venezuelan nationals doubled from around 50,000 in 2015 to more than 100,000 in 2017.
IOM and its partners foresee that an intensification of the outflows of Venezuelans is most likely to happen given recent developments in the country, especially regarding reported limitations to access to services in some areas such as health and food, lack of cash and political polarization. The trend implies continued and exacerbated challenges to host governments’ ability to respond according to national and international standards in data production and dissemination, institutional capacity and coordination, direct assistance as well as socio- economic integration.
Migration management institutions in the region are perceived as robust to address every day mobility dynamics. However, the large-scale and mixed flows of Venezuelan nationals is a new phenomenon for the region in terms of numbers, status, and diversification of destinations that has increasingly made evident the need for compatible operational frameworks, sharing of best practices and common situation monitoring platforms.
With a two- year Action Plan, IOM intends to support the governments in the region with adapting institutional arrangements to manage large scale Venezuelan migration flows in line with protection principles and sustainable development objectives. IOM has developed an activity framework focusing on four components that are responsive to the challenges in the region.
IOM in cooperation with host governments and partners has activated its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to capture, process and disseminate information in order to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of the Venezuelan nationals in the region. IOM enhanced its field work and data analysis capacity in the region to complement DTM findings and help produce reliable comprehensive information on the recent flows. For the capacity and coordination component, IOM at the regional level will guide work in producing a standardized set of capacity assessment tools and lead coordination efforts with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) building on its experience in best practice identification and dissemination and recent regional collaboration initiatives. Through the third component of Direct Assistance and Vulnerability, IOM will work to timely assist Venezuelan migrant women, men, boys and girls along their migration route and according to specific needs related to gender, ethnicity and vulnerability conditions. The Action Plan will support impacted government agencies and NGO partners to expand, complement and connect services that target needs, reduce the risk of trafficking in persons and smuggling, and guide their path towards successful socio-economic and cultural integration. IOM will also support governments in setting up or improving Migrant Support Centres in critical receiving municipalities and border entry points while providing Venezuelan migrants in most vulnerable situations with assistance in line with protection principles as well as referral services in all relevant sectors, including education, housing, health/mental health, livelihoods. IOM’s approach for the final component of Socio-Economic Integration focuses on strengthening the existing government and NGO partner arrangements for access to labour markets, entrepreneurship development and inter-cultural dialogue. Additionally, the Action Plan will complement current national responses with best practices in the region and remain flexible to new alternative arising from active social dialogue between the private sector, the government, NGOs and society at large.
Note: the projects below are part of IOM’s Venezuela Regional Action Plan 2018.
Contact Information: Contact Contact the Donor Relations Division Tel: +41.22.717.9111
EvaluationAmount Requested: USD 164,780 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Evaluation activities for this project will focus on fostering learning and adaptation in a multi-partner setting and will follow the guidance and recommendation of the United Nations Evaluation Group (UNEG) and IOM’ M&E Policy for their design and roll out. IOM proposes to prioritize key points under each evaluation criteria: i) questions related to the relevance of the project need to direct the attention towards a review of the Theory of Change supporting the project and to extent it is validated by its implementation; ii) questions regarding efficiency should examine coordination mechanisms between stakeholders, the adequacy of the design and roll out of the monitoring arrangements; iii) questions on effectiveness should help find explanations for the level of achievement of outputs and outcomes, based on participatory approaches to evaluation with project stakeholders. Case studies will complement quantitative data, interviews and focus groups that may be suitable to answer the effectiveness questions; iv) questions of Institutional, economic and social sustainability need to be answered for each project outcome and country considering their sectoral diversity and context specific determinants, and v) Under the gender cross cutting theme, the evaluation will assess the degree in which activities were designed and implemented based on gender analyses, touch upon the explanatory factors of gender inequalities and are responsive to the strategic and practical need of women, men, girls and boys, particularly those in vulnerable situations.
Venezuela Regional Response - Funding ReceivedAmount Requested: USD Amount Received: USD 10,463,146
Data Production and Dissemination
Data Production and DisseminationAmount Requested: USD 4,870,332 Amount Received: USDObjective:To reduce information gaps and provide solid basis for preparedness and response measures in impacted countries based on standardized and adapted versions of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). The DTM tools will capture more detailed data on vulnerability, case studies on risks of smuggling and trafficking in persons. Activities will include: i) Adapt the DTM toolbox to the regional flows; ii) Integrate in DTM vulnerability indicators, such as Gender Based Violence (GBV) and Trafficking in Persons (TIP) risks and other risks/factors associated with large scale Venezuelan migration; iii) Monitor trends of migrant smuggling and possibly emerging trafficking in persons, along the main migratory routes; and iv) Implement DTM rounds in transit and destination key areas following programmed or emerging data needs. The amount requested per IOM mission is as follows: Argentina (180.572); Brazil (321.000); Caribbean (188.469); Chile (227.273); Colombia (1.745.950); Costa Rica (166.016), Dominican Republic (219.190); Ecuador (295.609); Guyana (152.856); Mexico (193.576); Panama (237.514); Peru (255.255), Uruguay (0), Venezuela (0), RO Buenos Aires (367.678) and RO San Jose (319.374).
Capacity and Coordination
Capacity and CoordinationAmount Requested: USD 8,013,791 Amount Received: USDObjective:Promote a common approach and corresponding tools to assess capacity to manage large- scale migration capacity as a foundation for planning and programming at the regional level. activities will include: i) Produce an adaptable toolbox to assess national or local capacities to manage large scale migration in the border management documentation and regularization, health, education, housing, emergency response, inter-governmental coordination, employment and referral assistance; ii) Create or tailor Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) on border management documentation and regularization, health, employment and referral assistance; iii) Provide human resources or case processing equipment for migrant registration and document issuing; iv) Provide human resource or IT support for border management; v) Set up a technical secretariat for IOM-UNHCR coordination mechanisms at regional and national level; and vi) Adapt MigApp as a virtual hub for information integration and dissemination targeting Venezuelan migrants. The amount requested per IOM mission is as follows: Argentina (458.203); Brazil (321.000); Caribbean (393.958); Chile (224.138); Colombia (3.313.160); Costa Rica (264.117), Dominican Republic (31.313); Ecuador (509.104); Guyana (283.649); Mexico (105.862); Panama (574.631); Peru (419.752), Uruguay (87.049), Venezuela (528.402), RO Buenos Aires (328.361) and RO San Jose (171.093).
Direct Assistance and Vulnerability
Direct Assistance and VulnerabilityAmount Requested: USD 9,308,907 Amount Received: USDObjective:Reduce risks and vulnerabilities of Venezuelan and migrant women, men, boys, and girls through the provision of life-saving direct assistance. Activities will include: i) Support governments in setting up or improving Migrant Support Centres in critical receiving municipalities and border entry points; ii) Provide Migrant Support Centres (MSCs) with adequate information, materials and channels (including MigApp) to refer migrants to government and NGO sponsored labour and entrepreneurship services; iii) Provide temporary accommodation solutions in cases of high vulnerability; iv) Improve critical health and education infrastructure that expand the capacity to serve migrants in vulnerable situations; v) Provide non-food items to migrants in vulnerable situations responding to gender specific needs; and vi) Run awareness risk prevention campaigns in trafficking in persons, smuggling and irregular migration targeting migrants in vulnerable situations. The amount requested per IOM mission is as follows: Argentina (0); Brazil (2.354.000); Caribbean (362.441); Chile (235.110); Colombia (3.487.141); Costa Rica (338.070), Dominican Republic (62.626); Ecuador (381.007); Guyana (246.176); Mexico (105.862); Panama (559.690); Peru (389.972), Uruguay (0), Venezuela (0), RO Buenos Aires (513.064) and RO San Jose (273.749).
Socio-Economic IntegrationAmount Requested: USD 9,968,231 Amount Received: USDObjective:Reduce pressures on receiving communities while improving living conditions of Venezuelan migrants in the region by providing initiatives for local socio-economic and cultural integration. Activities include: i) Connect migrants to financial inclusion programmes; ii) Sponsor Venezuelan migrants' access to labour training and labour intermediation services; iii) Support peer networks focused on economic and social integration (emphasis on social networks) and monitor labour standards; iv) Support the establishment of communications and coordination channels between the health sector and the migration authorities; v) Carry out and disseminate labour market studies that identify opportunities for sustainable participation in local labour markets for Venezuelan migrants; and vi) Design and present to host governments alternatives to streamline recognition of skills and qualifications of Venezuelan migrants. The amount requested per IOM mission is as followsArgentina (161.225); Brazil (428.000); Caribbean (55.154); Chile (313.480); Colombia (4.853.748); Costa Rica (481.825), Dominican Republic (836.052); Ecuador (853.981); Guyana (17.334); Mexico (260.118); Panama (628.263); Peru (879.211), Uruguay (62.965), Venezuela (0), RO Buenos Aires (0) and RO San Jose (136.875).