In Senegal, while there is no major humanitarian crisis related to migration and refugees, climate-related hazards such as drought, flash floods, and coastal erosion have affected the resilience of people. The northern and eastern parts of Senegal are exposed to recurrent extreme heat and have high acute malnutrition rates. It is estimated that more than 700,000 people in these regions are at risk of food insecurity. Moreover, climate change induced hazards have affected agricultural production and pasture availability in these regions of the country and without further support, the situation is likely to deteriorate. In the Region of Saint-Louis, more than 10,000 individuals are affected by coastal erosion and rising sea level. Many families from the affected zone have been displaced and resettled by the local authorities at a temporary camp several kilometers from the sea, which threatens their livelihood strategy.
Senegal has traditionally been an important country of destination in the West Africa region and has now also become a country of emigration and transit migration. Since its establishment in 1998, the IOM office in Dakar, Senegal, has been working with the Government of Senegal and other stakeholders in the field of migration to address the challenges and opportunities presented by these dynamic migratory patterns and trends. IOM’s activities in Senegal have focused on building on the link between migration and development in Senegal, counter-trafficking activities, assisted voluntary return and reintegration support for migrants returning to Senegal and strengthening Government capacity in labor migration management and migration policy development.
IOM Senegal is working to support the Government of Senegal in its effort to strengthen its institutional capacity in the area of integrated border and migration management, labor migration management, and to expand legal labor migration opportunities. IOM is also implementing programmes that maximize the use of human and financial resources of the Senegalese diaspora, for the development of their country. IOM takes action to promote the health of migrants and mobile populations throughout the migration process and in the field of public health in communities of origin, transit, and destination, while also strengthening health systems and migration policies and practices. The IOM activities in the fight against human trafficking include capacity building activities of the Government in combating human trafficking and supporting the implementation of the Action Plan of ECOWAS in the fight against trafficking and assistance to child victims of trafficking. IOM supports assistance programmes for the voluntary return of migrants from Europe, Libya, Morocco, and other countries; these programmes can include the provision of assistance for their reintegration in their country of origin. Research is a transversal axis of IOM activities, and IOM aims to enhance research on migration issues in Senegal and to improve government data management capacities in the area of migration. Up-to-date data on migration facilitates greater coherence and a more comprehensive approach to the design of national migration policies. IOM Senegal also assists rural communities in increasing community-based climate resilience.
IOM is the leading agency providing humanitarian assistance to affected populations and is an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT), the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) and the Inter-Cluster Coordination Team. IOM is an active partner in the Protection, WASH, Health, CCCM, Shelter/NFI, and Food Security Clusters, and co-leads the CCCM Cluster with UNHCR, and sits on the Strategic Advisory Group for the WASH, Shelter/NFIs, Protection, and Food Security clusters. IOM also works very closely with the host government. IOM partners with the Directorate of Civil Protection Senegalese civil protection service in support of disaster risk reduction and disaster risk management. IOM also support the government to improve the capacity of States and other stakeholders to assist and protect migrants in countries experiencing conflict or natural disaster (MICIC).
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 1,200 individuals.
Contact Information: Massimo Ramanzin: firstname.lastname@example.org, +221778199348 | Donghyuk Park: email@example.com, +221778415672
IOM Offices: Main Office: Dakar Sub Offices: Kolda, Tambacounda
International Staff: 14
National Staff: 62
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Building natural disaster preparedness and community-based disaster risk reduction for the population affected by coastal erosion in Saint-LouisAmount Requested: USD 8,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project aims to support coastal communities in the region of Saint-Louis to: i) increase the preparedness against natural disasters and climate change-induced hazards(coastal erosion, sea-level rise, floods); ii) reduce the vulnerability of the population to coastal hazards; iii) build community-based climate resilience; iv) find alternative livelihoods in the resettled areas and; vi) provide shelter and non-food items.Beneficiaries:5,000 individuals
Technical Assistance for Humanitarian Border Management
Community Engagement in Border Security and ManagementAmount Requested: USD 1,676,281 Amount Received: USD 1,676,281Objective:IOM aims to develop the capacities of national authorities in responding to the border crisis, through enhancing their coordination and cooperation, with local communities' inclusion.Beneficiaries:1,200 individuals