Since the political crisis began in Burundi in April 2015, the population of refugees fleeing to Tanzania from Burundi has grown to over 210,000. In October- December 2016 alone, nearly 30,000 refugees arrived in Tanzania from Burundi, compared to just over 10,000 refugees who arrived in May-July 2016. As the sector lead agency for the safe and dignified transportation of refugees within the United Nations Country Management Team response, IOM has transported these individuals after conducting health screening from the border to one of three camps in Western Tanzania: Nyarugusu, Nduta or Mtendeli, in accordance with Tanzania’s encampment policy. Priority is given to vulnerable refugees such as pregnant women, the elderly and unaccompanied children. In 2017, IOM will continue to provide dignified transportation assistance to new arrivals from Burundi. The border region between in the North-West of the country (Kigoma and Kagera regions) is currently home to over 300,000 Burundian and Congolese refugees, whose cramped living conditions in the refugee camps currently pose a threat to their health and to that of the surrounding host communities. In addition, cholera continues to be endemic to the region and has been identified in that same region in recent months. Finally, as the poorest region in Tanzania, Kigoma is also a primary region of origin for victims of trafficking in Tanzania. Victims are often promised a better life in the urban centers of Dodoma and Dar es Salaam. In addition, the instability of the neighboring countries has allowed traffickers to move their victims freely across the border to Tanzania and from there, to other countries in the region and in the world.
Following a Joint Communique on the Voluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees in Tanzania was signed during the 19th Tripartite Commission Meeting (the United Republic of Tanzania, the Republic of Burundi, and UNHCR) on 31 August 2017, IOM in cooperation with UNHCR will provide transportation assistance, including fitness to travel checks, and transport from Nduta refugee camp in Tanzannia to transit centres in Burundi, where colleagues in Burundi will take over.
Within the transportation sector, IOM's activities are closely coordinated with UNHCR as the overall lead agency of the response, the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and UNHCR for coordination with camp management, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) as well as Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF) for coordination on the referral of sick refugees, the International Rescue Committee (IRC), CARE and other partners for communication and service delivery coordination at the border entry points as well as for family reunification, and the African Initiative for Relief and Development (AIRD) for the logistical side of the operations (in particular luggage handling). However, at present IOM is the only agency organizing health screening and providing transport assistance for refugees in support of their onward movement to selected camp sites.
Note: the projects above are in line with the Burundi Regional Response Plan (January - December 2017) and Voluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees in Tanzania Appeal (7 September - 31 December 2017). Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 534,350
Contact Information: Dr. Qasim Sufi, Chief of Mission, email@example.com, Ms. Tamara Keating, Programme Coordinator, firstname.lastname@example.org]. Website: https://tanzania.iom.int/ Tel: +255 22 260 2913/2935
IOM Offices: Country Office: Dar es Salaam; Sub-Offices: Kigoma and Moshi. The Bukoba team is currently based in the regional Tanzanian Red Cross Office in Bukoba, Kagera.
International Staff: 13
National Staff: 172
- IOM provided transport by land and water to over 130,000 refugees who fled from Burundi. They were transported to the camps in safety in dignity, having completed fit-to-travel checks carried out by IOM medical staff. Sick and vulnerable persons were referred to specialized assistance services. The number indicated above also includes IOM’s relocation movements from overcrowded camps and family reunification movements.
- IOM successfully led the inter-agency-UNDAC team to conduct an in-depth field assessment of the effects of the Kagera earthquake in October 2016. Subsequently, IOM distributed shelter and non-food item kits to 1,250 households.
Transport Assistance for Affected Populations
Voluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees in TanzaniaAmount Requested: USD 450,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Aiming for a three-day pre-departure logistical preparation window, IOM Tanzania will carry out the following support operations for return assistance: Day 1) IOM operations and medical teams at the departure centre will support the arrival of refugees and their belongings (transport from Mtendeli and Nyaragusu refugee camps to Ndtua will be facilitated by UNHCR). Day 2) IOM medical teams will conduct fitness to travel checks. After the government representatives have finished conducting luggage checks, IOM’s operations team will proceed to label, seal, sort and secure baggage, as well as creating manifest lists, which will be shared with all relevant operational partners Day 3) After providing a meal, the IOM teams will help refugees board busses, while cross-checking manifest lists. Separate convoys with busses, and trucks to transport luggage will depart an hour before the convoy with returnees. Once the transit centres in Burundi are reached, IOM Burundi takes over from IOM Tanzania in coordination with representatives from the Burundian government, as well as UNHCR.Beneficiaries:12,000 Burundian refugees
Counter-trafficking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants
Enhancing the Response to Trafficking in Persons in Kigoma region, TanzaniaAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 376,377Objective:This project is part of a larger Joint Programme of the United Nations contributing to the roll-out of the comprehensive National Plan of Action to end Violence Against Women and Children (NPA-VAWC) (2017/2018 €“ 2021/2022) in the North-West of Tanzania (Kigoma Region, bordering Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo). The objective of the activities for which IOM still seeks funding is to support efforts to eliminate trafficking in persons through specialized training and capacity building of law enforcement (including personnel inside the refugee camps) the judiciary, social welfare officers, NGOs, as well as awareness-raising in schools and in the media and dialogues with local communities, especially in the remote rural areas. In addition, IOM Tanzania seeks to ensure that there is at least one specialized safe shelter for victims of trafficking in place in the region. Family tracing and reunification services will also be provided. Finally, the project will enhance inter-ministerial coordination by facilitating coordination meetings and site visits of the Anti-Trafficking Committee and by revitalizing existing service referral mechanisms for victims through case studies and role-plays during workshops with relevant stakeholders.Beneficiaries:3,000 schoolchildren (50% boys, 50% girls), 150 teachers (50% men, 50% women), 50 victims of trafficking (75% girls and women, 25% boys and men), 150 beneficiaries from NGO and government ministries/ departments (50% men, 50% women)
Conducting a comprehensive health needs assessment among refugees, migrants and host communities in Northwest TanzaniaAmount Requested: USD 50,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The proposed health needs assessment seek to assess and document the current health needs, service delivery gaps and barriers of access to health care services among migrants€™ population and host communities in Northwest Tanzania. The activities will include recruitment and training of the assessment team and carry out of institutional mapping/health facility assessment focusing on the available health services; in-depth interviews focusing on selected key informants in the sites; and focus group discussions with men and women, representing different categories of migrants as well as members of the host communities.Beneficiaries:The assessment will lead to development of health promotion and assistance for beneficiaries as outlined below
Emergency psychosocial mental health and psychosocial support at border entry pointsAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Capacity building for Tanzanian medical staff to providing emergency psychosocial assistance and medical assistance, in particular to victims of gender-based violence. The medical personnel will be able to undertake Psychological First Aid (PFA), lay counselling, and identification and referral. The objective is to provide specialized immediate emergency assistance for arriving women, girls, boys, and men who have fled their homes and become victims of assault or other such crimes with severe physical and psychological consequences. Prior to departure to the refugee camps, IOM€™s trained health practitioners will counsel the survivors to bring their cases to the attention of specialized agencies providing longer-term assistance in the camps, and refer them to the existing care providers upon arrival.Beneficiaries:1,000 (estimated 750 girls and women, and 250 boys and men; estimated 80% children under 18)
Enhancing health promotion and assistance to migrants and host communities in the Northwest TanzaniaAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 25,000Objective:The health assistance project aims to address the health needs of individual migrants as well as the public health needs of host communities by assisting governmental and non-governmental partners in the development and implementation of robust of health promotion and disease prevention interventions. The activities will include capacity building of heath and non-health services providers, health service delivery, and awareness raising and demand creation activities.Beneficiaries:230,000 individuals, including refugees, migrants, and host communities in Kigoma, Kagera and Mwanza regions of Tanzania. The estimated gender breakdown is 50% men and 50% women, with around 60% of the beneficiaries under the age of 18.
Technical Assistance for Humanitarian Border Management
Operationalizing the Comprehensive Migration Management Strategy: Migrant Registration and Regularization in North-West TanzaniaAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The conceptual basis of the registration exercise is the Tanzanian Government€™s €œComprehensive Migration Management Strategy€ (COMMIST), which was formulated by the Tanzanian Immigration Services Department and outlines the steps and procedures in the electronic registration of migrants in Western Tanzania. This project sets out to undertake this verification exercise for the 22,282 migrants registered to date in Kigoma region as the second phase of a pilot project conducted in 2014/2015, and register an estimated 200,000 migrants in Kigoma, Geita and /or Kagera regions. Awareness-raising and capacity building for immigration officials and regional, district and village authorities will form other key activities in this project, in order to ensure that the project objectives are well understood and correctly implemented. The initiative is line with the government€™s digital ID management programme for the country.Beneficiaries:200,000 irregular migrants living in Kagera, Kigoma and Geita regions of Tanzania