The Philippines is vulnerable to a variety of natural hazards, including ﬂoods, landslides and typhoons. Consequently climate change has increased the frequency of intense hydro-meteorological events that call for the urgent assistance to enhance the resilience of vulnerable populations. High population density in cities has led to a steep rise in the number of informal settlements that cannot withstand natural hazards.
Further, decades of armed conﬂicts in Mindanao including clashes between various armed groups and government forces as well as violent clan feuds have left large populations requiring humanitarian, stabilization and recovery support. Protracted displacement has made IDPs more vulnerable to human traﬃcking. The conﬂict caused by armed extremist groups in Marawi in May 2017 resulted in the displacement of more than 350,000 people as well as the declaration of Martial Law in the whole of Mindanao. Passage of the Bangsamoro Basic Law in May 2018, has created new opportunities to stabilize the region, advance peace and security, and engage in long-term recovery efforts. After years of conflict, the strengthening socio-economic recovery, as well as increased participation and inclusion in decision making will be key to stability and peace.
As the cluster co-lead in CCCM the main focus of IOM’s response will be assistance to IDPs through camp management activities including training of local responders and improvement of displacement sites. However, depending on the context IOM may extend its reach to other sectors such as shelter, protection, health, communications with communities and livelihoods as in the past major emergency responses including the L3-declared Typhoon Haiyan and armed conﬂicts in Mindanao. IOM will ensure that not only IDPs but also host communities are supported, and that disaster risk reduction is incorporated in response activities for mitigation of risks of future crises.
One of IOM’s comparative advantages in the Philippines is its continuous presence since 2008 and active development and humanitarian engagements in conﬂict-affected Mindanao, supported by cooperative agreements with the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) government and Bangsamoro entities, CSOs and the security sector. Located in IOM’s global administrative hub, IOM Philippines possess strong procurement, human resources and other administrative support functions to enable rapid and eﬃcient implementation of activities before, during and after the onset of crises.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 953,700 IDPs and other vulnerable populations
Contact Information: Kristin Dadey, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org IOM Philippines website: https://www.iom.int/countries/philippines
IOM Offices: Country Office: Manila covering Metro Manila and other provinces, Sub-Offices: Cotabato servicing the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and other conflict-affected areas in Mindanao
International Staff: 8
National Staff: 122
- 86,895 IDPs and host community populations across 5 municipalities affected by Marawi Conflict were provided with camp management support in evacuation centres, improvement of common facilities and installation of alternative dwelling spaces. Regular and frequent roll out of Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) across these 40 evacuation centres provided other humanitarian actors in Marawi Crisis Response with timely and accurate information on demographics and changing needs of the affected populations. Furthermore, 94 individual (14 staff, 40 implementing partners, and 40 camp managers) received prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse orientations (PSEA).
- 435 conflict-affected communities (with cumulative population of 815,853 individuals) were provided with livelihoods and capacity building support including protection support services for persons with special needs through the 2017 PAMANA in the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao which included conflict sensitive beneficiary consultations, community assessments and profiling. 540 ARMM-based partners and staff were oriented on PSEA as part of the community support.
- 10 barangays in 4 cities of Metro Manila started receiving support with capacity and resilience building focused on Mass Evacuation in Natural Disasters (particularly earthquake and flood). This was done through collecting information on local hazards and evacuation preparedness, establishment or revision of community-level evacuation plans, as well as capacity building for local government officials and community members through trainings and simulation exercises.
- Close to 42,800 individuals including primary school-aged children were supported with assistance for safe and quality education, through repair and refurbishment of school facilities, supplementary feeding, training on education in emergencies, information and awareness raising campaigns, improvement of municipal coordination mechanisms and protection support services, among others.
Emergency and Transitional Shelter Support for populations displaced by Typhoon OmpongAmount Requested: USD 1,387,283 Amount Received: USD 1,156,069Objective:Shelter support for the population affected by Typhoon Ompong (Mangkhut) through provision of Emergency Shelter Kits (ESK), Shelter Repair Kits (SRK), Transitional shelters, and cash grant.Beneficiaries:6,700 individuals
Protection and Reintegration Support for Vulnerable Populations Affected by Protracted Conflict in MindanaoAmount Requested: USD 5,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Conflict-sensitive protection and reintegration support for MILF disengaged children associated with armed groups and their families to mitigate the conditions contributing to radicalization of youth and to prevent wider violent extremism.Beneficiaries:1,000 individuals, mainly children associated with armed groups and their families
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Transition and recovery support for Vulnerable Populations Affected by the Marawi ConflictAmount Requested: USD 20,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Conflict-sensitive transition and recovery support for Marawi City's most affected and devastated by the extremist attacks to strengthen ties between and among IDPs, host communities, and government authorities.Beneficiaries:24 barangays, 17,500 families or 87,500 individuals as critical target beneficiaries
Community Stabilization and peace building support for Vulnerable Populations Affected by Protracted Conflict in MindanaoAmount Requested: USD 20,000,000 Amount Received: USD 18,190,711Objective:Conflict-sensitive community stabilization and peace building support for the most vulnerable com-munities in Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).Beneficiaries:435 barangays or communities as critical target areas
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Assistance for Populations Affected by the Marawi ConflictAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support for IDPs and conflict affected communities in and around Marawi City through CCCM, Dis-placement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and transitional shelter assistance to identify their needs and pro-vide them with safer and more dignified living conditions.Beneficiaries:350,000 individuals, displaced by the Marawi Conflict
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building on Mass Evacuation for Vulnerable Populations in Metro ManilaAmount Requested: USD 578,035 Amount Received: USD 578,035Objective:Capacity and resilience building support for vulnerable communities and populations in selected Metro Manila, with a focus on Mass Evacuation in Natural Disasters (MEND) including earthquakes and floods.Beneficiaries:Population and communities of 4 selected cities in Metro Manila