Sri Lanka 2019
Sri Lanka faces a multitude of climate related natural hazards, including flooding and drought caused by irregular and increasingly unpredictable rainfall, landslides, strong winds and tropical cyclones. Climate research shows that the mean temperature of Sri Lanka will continue to rise alongside an increased variability in rainfall, with the dry zone becoming drier and the wet zone becoming wetter. The country is further affected by environmental degradation due to pressures which reduce the productivity of the asset base and income potential of rural populations. In addition to the natural hazards, significant needs of marginalized populations following the near thirty-year conflict are yet to be addressed.
Building on an initial rapid assessment completed in 2018, in-depth joint research between WFP and FAO is proposed to understand how climate change, natural disasters and environmental degradation act as direct or indirect drivers for migration within Sri Lanka and overseas. Further, IOM will work with vulnerable groups currently within the country affected by the former conflict and with Sri Lankan refugees currently residing in camps in southern India to achieve a sustainable reintegration. Once the political situation allows, social cohesion and reconciliation projects will continue working to advance the implementation of the Peacebuilding Priority Plan.
IOM Sri Lanka is the co-leader of the NFI/shelter cluster, and coordination is ongoing with the UN Country Team to plan for the upcoming northeast monsoon which is expected to cause displacement from flooding and landslides. To support the government with preparedness for the upcoming monsoon, IOM has completed a review of sector preparedness in coordination with IFRC. The initial rapid assessment on climate change has been shared with the Ministry of Mahaweli Environment and Development for their review. IOM anticipates continuing its work on climate change with WFP and FAO.
IOM Sri Lanka's projects link with the MCOF sectors of shelter and non-food items; health support; disaster risk reduction; community stabilization and transition; and migration policy and legislation. Studies and DTM activities are proposed to understand the migration movements caused by various types of disasters; however, Sri Lanka has no specific projects in relation to prevention.The projects below address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Contact Information: Tracey Sampson, Donor Reporting Officer: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://srilanka.iom.int
IOM Offices: Main Office: Colombo Field-Offices: Jaffna, Batticaloa, Kilinochchi Other Locations: Migration Health Assessment Centre; Operations and Migrant Services Unit
International Staff: 5
National Staff: 116
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Displacement Tracking Matrix - Sri LankaAmount Requested: USD 50,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To track and monitor displacement and population mobility to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations.Beneficiaries:25,000 individuals
Migration Policy and Legislation Support
In-depth joint research with WFP and FAO and dialogue promotion for climate change affected populationsAmount Requested: USD 600,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To understand how climate change, natural disasters and environmental degradation act as direct or indirect drivers for migration within Sri Lanka and overseas.Beneficiaries:80 national and local government staff
Assistance for flood-affected victims--North East Monsoon Response PlanAmount Requested: USD 900,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To provide assistance for NFIs, transitional Shelters; and containers to establish emergency health clinics.Beneficiaries:68,000 flood-affected victims and 950 trainers