Uganda is now Africa's largest refugee hosting country with over 1.4 million refugees as of April 2018, the majority of whom originate from South Sudan (1,053,598) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (276,570). Uganda also hosts refugees from Burundi, Somalia and other countries. With an unanticipated influx of over 74,000 refugees from the DRC between January and April 2018, a further increase is expected in 2018, mainly as the civil unrest and human rights violations continue to be reported in DRC’s Ituri province and in North and South Kivu in the eastern part of the DRC. The continuous stream of arrivals from the DRC has surpassed the 2018 operational planning figure of 60,000 new Congolese refugee arrivals, with partners currently operating under the worst-case scenario of 200,000 additional DRC arrivals throughout 2018. Simultaneously, over 21,000 refugees have arrived from South Sudan since January 2018 to settle, mainly, in Uganda’s West Nile region. Over 80% of the newly arrived refugees are women and children.
The continuous growth of Uganda’s refugee population and the limited resources available to respond to their needs is placing an unquestionable strain on already restricted basic services within the refugee hosting districts, further contributing towards mounting tensions between the refugee community and members of the hosting districts. Moreover, as the political and humanitarian crises in Uganda’s neighboring countries continue, the prospect of refugees returning to their countries of origin any time soon becomes slimmer.
In light of the above, IOM has been working to support the Government of Uganda (GoU) to maximize the limited resources available to respond to the situation by designing interventions which seek to meet the most immediate needs within an emergency response, but that are also sustainable and secure the longer-term well-being of refugees, seeking their self-sufficiency in line with existing policies, frameworks and strategies such as the National Development Plan II (NDPII), the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and the Refugee and Host Population Empowerment (ReHOPE) strategy.
In 2018, along with IOM’s continued interventions which seek to reduce the propagation of WASH related diseases through improved access to sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion, as well as through the provision of increased access to safe water through the construction of piped water systems and production wells in refugee settlements and refugee hosting districts in the West Nile and South West Uganda, IOM will extend its operations to other areas where it has expertise working with vulnerable communities. As such, IOM will further seek to continue its work against Trafficking in Persons (TiP) and it will endeavor to continue with its health promotion activities within refugee hosting communities. To address some of the root causes of inter-communal disputes, IOM will work to increase livelihood opportunities through small business start-ups, job placements and skills training with the active engagement of the private sector. IOM will further contribute towards a more targeted humanitarian and transitional response in Uganda through providing real-time data and information to the Government and partners, on cross-border mobility including cross-border population movements’ en-route to Uganda. Through use of its Displacement Tracking Matrix. IOM will effectively reinforce information flow and the capacity of relevant actors in planning preparedness and response activities to cross-border population movements.
IOM has built a strong working relationship with the Government of Uganda (GoU) in the implementation of the various projects within refugee settlements. In addition, IOM has established strong partnerships with the Oﬃce of the Prime Minister (OPM), as well as with the Ministry of Internal and Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development as well as with the district local governments. IOM is an active member of the inter-agency humanitarian working groups and works in coordination with the corresponding government stakeholders, UN agencies and NGOs.
Note: the projects below are part of the South Sudan 2018 Regional Refugee Response Plan as well as the Democratic Republic of the Congo 2018 Regional Refugee Response Plan. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 162,400 refugees and members of the host communities
IOM Offices: Country Office: Kampala; Sub-Offices: Nakivaale, Kyaka II, Kyangwali, Palorinya and Yumbe
International Staff: 6
National Staff: 104
- A total of 45,980 individuals benefitted from WASH services including through the construction of 12 blocks of institutional latrines, four bathing shelters, two placenta pits and incinerators in Palorinya settlement, Moyo District. IOM facilitated construction of 4,824 household latrines in Palorinya settlement, Moyo District.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Strengthening WASH Service Delivery for Refugees and Host Communities in UgandaAmount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,469,135Objective:Implement sustainable and cost-effective WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) interventions at the two refugee hosting settlements of Kyanwali and Kyaka II, as well as improved sanitation coverage at Palorinya.Beneficiaries:82,700 South Sudanese and Congolese refugees and members of host communities
Strengthening emergency WASH response for refugees and host communities in Palorinya and Kyaka II settlementsAmount Requested: USD 1,800,000 Amount Received: USD 1,100,000Objective:Provide life-saving, sustainable access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene services to South Sudanese and Congolese refugees in Palorinya and Kyaka II settlements and their host communities in Moyo and Kyegegwa districts respectively.Beneficiaries:60,000 refugees and members of the host community
Emergency sanitation, hygiene and protection assistance to Congolese refugeesAmount Requested: USD 600,000 Amount Received: USD 499,729Objective:Improve emergency sanitation, hygiene and protection assistance to affected Congolese refugees in Kyangwali refugee settlement and vulnerable host communities. Additionally, IOM will conduct a Humanitaran Border Management training for government officials in collaboration with UNHCR and support the work of the Marine Police Force in search and rescue operations to assist refugees crossing Lake Albert from DRC and emergency first aid and rescue trainings.Beneficiaries:12,000 refugees and members of the host community
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Increase access to livelihood opportunities for refugees and members of the hosting districts through private sector engagementAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 55,000Objective:Improve the socio-economic welfare and resilience of refugees and members of the hosting district through access to employment and by engaging the private sector in refugee resilience and self-reliance. IOM will act as an intermediary to address the existing information and knowledge gaps in the labour market that deter refugees from employment. Refugees and members of the hosting districts have increased access to livelihood opportunities through skills training and job placement and small business start-ups.Beneficiaries:600 refugees and members of the host community
Increased health promotion and primary health care services in refugee hosting districtsAmount Requested: USD 2,500,000 Amount Received: USD 235,216Objective:Conduct increased health and hygiene sensitization campaigns among refugee and host communities and decrease propagation of communicable diseases and increase access to primary health care services among underserved hosting districts.Beneficiaries:12,000 refugees and members of the host community
Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Strengthening capacities to counter Trafficking in Persons (TiP) in the humanitarian responseAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 955,755Objective:Strengthen prevention and protection to Victims of Trafficking (VoTs) at the onset of the emergency as well as throughout the response through assessment of trends, enhanced referral mechanism for VoTs, capacity development for border officials and civil society organizations and improved direct assistance to identified VoTs.Beneficiaries:20,000 individuals
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Provide real-time data and information to the GoU and partners, on cross-border mobility including cross-border population movements’ en-route to UgandaAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 200,011Objective:Enhance targeted humanitarian and transitional response in Uganda through providing real-time data and information on South Sudanese and Congolese cross-border mobility including cross-border population movements’ en-route to Uganda, thus effectively reinforcing information flow and the capacity of relevant actors in planning, preparedness and response in cross-border population movements.Beneficiaries:All relevant government institutions and CSOs