South Sudan 2018
In its fourth year, the protracted crisis in the country continues to affect vulnerable populations across South Sudan. In early 2017, the crisis was exacerbated by the onset of famine in large parts of the country. Furthermore, the cholera outbreak that started in July 2016 continued to affect a population already weakened by conﬂict and malnutrition.
An estimated 4.9 million people faced severe food insecurity in the ﬁrst quarter of 2017. This number increased to an estimated 5.5 million people at the height of the lean season from May to July 2017. The Greater Nile region was particularly affected. However, protracted insecurity, leading to large numbers of the population ﬂeeing the area, have also stalled farming activities for several years and considerably reduced animal productivity in the Greater Equatoria region, which had prior to December 2013 been the breadbasket of the country.
In 2017, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) stood at 1.86 million, while 2.1 million South Sudanese ﬂed to neighbouring countries. Of the IDPs, a total of 269,723 reside in Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites, which are found in eight of the ten states of South Sudan. In 2017, renewed and expanded conﬂict has resulted in new displacement in the Equatoria region with protracted and multiple displacement in already conﬂict-affected areas in the Greater Upper Nile region (where more than 375,000 people are displaced) and Western Bahr el Ghazel (where almost 50,000 are displaced within Wau town). The total population in the PoC sites, now nearly 221,301, is higher than that at the same time in 2016. With some PoCs entering their ﬁfth year of existence, achieving a healthy, safe, and digniﬁed living environment in the sites remains a challenge.
Insecurity, resulting from the conﬂict, and inaccessibility, due to lack of infrastructure and access restrictions imposed by authorities, posed major challenges to IOM South Sudan’s activities. Despite this, IOM South Sudan continued to provide the crisis-affected populations with critical life-saving services in the areas of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), Health, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS), and the provision of shelter/non-food items (S/NFI). IOM South Sudan also managed the Logistics and Common Transport System (CTS) which provided critical transportation and storage services to over 89 humanitarian partners.
The ongoing crisis in South Sudan is expected to continue unabated in 2018. Large parts of the population are expected to face continued displacement. IOM South Sudan will therefore continue to exert efforts to address this complex and protracted displacement situation in collaboration with humanitarian, recovery, and development partners. Where security allows, IOM will continue to support recovery and progress towards resolving displacement, including facilitating the return and sustainable reintegration of IDPs. Efforts will be aligned with the Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) developed for South Sudan for the period 2018-2019, which outlines humanitarian, transition, and development approaches to address the complex, multi-sectoral needs of affected populations in South Sudan.
South Sudan faces significant migration challenges due to vast and porous borders, lack of appropriate legal frameworks, poor infrastructure and weak law enforcement capacity. The country is a mixed migration transit route, used by people travelling to Europe through the Central Mediterranean route and to South Africa through the southern migratory route.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM South Sudan Consolidated Appeal 2018, which is in line with the inter-agency South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2018. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 3,233,448 IDPS and host community members receive humanitarian assistance, 250,000 individuals including host communities are supported with activities to support community stabilization and recovery, and 500 immigration officers
Contact Information: Project Support Unit – firstname.lastname@example.org ; Ontibile Dingert – email@example.com IOM Website: https://southsudan.iom.int/,Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/iomsouthsudan/, Twitter: https://twitter.com/IOMSouthSudan
IOM Offices: Country Office: Juba, Sub-Offices: Bentiu, Malakal, Wau, Abyei town Logistics hubs: Bor, Rumbek Other locations IOM carries out activities: Across South Sudan and Abyei, as and when required
International Staff: 121
National Staff: 479
- Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): IOM DTM conducted activities such as Village Assessment Surveys, Intentions and Perceptions Surveys, Needs Assessments, Flow Monitoring and Registration. In 2017, DTM ensured that partners were able to provide humanitarian assistance in a timely manner by providing them with accurate and actionable information in order to respond to the needs of the crisis-affected population. DTM recorded 57,753 individuals through Flow Monitoring and its Biometric and paper registration had 578,334 active beneficiaries registered.
- CCCM Operations and CCCM Cluster: The IOM CCCM team provided 226,491 individual beneficiaries in the PoC sites of Bentiu, Malakal, and Wau and five collective centres in Wau town with services in the areas of camp coordination and camp management. This included the construction of 626 new communal structures, of which 406 were constructed in Wau PoC and the remaining in Bentiu and Malakal PoCs. IOM conducted major rehabilitation works in Wau PoC and relocated 25,242 IDPs into improved shelters, substantially improving living conditions in the congested PoC. 57 Community Leadership meetings were held in Wau PoC and five community elections were held in Bentiu PoC. 87 women’s, youth and leadership committee meetings were held in Bentiu PoC. The Bentiu PoC Education Centre, with libraries and classrooms was opened. A newly established Complaints Feedback Mechanism was established in Bentiu PoC and 3,848 complaints raised, with 86% satisfactorily resolved by CCCM.
- Shelter and Non-Food Items: IOM acts as S/NFI Cluster Lead agency and reached 927,571 individual beneficiaries in 2017 across South Sudan through shelter construction, rehabilitation, up grading of shelters and the coordinated static responses of 23 S/NFI humanitarian partners. The IOM managed S/NFI Common Pipeline procured, transported and stored 1,843 metric tonnes of humanitarian items, for 266,945 individual beneficiaries, at five strategic pre-positioning hubs making them available to humanitarian partners for distribution to the conflict-affected population and reaching 266,945 individuals. Additionally, S/NFI introduced fuel-efficient stoves (FES) to improve family health and safety in the Bentiu PoC; 101,250 individual beneficiaries were reached with the FES, with 1,280 trained to construct the FES. S/NFI team also majorly contributed to the CCCM rehabilitation efforts in Wau PoC by upgrading communal shelters and the introduction of sustainable shelter materials through a community-driven cash-based implementation modality.
- WASH: 508,816 individual beneficiaries through extended WASH services in more than 100 communities in South Sudan, including the PoCs of Malakal, Bentiu and Wau. IOM South Sudan manages 50% of the WASH Core Pipeline. In 2017, the WASH Core Pipeline pre-positioned 907.5 metric tonnes of WASH emergency items at key logistics hubs in the country making them available to 23 humanitarian partners to distribute to the conflict-affected population.
- Logistics: IOM CTS served 114 individual humanitarian partners with warehousing and transport services across South Sudan. In total, CTS transported 20,000 metric tonnes of humanitarian relief items.
- Rapid Response Fund (RRF): In 2017, the RRF, administered by IOM on behalf of the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), reached more than 400,000 individual beneficiaries. Projects implemented by sub-grantees under the RRF were in the sectors of WASH, Logistics, Health, Humanitarian Coordination, Shelter, Protection, and Food Security.
- Migration Health and MHPSS: In 2017, the Migration Management unit (MMU) served more than 600,000 individual beneficiaries with lifesaving medical care and emergency response services via seven static clinics and 15 rapid response health missions. Through support provided by the Global Fund, IOM reached 442,392 individuals with HIV/AIDS prevention messaging, with a specific focus maintained on men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers and their clients. Additionally, IOM, through the Global Fund, reached 83,530 sex workers and clients with HIV/AIDS messaging and tested 31,966 female sex workers and their clients for HIV/AIDS and informed them of their status, as well as provided counseling services as requested. MHPSS team offered counseling, psychological first aid (PFA), referrals, home visits and support groups to 14,743 children and youth, and 30,050 adults in in the PoCs in Bentiu, Malakal and Wau, as well as collective centres in Wau town.
- Transition and Recovery: Through the Transition and Recovery Unit, IOM is fostering sustainable peace, prosperity and stability in the Abyei Administrative Area. 198 women and 96 men were provided with trainings, start-up materials and business skills to foster sustainable income generation. 2,001 individual beneficiaries were provided with access to safe drinking water through the rehabilitation of five boreholes. In seeking to enhance community stability and support sustainable returns, 17 community development workshops were conducted and 100,000 people benefited from improved community infrastructure.
- Migration Management: MMU continued to support the Government of South Sudan in developing comprehensive and evidence-based migration policies, provide capacity building programmes for 198 law enforcement officers from various border and migration services, and supported 103 individuals under the Assisted Voluntary Return (AVRR) resettlement and family reunification programmes.
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Provide Camp Coordination and Campo Management services to displaced populations in South SudanAmount Requested: USD 10,475,300 Amount Received: USD 5,241,971Objective:Improve the living standards, strengthen accountable life-saving service delivery, and support voluntary durable solutions for IDPs in camps and camp-like settings. Activities include: i) In 2018, the CCCM Cluster will prioritize response to the new and unreached IDP populations in camp and camp-like settings while maintaining its responsibility to the new and unreached IDP populations in camp and camp-like settings. The Cluster will target 826,399 of the estimated 1.8 million IDPs in South Sudan; ii) IOM will continue to be a direct partner of the CCCM Cluster through the implementation of Camp Management activities in Wau and Bentiu PoC sites and site maintenance and development in Malakal PoC. In addition, a mobile CCCM team will respond to the needs of other camp-like-settings across the Equatorias, Western Bahr el Ghazel, Jonglei and Upper Nile states; iii) IOM will continue to provide site planning and development expertise and leadership for the planned Malakal PoC site reconfiguration. IOM will ensure orderly and equitable distribution and management of space through relocations and dismantlement; and iv) Finally, as Cluster Co-Lead, IOM will continue to assume the role as a provider of last resort for the CCCM Sector in South Sudan, alongside UNHCR.Beneficiaries:826,399 IDPs
Shelter and Non-food items
Provide life-saving shelter and life sustaining NFI services to vulnerable populations, including IDPs in South Sudan - SSD18/S-NFI/119598 and SSD-18/S-NFI/119599Amount Requested: USD 19,736,104 Amount Received: USD 8,818,527Objective:Effectively coordinate the humanitarian partner's efforts to address the shelter and non-food item needs of the crisis affected populations, and to ensure that life-saving shelter materials and life-sustaining non-food items (NFIs) are procured and available to humanitarian partners for further distribution to beneficiaries. Newly displaced populations and those in protracted displacement will continue to require timely and effective access to life-saving shelter and NFIs. The S/NFI Cluster estimates that due to the persistent dire situation, 1.67 million individuals are in need of S/NFI assistance in 2018. To build resilience of affected-populations, IOM S/NFI response teams will proactively integrate a people-centered approach to holistically involve the affected populations. In 2017, IOM successfully piloted cash-based interventions in Wau and Bentiu PoCs. In 2018, IOM will widen these activities. IOM S/NFI will also continue to build the capacity of its partners. As the S/NFI Cluster Lead, IOM will be responsible for about 22 per cent of the S/NFI Pipeline and deliver items to 787,919 individuals and the S/NFI Cluster will assist approximately 213,104 individual beneficiaries.Beneficiaries:1,001,023 IDPs, host community members and returnees
Sustainable life-saving Primary Health Care Services, Rapid Response and Mental Health and Psychosocial Support for Vulnerable Individuals in Unity, Upper Nile and Western Bahr el Ghazal, and other sites across South Sudan - SSD-18/WS/119554Amount Requested: USD 15,311,144 Amount Received: USD 6,185,823Objective:Improve access and scale-up of responsiveness to essential healthcare needs of the vulnerable populations by focusing on the major causes of morbidity and mortality. In 2018, an estimated 5.2 million people in South Sudan will be in need of humanitarian healthcare services. i) IOM's Migration Health Unit (MHU) will continue to provide critical lifesaving health care through both static and mobile clinics in areas across the country populated with vulnerable individuals; ii) IOM will provide, as in the previous year, services to approximately 230,000 individual beneficiaries in seven static clinics in the PoCs of Bentiu, Malakal and Wau and Wau collective centres of Nazareth and Cathedral. All seven static clinics provide lifesaving referral primary health care (PHC) services and referral services and basic emergency obstetric and new born care (BeMONC) which includes antenatal and postnatal care; iii) IOM will also continue to provide mass routine vaccinations through the expanded programme on immunization (EPI), as well as health and hygiene education and promotion through door-to-door support, at clinics and through community based events; iv) IOM will also continue to provide comprehensive HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis testing and treatment services in the PoC locations and selected locations outside the PoCs. IOM will continue to mobilise its Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) to deliver lifesaving PHC and outbreak response to hard-to-reach vulnerable populations; and v) IOM will continue to mainstream MHPSS into ongoing PHC services through training of health workers and the provision of direct community based MHPSS services.Beneficiaries:323,261 IDPs and host community members, and vulnerable populations outside the PoCs (274,609 IDPs & 68,652 host community members)
Provide Common Logistics Services for Humanitarians in the Republic of South SudanAmount Requested: USD 5,200,000 Amount Received: USD 1,800,000Objective:The IOM managed Common Transport Service provides support to humanitarian partners across South Sudan by providing a transport and warehousing system for the effective and timely delivery of humanitarian assistance. i) In 2018, CTS will provide logistics, cargo and warehouse management to over 80 humanitarian partners. IOM maintains an 18-truck fleet which ensures the timely overland transport of humanitarian relief items. IOM also facilitates transportation of cargo by air and maintains an effective Fleet Management System which handles cargo effectively and professionally, through consolidation and loading at hubs and cargo handling until final destination. IOM will continue to maintain and improve the critical humanitarian hubs in Malakal, Bentiu, Melut, Bor and Rumbek.Beneficiaries:80 humanitarian partners
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Provide emergency WASH assistance to affected populations in South Sudan, including through the procurement and management of WASH Core Pipeline emergency suppliesAmount Requested: USD 18,700,000 Amount Received: USD 16,539,870Objective:IOM aims at providing emergency water and sanitation as well as promote good hygiene practices to vulnerable crisis-affected populations. i) In 2018, IOM WASH will contribute to the WASH Cluster in the overall coordination of WASH activities through sustained support with a dedicated WASH State Focal Point for Upper Nile; ii) The WASH team will also provide integrated WASH services in the PoCs in Bentiu, Malakal, Melut and Wau, ensuring that WASH activities are maintained at a good standard and scale up or revise activities if there are any significant population influxes in PoCs. Services provided by IOM WASH in the four PoCs include provision of safe drinking water, sanitation services as well as hygiene promotion; and iii) In addition, WASH activities promoting gender balance and mitigating gender-based violence will continue to be strengthened in the PoCs. The WASH Emergency Preparedness Response (EPnR) team will expand the beneficiaries' access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene promotion messaging to underserved crisis-affected populations in hard-to-reach and underserved areas. IOM will ensure that gender-based violence (GBV) mitigation activities will be mainstreamed in all WASH hard and software components. WASH services will also be majorly expanded outside the PoCs with the USAID funded multi-year WASH-GBV project which will enter into its second year in 2018. Through this, IOM will work closely with community Water Management Committees as well as build the capacities of the Rural Water Department.Beneficiaries:Frontline: 318,849 IDPs and members of host communities - Pipeline 750,000 IDPs and members of host communities
Coordination and Common Services
Provide information services to support the humanitarian response to effectively meet the needs of vulnerable populationsAmount Requested: USD 6,775,808 Amount Received: USD 2,649,204Objective:Provide humanitarian partners with up-to-date data and analysis on displacement, to ensure partners' responses are well informed. As the crisis continues to spread to new areas and humanitarian needs rapidly increase, it is becoming increasingly important to effectively address the highest priority needs. Inaccessibility and insecurity across the country present challenges in the collection of data, which can preclude efforts to target programming based upon a strong evidence base. In this context, humanitarian agencies need detailed and up-to-date information on the numbers, locations and changing needs of the displaced populations and host communities, in order to identify and address emerging and ongoing needs. To address the growing needs of IDPs and their host communities, DTM will continue to support evidence-based decisions by conducting biometric registration in the PoCs as well as outside the PoCs, expand Flow Monitoring at key transit points in South Sudan, and conduct Village Assessment Surveys.Beneficiaries:743,917 IDPs
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Transition and RecoveryAmount Requested: USD 11,000,000 Amount Received: USD 3,947,270Objective:IOM seeks to build national ownership and strengthen national rights-based systems through enhancing knowledge, skills and capacity, in line with Pillar III of the MCOF 2018-2019. In line with Pillar II of the MCOF 2018-2019, strengthening reconciliation and reduced violence at the local level among communities, as well as the national, political level, depending on the overall political and conflict context, will lay the foundations for transformational change towards inclusive sustainable development. Implementation will take place in cooperation with other UN agencies such as UNMISS and UNDP, the Government of South Sudan and local communities, civil society and traditional leaders. Strengthened capacities for reconciliation and dialogue at all levels will articulate key priorities for peacebuilding in the coming years. Scaling-up best practice activities at the local level will strengthen local dialogues and lead to dialogue in more places, with more active participation of women. This will lead to reduced levels of violence in targeted areas, and people in these areas will feel increased personal safety and security. The focus area will continue to be Abyei, with new focus areas such as Western Bahr El Ghazal and Greater Upper Nile and Greater Equatoria being added to the portfolio.Beneficiaries:250,000 IDPs, returnees, and host community members
Migration ManagementAmount Requested: USD 6,500,000 Amount Received: USD 1,189,420Objective:Activities will include: i) Support the Government's effort to improve border security, prevent organized transitional crime and improve migration management, including through constructing immigration infrastructure; ii) Promote and strengthen regional cooperation and interagency collaboration, and improve national coordination and dialogue mechanisms among key Government institutions, non-government agencies and countries of origin; iii) Seek opportunities to establish a referral mechanism and providing assistance to irregular migrants; iv) Improve Government response mechanisms for migrants in need of basic services, protection and assistance through drafting appropriate legal frameworks; and v) Improving the capacity of law enforcement and other agencies with immigration functions including through regional trainings and study opportunities. Encourage cross-border cooperation and community engagement.Beneficiaries:500 Immigration Officers
Rapid Response Fund
Rapid Response FundAmount Requested: USD 8,000,000 Amount Received: USD 4,560,000Objective:RRF will continue to support national and international NGOs to respond to natural and man-made disasters in South Sudan and Abyei. Activities will include: i) IOM, in collaboration with OFDA will support partners that have the capacity to work in remote and hard-to-reach areas to swiftly implement specific emergency interventions that respond to the immediate needs of affected populations; ii) The RRF will continue to prioritize responses that last three months in the immediate aftermath of disaster; and iii) The RRF will continue to provide immediate access to funds for emergency humanitarian activities in the sectors of S/NFI, WASH, Health, Nutrition, Protection and Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL).Beneficiaries:1,000,000 individual beneficiaries