Turkey hosts the world’s largest number of refugees and asylum-seekers. According to figures provided by Turkey’s Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM), there are approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals residing in Turkish territory and seeking for international protection. Most of them are Syrians, of whom 2,823,987 were granted with temporary protection status. According to UNHCR another group of foreign nationals requiring Turkish humanitarian and legal protection are 291,209 asylum applicants coming mainly from Iraq, Afghanistan, Iran, and Somalia among others. In addition, there are 422,895 foreign nationals under residency permit status including humanitarian residence holders.
The Government of Turkey officially maintains an “open door policy” towards Syrians, while Turkey’s Syrian border is increasingly strictly managed due to, inter alia, security concerns. Over 90 percent of Syrians in Turkey live in host communities, dispersed across 81 provinces mostly concentrated in the south east of Turkey. The remaining 10 percent live in camps managed by AFAD (Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency). Syrians in Turkey are under Temporary Protection Regime that provides them with access to basic rights and services; however poverty remains prevalent among the Syrian population due to the lack of access to a regular income, and the high cost of living in urban settings. As highlighted in the refugee and resilience response plan (3RP), many families have resorted to negative coping mechanisms, such as child marriage, polygamy, child labour, reduced quality/quantity of food consumption, substandard housing, and street begging.
Since the beginning of the crisis, IOM Turkey has been involved in the provision of humanitarian assistance. IOM Turkey is part of the Syria Task Force, inter-sectoral coordination mechanism while also being an active member of six working groups (Basic Needs, Protection, Health, Education, Food Security and livelihood) at national level (Ankara) as well in the south east of Turkey. Recently, IOM started to lead the task force on winterization and shelter. IOM is also active in the Aegean region through its presence in Izmir and co-chairing the Mediterranean task force with UNHCR.
IOM works in coordination with UNCT, AFAD, and DGMM, and with relevant with ministries.
Note: the projects below are in line with the 3RP Regional Refugee Response plan (Jan 2017- Dec 2018) http://www.3rpsyriacrisis.org/ and RMRP Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (Jan 2017- Dec 2017)) http://data.unhcr.org/mediterranean/regional.php developed by the Humanitarian Country Team.
Contact Information: Mr Lado GVILAVA, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org . Mr Mazen ABOULHOSN, Emergency Coordinator, email@example.com
IOM Offices: Country Office: Ankara; Sub-Offices: Istanbul, Gaziantep, Izmir; Presence in Hatay, Sanliurfa, Adiyaman.
International Staff: 35
National Staff: 325
In 2016, IOM Turkey supported a total of 393,761 vulnerable Syrian refugees through multi-dimensional and complementary activities:
- IOM assisted 10,828 Syrian refugee students in southeast Turkey with school transportation to ease their access to education. Of these, 2,365 students in Hatay also benefited from free education at a temporary education center supported by IOM.
- IOM fulfilled Syrian refugees’ most urgent needs for living through the provision of NFIs, hygiene kits and winterization items (155,219), cash assistance (72,804), shelter solutions (28,193), livelihood opportunities (21,707), WASH services (9,516) and daily hot meals (6,000).
- IOM enhanced the resilience of Syrian refugees by providing psychosocial support (23,444), tailored case management services (5,203), and legal assistance (2,603). IOM also ensured their rights to health through the provision of primary health consultations (43,794) and transportation to health facilities (12,085).
Basic Needs and Essential Services
Shelter Rehabilitation and rental assistance ShelterAmount Requested: USD 1,300,000 Amount Received: USD 1,257,118Objective:rehabilitation of homes for 12,500 vulnerable refugees living in poor housing in and around South East Turkey and provision of rental assistance for extremely vulnerable households.Beneficiaries:12,500 vulnerable refugees living in poor housing
Multi-purpose cash assistance for extremely vulnerable households living in rural areasAmount Requested: USD 7,900,000 Amount Received: USD 1,186,787Objective:Provision of multi-purpose cash assistance for 15,000 extremely vulnerable households living in rural areas.Beneficiaries:15,000 extremely vulnerable households living in rural areas
Emergency non-food items for new comers or those in urgent need of in-kind supportAmount Requested: USD 1,875,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provision of emergency non-food items, including hygiene kits and other identified basic needs for 10,000 new comers or those in urgent need of in-kind support.Beneficiaries:10,000 new comers or those in urgent need of in-kind support
One time cash assistance for most vulnerable and potential new arrivals living outside of camps to purchase NFI, winterization and other basic needsAmount Requested: USD 8,850,000 Amount Received: USD 4,815,892Objective:Provision of one time cash assistance for 144,000 most vulnerable and potential new arrivals living outside of camps to purchase NFI, winterization and other basic needs.Beneficiaries:144,000 most vulnerable refugees and potential new arrivals living outside of camps.
Support of food kitchen initiative in GaziantepAmount Requested: USD 1,150,000 Amount Received: USD 342,809Objective:Provision of hot meals on daily basis through the food kitchen established by the governor in Gaziantep to 6,000 vulnerable Syrian, Iraqi, Afghan and Iranian refugees as well as host community member living outside camps.Beneficiaries:6,000 vulnerable Syrian, Iraqi, Afghan and Iranian refugees as well as host community
Medical commodities to health care facilitiesAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provision of medical commodities and supplies to health care facilities as and when requested by MoH for 5,000 Syrian Refugees.Beneficiaries:5,000 Syrian Refugees
Support to primary health care clinicsAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provision of primary health care to 50,000 Syrian refugees living outside camps through NGOs in the south east of Turkey.Beneficiaries:50,000 Syrian refugees living outside camps
Livelihoods and Social Cohesion
Vocational Training to Syrians with the Chambers of Commerce and IndustriesAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support Vocational Training to 500 Syrian refugees in coordination with the Chambers of Commerce and Industries, Halk egtim and municipalities.Beneficiaries:500 Syrian Refugees
Conflict management and social interaction activitiesAmount Requested: USD 1,250,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provision of conflict management and social interaction activities between the refugee community and host communities to 75,000 Syrian refugees and host community members.Beneficiaries:75,000 Syrian refugees and host community members
Community Based ProtectionAmount Requested: USD 500,000 Amount Received: USD 163,032Objective:Provision of community based protection services through mobile outreach teams who will provide psychosocial support, awareness raising social work and case management for 50,000 Syrian Refugees focusing on rural areas.Beneficiaries:50,000 Syrian Refugees