Sudan faces two major overlapping challenges in terms of crises: one triggered by complex and protracted conﬂicts leading to wide scale population displacement and disruption of everyday life; and another due to climatic and sociocultural conditions leading to crisis levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. At the end of 2017, the humanitarian situation remains critical as protracted internal conﬂicts continue to affect certain regions of Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile. Affected populations continue to suffer due to a lack of or limited access to basic services and disruption of livelihoods especially in the agricultural sector. The conﬂict in South Sudan has also resulted in thousands of South Sudanese refugees crossing the borders into Darfur and Kordofan seeking protection assistance, and stretching already limited resources within host communities. In Jebel Marra, the conﬂict involving the government and armed movement (SPLA/AA) has resulted in mass casualties and population displacement of IDPs to safer areas of North, South and Central Darfur. Approximately 45,000 South Sudanese have also sought refuge in the more secure areas of Darfur. The displacement situation in Kordofan differs from that of Darfur, where formal IDP camps and sites are non-existent. Therefore, the affected population (IDPs and South Sudanese refugees) are scattered in different towns, rural areas and regions, some controlled by armed groups. As a result, more than 157,250 newly displaced IDPs and 76,900 South Sudanese refugees are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance across Sudan.
In total, approximately 2.2 million IDPs, 695,000 refugees, 105,000 returnees, and other migrants are in need of humanitarian assistance in 2018. IOM plans to continue working with the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), OCHA, other UN agencies, NGOs and government counterparts such as the Commissioner of Refugees (COR), Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) to address the need and gaps in basic services and provide life-saving assistance to the most vulnerable IDPs, returnees and refugees in North, South, East, West and Central Darfur; as well as South and West Kordofan and Eastern Sudan (Kassala, Gedaref, and Red sea states) as necessary. Support will include but is not limited to: camp management and displacement tracking, healthcare, water and sanitation, shelter, food security and livelihoods. IOM supports OCHA and other organizations by providing information on population movement and vulnerabilities through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and is an active member of the Information Management Working Group (IMWG). The information collected on these vulnerable communities will be used by many organizations to plan targeted interventions such as distribution of shelter and non-food items.
In Sudan, malnutrition rates are already above emergency threshold levels and outbreaks of disease are also of particular concern as they place further pressure on an underdeveloped health sector. Furthermore, food insecurity has been exacerbated by environmental degradation and climate change. Therefore, IOM will work with the relevant sector leads to improve access to basic services including water and sanitation, healthcare and seek to provide livelihood opportunities for affected populations to build their resilience. These interventions will target people that have been: 1) newly displaced; 2) living in protracted displacement conditions; 3) forced into secondary displacement, and/or; 4) motivated to migrate irregularly to other countries seeking alternatives. As the co-lead of the Recovery, Return and Reintegration (RRR) Sector, IOM will also provide transition and recovery support for IDPs and returnees to assist them to progress towards durable solutions that include local integration or reintegration in their communities of origin.
Overall, the needs in Sudan are driven by deep rooted causes that are unlikely to be resolved in the next few years such as: political and socio-cultural inequalities, and a struggling economy which continues to hinder socio-economic growth. Therefore, the provision of life-saving initiatives with transition and recovery and development oriented approaches are necessary to continue addressing critical needs and gaps, increasing individual self-reliance and community resilience while bridging the growing funding gap as more Level 3 crises emerge in the MENA region.
South Sudanese Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) 2018: For South Sudanese people displaced by the conflict in their country returning to South Sudan is not considered a viable option. Therefore, the Government of Sudan has granted new arrivals refugees status and is allowing safe and unrestricted access to its territory for those in need, ensuring their immediate protection and safety within its borders as per the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed between UNHCR and COR in September 2016. In principle, the Four Freedoms Agreement, supported by the President of Sudan, allows South Sudanese refugees to move, reside, work and own property in Sudan, while maintaining their unique and historical ties to the country. However, implementation is not fully in place, with increasing political pressure in some areas for encampment and movement restrictions. The response strategy for 2018 will therefore focus on assistance for new arrivals, while at the same time addressing the ongoing needs of the existing refugee caseload. In this context, the three main objectives for 2018 are: Objective 1: Maintain an emergency response capacity to ensure immediate protection responses and address the urgent needs of new arrivals; Objective 2: Stabilize the existing programme to achieve at least minimum emergency standards across sectors, particularly by enhancing further integration with national response mechanisms; and Objective 3: Promote sustainable solutions for refugees through self-reliance and host community support, and create linkages to national development plans.
Multi Year Humanitarian Strategy (MYHS) 2017 – 2019: This strategy aims to strengthen partnership and coordination between the Government of Sudan, the UN and other partner organizations and is vital to ensuring that life-saving assistance is provided to people affected by emergencies and that their fundamental wellbeing and dignity is preserved while strengthening the self-reliance and resilience of affected people living in protracted crises situations. The 2017-2019 MYHS in Sudan makes linkages with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and other national and regional strategies, and is expected to strengthen complementarity between humanitarian and development initiatives. By capitalizing on the impact of life-saving interventions and strategically linking the emergency response to resilience, development, and peacebuilding programming, the strategy’s overall objective is to gradually reduce the number of people in Sudan who are in need of humanitarian assistance. The humanitarian country team has agreed to three strategic outcomes to meet this overall objective: Outcome 1: Populations affected by natural or man-made disasters receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of the shock; Outcome 2: Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and / or access essential basic services while increasing their self-reliance; and Outcome 3: Vulnerable residents in targeted areas have improved nutrition status and increased resilience.
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2018, Sudan Multi-Year Humanitarian Strategy 2017-2019 and the South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan, January - December 2018.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2,768,500 individuals, including 1,538,500 IDPs, 300,000 refugees, 603,000 returnees, and 327,000 host communities
Contact Information: Catherine Northing, Chief of Mission, Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, Telephone: +249 156 554 600 / 1 / 2, Fax: +249 156 554 605 IOM Website: https://www.sudan.iom.int/, Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/IOMSudan, Twitter: https://twitter.com/IOMSudan
IOM Offices: Country Office – Khartoum, Khartoum State. Sub-Offices: El Fasher - North Darfur State; Geneina – West Darfur State; Nyala – South Darfur State; El Fula – West Kordofan State; Kadugli – South Kordofan State; Abyei – Abyei PCA. Other locations IOM carries out activities: Kassala State, Gedaref State, Red Sea State, Central and East Darfur States
International Staff: 17
National Staff: 150
- Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): IOM conducted over 83 DTM missions to more than 150 sites within 37 localities in the five states of Darfur and South and West Kordofan States; where a total of 472,022 individuals affected by man-made or natural disasters were registered and / or verified to receive life-saving services including: 178,392 IDPs, 211,279 returnees, 78,500 South Sudanese refugees and 3,851 fire-affected people.
- Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (ES/NFI): A total of 109,464 vulnerable disaster-aﬀected individuals in Darfur states and South Kordofan received assistance. 1,510 households were provided with enhanced protection through the construction of improved emergency shelters, 18,751 households were assisted with NFIs and 630 households were provided transitional shelters.
- Health: Managed fixed and mobile clinics in the Darfur region that offered the minimum basic health package (MBHP) including treatment of communicable/ non-communicable diseases, maternal and child care, and health promotion activities benefiting over 150,000 vulnerable people. 422 health workers were also trained on case identification and management, infection prevention and control in isolation centers, community surveillance, updated treatment protocols, and general public health topics such as the benefits of immunization.
- Nutrition: The outpatient therapy (OPT) nutrition center established in Um Baru, North Darfur and West Darfur that reached 21,496 beneficiaries including: screening 1,016 children under five years for malnutrition, treating 4,809 identified cases of acute malnutrition, and reaching 140 health workers, 1,981 care givers and 15,000 members of the host community with awareness campaigns on nutrition related topics including improving infant young child feeding practices.
- Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): Provided emergency assistance to 227,077 beneficiaries by increasing access to safe water, safe sanitation facilities and by carrying out hygiene and garbage collection campaigns. The provision of these services allowed IOM to respond to crises such as the outbreak of Acute Watery Diarrhea.
- Rapid Response Fund (RRF): IOM worked with implementing partners to respond to humanitarian emergencies in four States across three sectors (Health, WASH, and NFIs). Support reached approximately 523,200 direct and indirect crisis affected individuals.
- Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL): A total 2,120 households (1,008 from returnee communities and 1,112 from host communities) were supported through agricultural extension services including: provision of agriculture tools, seed, and pest control / land management training to improve crop production. Livestock focused interventions including: training community animal health workers to vaccinate livestock and providing awareness campaigns on effective animal husbandry practices.
- Community Stabilization: Provided capacity building training to local authorities and facilitated community dialogue workshops to support better management of resources, reduce conflict among sedentary and pastoral communities and foster social cohesion. Provided rehabilitation of communal institutions in East Darfur including: a women and Youth Centre in Ed Daein, a health facility and a primary school in Abu Karinka, and the fencing of the main cattle market in Bahr al Arab as peace dividends.
Displacement Tracking Matrix: Tracking, Registration and Verification of IDPs, Returnees and other Affected Populations in SudanAmount Requested: USD 2,500,000 Amount Received: USD 2,018,774Objective:Improve the efficacy and accuracy of targeted humanitarian assistance to vulnerable populations (focusing on new and protracted IDPs, returnees and refugees) by providing humanitarian partners with accurate and timely information (number of affected population, vulnerability status, demographic data, place of origin, place of displacement). The DTM is IOM's primary set of tools used to track and monitor displacement and population mobility. It is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to enable a better understanding of movements and evolving needs of populations on the move, and to provide the information needed by humanitarian partners to adequately address the life-saving and protection needs of mobile populations. Detailed information will be provided on the availability and gaps of basic services within settlements, and will alert relevant responsible parties on where the most acute needs are. Information on population movements will also be provided through the early warning system that will be established through this project. This project contributes to the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 1.Beneficiaries:1,230,000 individuals (including 880,000 IDPs, 200,000 returnees and 150,000 refugees). Sex breakdown: 639,000 females and 591,000 males. Age breakdown: 787,200 children under 18 years, 405,900 adults aged 18-59 and 36,900 elderly people above 59 years.
Conducting Profiling Surveys and Site Assessment Exercises for Affected Populations in Darfur and KordofanAmount Requested: USD 1,187,000 Amount Received: USD 235,211Objective:Provide accurate and up to date information on the available services at the major sites of displacement and/or return in the five states of Darfur, South and West Kordofan, with the purpose of improving the provision of humanitarian assistance by identifying the needs and gaps of the residents through profiling and site assessments covering all basic services and the implementation of humanitarian activities in the context of the humanitarian - development nexus. IOM teams composed of enumerators, representative of the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) and NNGOs will be trained on information management including data collection, data entry and analysis. Monthly reports will be generated and disseminated to all sector partners and could be used not only for service provision but also as a baseline for all future durable solutions activities such as IDP integration, informing planning and design of longer support on issues such as land tenure. The project is in line with the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 2.Beneficiaries:200,000 IDPs. Sex breakdown: 108,000 females and 92,000 males. Age breakdown: 126,000 children under 18 years, 66,000 adults aged 18-59 years and 8,000 elderly people above 59 years.
Providing Life Saving Health Services and Capacity Building for Health Care WorkersAmount Requested: USD 1,100,000 Amount Received: USD 275,298Objective:Responding to the life-saving needs and improving the resilience of affected populations during emergencies such as conflicts, outbreaks of disease and natural disasters by providing essential primary health services including: outpatient treatment of communicable and non-communicable diseases, maternal and child health services, facilitated referrals and health promotion activities to ensure aid reaches the most vulnerable people. Developing institutional capacities to address public health threats and strengthening their capacities to prepare for, detect and respond promptly to public health risks and train staff to improve prevention and response protocols, surveillance systems and close monitoring of disease trends. The project is in line with Sudan's Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 1 and Outcome 2.Beneficiaries:88,000 individuals (including 50,000 IDPs, 18,000 returnees, 20,000 host community members). Sex breakdown: 45,000 females and 43,000 males. Age breakdown: 43,000 children under 18 years;
Providing Prevention and Treatment Initiatives to Improve the Nutritional Status of Vulnerable PopulationsAmount Requested: USD 1,700,000 Amount Received: USD 283,849Objective:Contributing to the reduction of acute malnutrition related mortality and morbidity through integrated responses that address nutrition needs of affected populations and communities in Sudan by providing outpatient treatment and building capacity for staff that provide nutrition services. In addition, close attention will be paid to children 6 - 59 months and pregnant and lactating women (PLW) through treatment and prevention of acute malnutrition and promotion of better infant young child feeding practices among targeted beneficiaries. The project is in line with the nutrition sector objectives and outcomes ensuring the provision of quality lifesaving nutrition services for acutely malnourished children (boys and girls 6 - 59 months of age) and PLWs among the highly vulnerable communities. Improving equitable access to integrated program interventions for the prevention of malnutrition among affected communities and improving the capacity of partners to ensure effective and coherent multi-sector response. The project is in line with Sudan's Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 1 and 2.Beneficiaries:65,000 individuals (including 20,000 IDPs, 5,000 returnees and 40,000 host community members). Sex breakdown: 33,150 females and 31,850 males. Age breakdown: 55,000 children under 18 years and 10,000 adults aged 18-59 years.
Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications
Transporting Life Saving Relief Items to Affected Populations in SudanAmount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide logistics and emergency telecommunication (LET) services to support the humanitarian community's response to emergency needs of people affected by natural disasters and / or by conflict in 2018. IOM would fill identified gaps in the emergency logistics by providing humanitarian relief items to vulnerable populations, particularly those living in rural areas with limited access to services. This project is related to the Multi-Year Humanitarian Strategy outcome 1: Populations affected by natural or man-made disaster receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of a shock.Beneficiaries:2,768,500 individuals, (including 1,538,500 IDPs, 300,000 refugees, 603,000 returnees, and 327,000 host communities)
Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items
Restoring Basic Human Dignity through Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items AssistanceAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 1,872,615Objective:Ensuring that the most vulnerable populations affected by conflict or natural disasters with specific needs have timely access to Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items assistance. This project is in line with Multi-year HRP strategic Outcome 1: Populations in areas affected by natural or man-made disaster receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of a shock and Strategic Outcome 2: Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and/or access basic services while increasing their self-reliance.Beneficiaries:67,500 IDPs
Promoting Early Recovery through the Provision of Transitional / Permanent Shelters for Vulnerable IDPs and Returnees in DarfurAmount Requested: USD 3,200,000 Amount Received: USD 202,984Objective:Providing sector approved permanent or transitional shelters for IDPs and returnees using cost effective and environmentally friendly materials / techniques. The trainings will target protracted IDP and returnee communities, CBOs and local partners and will include site hazard assessment to ensure transitional shelters are built on risk free zones using durable construction techniques, ensuring that structures will be capable of withstanding disaster related risks such as heavy rains, strong winds, sandstorms (haboobs) etc. Environmental awareness trainings will ensure that communities will adequately manage available natural resources; this includes minimizing the cutting of plants near settlements and promoting tree planting as a deterrent to desertification and barriers to haboobs. The safe construction training includes: roof fixing through the production of fortified grass mats, ensuring safe distances between shelter structures, proper drainage system around structures, and the use of cement blocks in the bottom layer of the shelter wall to reduce recurrence of seasonal flash floods. Construction of transitional shelters will be closely coordinated with the ES/NFI and RRR sector leads, to mitigate potential assistance duplication and culminate in post construction surveys to measure occupancy rates and beneficiary satisfaction.Beneficiaries:10,000 individuals (including 6,000 IDPs and 4,000 returnees). Sex breakdown: 6000 females and 4,000 males.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Providing Comprehensive Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Assistance to Affected Populations in Darfur, Blue Nile, Kordofan States and East SudanAmount Requested: USD 10,800,000 Amount Received: USD 1,874,313Objective:Providing life-saving WASH assistance to mitigate the suffering of affected populations and reflects all 3 outcomes of the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan. Under outcome 1 providing WASH assistance to newly displaced people in an effort to recreate pre-emergency conditions using early recovery approaches to improve the overall access to water, sanitation and hygiene by working directly with local communities to facilitate ownership and accountability by directly increasing access to basic services for the displaced and host communities. Under outcome 2 improving and sustaining access to safe water in target communities that rely on water for their livelihoods in agriculture and livestock husbandry. Under outcome 3 improving and sustaining access to safe water and sanitation facilities and distributing hygiene messages to address malnutrition related risks and increase community resilience to disease outbreaks. Exit strategies will be developed to alleviate aid dependency in protracted emergencies by facilitating the development of community solutions including providing environmental impact mitigation such as the provision of solar technology to power water points and monitoring ground water to moderate depletion levels.Beneficiaries:530,000 individuals (including 190,000 IDPs, 190,000 returnees, 150,000 host community members). Sex breakdown: 302,000 females and 228,000 males.
Conducting a WASH Sector Study to design a sector Strategy to increase beneficiaries' self-reliance and increase the sector's capacity to respond to emergenciesAmount Requested: USD 650,000 Amount Received: USD 105,317Objective:To understand and analyze the current tariff systems in place, if any, to map out the current water sources available and conduct a water usage study to develop a WASH Sector strategy to reduce dependency on humanitarian aid and empower communities. The WASH Sector study was conceived of as a priority activity and adopted at the 2015 Sector After Action Review in line with the overall sector improvement agenda that calls for needs based programming instead of status based approaches. The shift in approach allows WASH sector partners to identify and accurately target the most vulnerable beneficiaries with the most needs while developing a water tariff collection strategy to allow communities to support maintenance of their own water facilities. The project is in line with outcome 2 of the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan and will complement research conducted in 2016 by targeting an increased number of locations. The study will be coordinated with the WASH sector and will provide sector partners with increased knowledge to address the needs of the most vulnerable people.Beneficiaries:100,000 individuals (including 50,000 IDPs, 30,000 returnees and 20,000 host community members)
Food Security and Livelihoods
Diversifying Food Security and Livelihood Opportunities to Enhance Self-Reliance and Build Community Resilience for Vulnerable Communities in SudanAmount Requested: USD 4,000,000 Amount Received: USD 437,186Objective:To provide food security and diversified livelihood opportunities to enhance individual self-reliance and community resilience. The assistance provided will target vulnerable IDPs, returnees, and host communities in the Darfur region, South and West Kordofan and Blue Nile. A community based participatory approach will be applied to enhance community dialogue when designing and implementing the food security and livelihood interventions which will include: i) support for small scale of agricultural development, ii) support for livestock production and livestock health services; and iii) support for small business initiatives. The project will also be coordinated with Recovery, Return and Reintegration (RRR) sector to increase potential for sustainable impacts for economic reintegration. The project is in line with the Protracted Displacement Strategy (PDS), the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF 2018-2022), and the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan (2017-2019) strategic outcome 2 "Displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and/or access basic services while increasing their self-reliance".Beneficiaries:58,000 individuals, (including 30,000 IDPs, 10,000 returnees and 18,000 host community members)
Recovery, Returns and Reintegration
Strengthening Resilience of Returnees and Facilitating Durable Solutions by provision of shelters, basic services and reintegration Assistance to ReturneesAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 600,000Objective:To provide immediate humanitarian assistance upon arrival as well as medium to long term assistance to support durable solutions for returnees and resilience for the hosting communities as per the RRR sector strategy. In the context of spontaneous returns of IDPs and Sudanese refugee like returnees returning from Chad and other countries in the region, beneficiaries will be selected through DTM exercises including return tracking, monitoring and registration. The project is in line with the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 2 and RRR sector specific outputs: i) Sector Output 2: returnees and provided with shelter, housing, property and land; ii) Sector Output 3: people in need continue to have sustainable access to basic services at return sites; iii) Sector Output 4: people in need have increased Knowledge and skills to improve food security, access to livelihoods and employment; and iv) Sector Output 5: durable solutions are approached in a coordinated manner.Beneficiaries:90,000 individuals (including 65,000 Returnees and 25,000 host community members)
Progressively responding to the protracted Displacement of IDPs through Local Integration, Urbanization and Durable Solution Initiatives in North, West and Central DarfurAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:This Project will facilitate implementation of activities aimed at achieving durable solutions for IDPs as identified in IASC's Framework on Durable Solutions for IDPs, along with the lessons learned from the National IDP policy and by following IOM's framework of Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations. The project will specifically focus on progressing towards durable solutions for the protracted caseload of IDPs in the urban camps of Abu Shouk and Al Salam in El Fasher locality, North Darfur and Ardamata in El Geneina, West Darfur and IDP and refugee returnees in Umm Dukhun, Central Darfur. It will follow a holistic, collaborative and people centered approach based on the IDP profiling exercises that will identify the beneficiaries, their displacement related needs, and barriers to achieving durable solutions. The project is in line with the Multi Year Humanitarian Response Plan Outcome 2 and RRR sector specific outputs: i) Sector Output 1: facilitate durable solutions by enabling conducive environment including protection, peace building and rule of Law (RoL); ii) Sector Output 2: people in need continue to have sustainable access to improve basic services at local integration sites; iii) Sector Output 3: people in need have increased knowledge and skills to improve food security, access livelihoods and employment opportunities; and iv) Sector Output 5: durable solutions are approached in a coordinated manner.Beneficiaries:150,000 individuals (including 45,000 IDPs, 85,000 Returnees and 20,000 host community members)
Sectoral Interventions Refugee Multisector
Providing Critical Multisector Support Services to Affected South SudaneseAmount Requested: USD 11,500,000 Amount Received: USD 373,072Objective:Providing multisector life-saving assistance to South Sudanese refugees under the regional refugee response plan 2018 including: i) WASH activities to increase access to safe drinking water, adequate quality sanitation facilities and improve hygiene practices; ii) providing emergency shelters; and iii) health and nutrition services to support vulnerable people such as children under the age of 5 and pregnant and lactating women with treatment of communicable and non-communicable diseases, outpatient therapeutic feeding and targeted supplementary feeding programme. This project is in line with the multi-year humanitarian response plan strategic outcome 1: "populations affected by natural or man-made disasters receive timely assistance during and in the aftermath of the shock." and outcome 2: "displaced populations, refugees, returnees and host communities meet their basic needs and access basic services while increasing their self-reliance.Beneficiaries:180,000 individuals (including 150,000 South Sudanese Refugees and 30,000 vulnerable host community members)
Sudan Humanitarian France (SHF)