Uganda is regularly affected by multiple natural and human-induced disasters. With 1.1 million refugees primarily from South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Uganda hosts the largest refugee caseload in Africa, followed by Ethiopia and Kenya. The continuous arrival of refugees into Uganda has increased pressure on public services already under strain in refugee hosting districts and the depletion of natural resources has prompted tensions between refugees and their host communities. While political instability, declining economies, as well as insecurity and ethnic violence continue to prevail in Uganda’s neighbouring countries, Uganda is estimated to receive over a hundred thousand more asylum seekers throughout 2019. Forced migration as a result of natural disasters and extreme weather patterns are expected to increase as the consequences of climate change become progressively evident. More recently in October 2018, over 12,000 people were affected by landslides in Uganda’s Eastern district of Bududa. Landslides in Eastern Uganda have killed hundreds of people and displaced thousands of others over the years.
Refugee flows, cross-border trade and routine interaction of border communities between Uganda and the DRC have further exacerbated the risk of the spreading of communicable diseases. The recently declared Ebola (EVD) outbreak in Congo’s eastern provinces of Ituri and North Kivu is an example. As of 6th of May 2019, there have been a total of 1,572 EVD cases (1,506 confirmed and 66 probable), including 1,045 deaths (overall case fatality ratio: 66.4%). Since the start of the vaccinations on the 8th August 2018, 111.920 persons have received the vaccine. The World Health Organization (WHO) has assessed the risk of the current EVD outbreak at national and regional level, as very high. All alerts in affected areas, in other provinces, and in neighbouring countries continue to be monitored and investigated. There is a potential risk for transmission of EVD at the national and regional levels due to extensive travel between the affected areas, the rest of the country, and neighbouring countries for economic and personal reasons as well as due to insecurity. The DRC is concurrently experiencing other epidemics (e.g. cholera, vaccine-derived poliomyelitis, malaria), and a long-term humanitarian crisis. Additionally, the security situation in North Kivu and Ituri at times limits the implementation of response activities. As the risk of national and regional spread is very high, it is important for neighbouring provinces and countries to enhance surveillance and preparedness activities. The International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) Emergency Committee has advised that failing to intensify these preparedness and surveillance activities would lead to worsening conditions and further spread. WHO will continue to work with neighbouring countries and partners to ensure that health authorities are alerted and are operationally prepared to respond. As Uganda’s preparedness efforts remain insufficient according to International Health Regulations (IHR), Uganda’s population will continue to be at high risk of infection in the coming months. With the imminent risk of spread of EVD to Uganda, IOM will continue to work with the Government and partners leading with WHO the Points of Entry preparedness coordination forum.
Due to the protracted nature of the refugee crisis that affects the region and more particularly Uganda, IOM will continue to prioritize the efficient use of limited resources to ensure interventions not only meet the needs of the current refugee caseload, but also of those new arrivals expected throughout 2019. IOM will promote self-reliance throughout its programmes in line with existing policies, frameworks and strategies such as the National Development Plan II, the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and the Refugee and Host Population Empowerment (ReHOPE) Strategy. IOM is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT) and Protection, WASH, Health, Shelter/NFI Sector Coordination meetings. IOM also works very closely with the host government. IOM has also been part of the Government-led National EVD Taskforce since the declaration of the outbreak in August 2018.
Along with interventions that seek to reduce the propagation of WASH-related diseases through improved access to safe water and sanitation facilities in both West Nile and South West Uganda, IOM will also increase its activities within vulnerable communities through awareness raising and sensitization on the risks of human trafficking within refugee hosting districts and through the provision of psychosocial assistance to refugee survivors of gender-based violence. IOM will further contribute towards a more targeted humanitarian and transitional response in Uganda through the provision of real-time data and information to the Government and partners, on cross-border mobility including cross-border population movements en-route to Uganda. Through the use of its Displacement Tracking Matrix, IOM will effectively reinforce information flows and the capacity of relevant actors in preparedness and response activities in anticipation of cross-border population movements. IOM will further engage in the Disaster Risk Management Taskforce to efficiently support the Government with its extensive experience in the evacuation of population at risk and response to those internally displaced due to natural disasters. IOM recognises the pressure on public services with the increasing number of refugees and migrants particularly in the Urban slums of Kampala and the resulting tension between the host population and these migrants. In contrast to refugees living in camps, most refugees in cities – known as urban refugees – do not receive any material assistance (such as food or shelter) from the U.N.’s refugee agency, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), or Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs). Instead, they are required to become self-reliant and live independently from aid. Such marginalization might increase the potential for violent extremism. IOM works to ensure social cohesion and stability in these populations while upholding the rights of all migrants in Kampala. To address some of the root causes of inter-communal disputes, IOM will work to increase livelihood opportunities through increased engagement with the private sector, promoting on the job trainings and job placements, as well as small-business start-ups where appropriate.
Note: The planned interventions are a part of the Uganda Country Refugee Response Plan 2019-2020.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 269,310 direct beneficiaries and 1,746,503 indirect beneficiaries.
Contact Information: Mr. Ali Abdi, Chief of Mission: firstname.lastname@example.org, Ms Erika De Bona, Programme Coordinator: email@example.com, Mr Yuji Kawai, M&E/Project officer: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://uganda.iom.int, Twitter: @IOM_Uganda, Facebook: IOM Uganda
IOM Offices: Main Office:Kampala, Sub-Offices: Nakivaale, Kyaka II, Kyangwali and Palorinya refugee settlements and Moroto in the Karamoja sub-region, Other Locations: Migration Health Assessment Centre (MHAC), Transit Centre for Refugees, and Canada Visa Application Centre in Kampala.
International Staff: 10
National Staff: 130
Resettlement assistance for refugeesAmount Requested: USD 7,800,289 Amount Received: USD 4,780,298Objective:Working with UNHCR, IOM works to support refugees whose choice of a durable solution is resettlement to a third country. IOM supports UNHCR with logistical support including transportation, cultural orientation, re-integration in third countries. IOM operates a transit centre in Kampala to support refugees from the settlements before they eventual travel to their destination countries.Beneficiaries:6,000 refugees
Health and Nutrition
Health and NutritionAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 717,544Objective:Improve access to emergency life-saving health services for new refugee arrivals including migrants. IOM aims to strengthen outbreak preparedness and response through increased capacity building to support national response and preparedness plans. This includes trainings to strengthen screening at PoEs, strengthening health border mobility management, and health promotion (including risk communication). IOM aims to improve national preparedness and Information Management (IM) for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) surveillance at Ugandan points of entry (PoE). IOM will contribute to the overall coordination on surveillance under the leadership of MoH and WHO through a three-pronged approach: i) Improved targeting of national preparedness and public health response strategies with comprehensive population mobility-related information; 2) Enhanced national and local capacity at PoEs to effectively prevent, detect and manage EVD and other health risks through training for border and health personnel, screening and surveillance; and 3) Strengthen capacities to raise alerts and improve reaction to possible health threats across the border through improved coordination on PoE at the local and national level.Beneficiaries:450 government officials and health screeners trained (10,000 indirect beneficiaries screened every day)
Health Assessment and Travel Assistance
Migration Health AssessmentAmount Requested: USD 3,113,001 Amount Received: USD 1,894,354Objective:IOM provides Migration Health Assessment, travel assistance, pre-departure presumptive treatment for refugees and migrants travelling to third countries.Beneficiaries:10,000 direct beneficiaries (7,000 refugees and 3,000 migrants)
Livelihoods and Resilience
Community StabilisationAmount Requested: USD 8,190,000 Amount Received: USD 1,435,417Objective:IOM aims to improve resilience of migrant communities in the urban slums of Kampala. IOM will achieve this through the provision of psychosocial support, increased access to livelihood opportunities supported through skills training, job placement and small business start-ups. Cooperatives are very instrumental in the creation of community-level institutions that improve access to credit facilities for migrant communities. IOM supports the capacity building of the Uganda Police Force (UPF) that works to facilitate the process of achievement of social cohesion through reduced crime rates in slum populations, while paying special emphasis to safeguard the human rights of all slum residents. These are facilitated through trainings, community dialogues/townhall meetings, school engagements through Music, Dance and Drama and community drive-arounds and media campaigns. Through the project, IOM improves community resilience through demand and supply-side accountability for the provision of social services. In the RRP, the amount requested for South Sudan emergency response is 4,550,000 USD and for DRC is 3,640,000 USD. The amount received by the EU is for a 12-month period (starting from Sept 2018- Aug 2019) at 1,228,571 EUR and limited to Kampala only. USG gave 55,000 USD for similar activities in Kampala.Beneficiaries:1,330 direct beneficiaries (29,783 indirect beneficiaries)
Protection - Strengthen prevention and protection of Victims of Trafficking (VoTs)Amount Requested: USD 1,430,000 Amount Received: USD 251,000Objective:Strengthen prevention and protection of Victims of Trafficking (VoTs) through assessment of trends, enhanced referral mechanism for VoTs, capacity development for border officials and civil society organizations and improved direct assistance to identified VoTs or those at heightened risk of being trafficked.Beneficiaries:1,000 direct beneficiaries and 17,000 indirect beneficiaries benefiting from awareness-raising activities
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
WASHAmount Requested: USD 10,725,000 Amount Received: USD 1,866,272Objective:Increase access to safe water, and sanitation and hygiene facilities within refugee hosting districts to meet the immediate needs of new arrivals, as well as of those living in protracted displacement. IOM will therefore seek to optimize water supply systems, support waste management including faecal sludge management, rehabilitate and construct institutional and household latrines, conduct comprehensive hygiene promotion activities, provide dignity and WASH NFI kits, and promote operation and maintenance policy and practice with district local governments for sustainable use of WASH facilities. IOM will seek to achieve the latter by supporting the establishment and training of settlement water and sanitation management boards, building the capacity of catchment management committees and through active private sector engagement.Beneficiaries:250,000 direct beneficiaries (including beneficiaries of hygiene promotion)
Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) - UgandaAmount Requested: USD 150,000 Amount Received: USD 37,500Objective:Provide emergency transitional assistance including return and reintegration assistance to vulnerable migrants identified in Uganda.Beneficiaries:80 stranded migrants
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Displacement TrackingAmount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 243,122Objective:Enhance targeted humanitarian and transitional response in Uganda through real-time data and information on South Sudanese and Congolese cross-border mobility, including population movements en-route to Uganda. Reinforce information flow and the capacity of relevant actors in planning, preparedness and response to incidents that prompt mass migration or to identify at-risk districts for potential disease outbreaks.Beneficiaries:139,060 indirect beneficiaries per month
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Disaster Risk ReductionAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Strengthen capacity to prepare and respond to natural disasters through increased participation in the National Taskforce and assistance to displaced populations. Cash as an assistance modality will be evaluated where feasible to improve efficient assistance and empower beneficiaries to make choices and prioritize their own needs.Beneficiaries:50 direct beneficiaries and 20,000 indirect beneficiaries
Psychosocial assistanceAmount Requested: USD 335,000 Amount Received: USD 235,216Objective:IOM will provide assistance to refugees who are victims of SGBV and torture through psychosocial counselling, child protection and medical assistance. The target population will be urban refugees' survivors of SGBV and torture or those at heightened risk thereof, including women, men and children.Beneficiaries:400 direct beneficiaries (refugees and hosting population) and 1,000 indirect beneficiaries