Palau located east of the Philippines and north-east of Indonesia, consists of more than 300 islands, stretching over 650 kilometers, of which only nine are inhabited. Palau, a Micronesian country, is divided into 16 states. The islands are located along the typhoon belt and there is an increasing risk of exposure to extreme weather-related hazards due to climate change.
Palau is exposed to natural hazards, in particular tropical storms, typhoons, drought and tidal surges, but also earthquakes and volcanic activity. Like other Paciﬁc Island countries, Palau is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including severe weather events and rising sea levels. The country’s President declared a state of emergency in March 2016 due to extreme drought conditions.
IOM is implementing an initiative to support climate change adaptation in partnership with the Ministry of Education through the alii Climate Adaptation Disaster Risk Reduction and Education Program (alii CADRE), which provides critical support to at-risk communities. Using IOM’s expertise in climate change adaptation, disaster preparedness and displacement management the project supports sustainable solutions for resiliency in vulnerable schools and communities through community based initiatives and education. Additionally, IOM implemented a WASH technical assistance project in response to the El Niño drought. In 2018, IOM plans to provide life-saving and transitional assistance to vulnerable populations in Palau through strengthening the health system, infectious disease detection and response, and mitigating the effects of natural hazards by enhancing national and local capacities for disaster preparedness, response and recovery. This multi-faceted approach will lay the foundation for development. IOM works in coordination with the Ministry of Health in Palau, international and national NGOs, as well as civil society groups to promote sustainable partnerships.
Note: the projects below are part of IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 10,000 beneficiaries
Contact Information: Name of Person: Mr. Stuart Simpson; Position: Chief of Mission; Email: SSIMPSON@iom.int; Phone Number: (+691) 320 8735 IOM Website: https://www.iom.int/countries/federated-states-micronesia; Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/IOMMicronesia/
IOM Offices: Mission Office: Pohnpei; Sub-Office: Koror (Palau)
International Staff: 1
National Staff: 0
- Water for life consultations(Dec 2016 - April 2017): Participated with partners in a series of consultations to plan and strategize on the improvement of water quality and conservation in rural states of Palau. These consultations assisted in establishing and strengthening partnerships with local organizations including Pacific Education Resources and Learning (PREL), Ministry of Education (MOE), Ministry of Health (MOH), Environmental Quality Protection Board (EQPB), and Red Cross (PRC).
- World Water Day (April 2017): A Water Quality Team Training Workshop with teams from 7 elementary schools was conducted. 28 students and 14 teachers/administrators were trained in water conservation methods and water testing methods. Each team was given a water test kit and had activities in testing water, how to calculate the quantity of water available, and how much water is required for specific populations. This is to help local capacity building and sustainability of the systems with a continuity of trained water quality team members on an on-going basis.
- Pacific Educators Conference (July 2017): A workshop on Water Conservation and Quality was provided to 25 educators from throughout the Pacific. The topic of the workshop was “Implementing A Climate Adaptation and Disaster Preparation Curriculum in School.” The core of the curriculum was based on using IOM prepared materials . This workshop was targeted for school-wide or national level use.
- Teacher Training (August 2017): A workshop for 49 MOE teachers was conducted on how to incorporate climate adaptation and disaster preparedness instruction in the the classroom. . Teachers participating in the training received IOM’s localized education materials, which focus on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction through hands on, experiential classroom activities. MOE Curriculum: The Ministry of Education adopted the IOM materials and objectives as part of the newly revised national science curriculum. Copies of the books were provided to the MOE (1200 copies of each title: Climate Change, Typhoon, Tsunami, and Drought). These materials are being used in all schools in grades 6-8 (approximately 700 students). The materials are also available in digital format (e-book) on the MOE server which is available to all school through the MOE intranet. The materials are also available to all teachers and students in all public schools in Palau.
- Disaster Preparedness and Response Public Service Announcement (PSA): IOM worked with high school students in the planning and production of a PSA on disaster preparedness and response. Technical expertise and equipment were provided by a local television company. The PSA has been viewed by teachers and administrators and is available on the MOE server. This makes it available for use in classroom instruction. It has also been broadcast as a public service announcement on the local television station (OTV).
- Rain Water Collection & Storage Development (April 2017 - present): IOM undertook the planning, development and the installation of rain water, collection, storage and use systems in island elementary schools and communities without sources of clean and healthy drinking water. Eight systems have been completed and are operational, and two more will be completed by the end of 2018. The number of water systems was increased from 7 to 10 due to a request from MOE. School Water Quality Teams conduct monthly water tests and submit those to MOE for evaluation. The Palau Environmental Quality Protection Board also conducts quarterly water tests of the systems. The capacity of rain water stored in the school systems ranges from 1,500 gallons to 6,000 gallons. IOM partnered with the Civic Action Teams (CAT) who provided technical expertise and also the construction labor in completing the systems.
- IOM partnered with the National Emergency Management Office (NEMO) to assist in Community Emergency Management Plans. IOM assisted in one community workshop on disaster preparation and response. In addition, IOM worked to determine needs and create a plan for emergency communication systems for 13 states.
- IOM initiated with its partner NEMO the "hardening" of emergency shelters in the communities to make those shelters more resilient to natural disaster. At the request of the Vice President and Director of NEMO IOM is aiming to complete at least two with typhoon shutters to provide safe shelters for community members.
Expanding Access to Public Information in the Pacific Islands - PalauAmount Requested: USD 750,000 Amount Received: USD 70,500Objective:Survey and assess the capacity and condition of all public broadcast stations to evaluate the structural needs of each station; Based on the needs and technical recommendations, complete the upgrades required for broadcasting to reach the states' furthest communities; Monitoring of infrastructure improvements by a technical expert; Provide solar power generating systems for all broadcast stations, to offset operational costs, and reduce dependence on diesel generated electricity, and increase the regularity of transmissions, including monitoring by a technical expert; Training and technical support to stakeholders including government officials and radio personnel on strategies for content creation, successful public service announcements, and media campaigns resulting in engaging messaging for the most remote areas.Beneficiaries:Nation wide public
Promoting the Health of Migrants and Migrant-Affected Communities through Health System Strengthening - PalauAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support the provision of accessible and high-quality primary and preventive services and ensure effective partnerships are developed and maintained, including contributing to emerging and re-emerging infectious disease detection and response.
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Alii Climate Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction & EducationAmount Requested: USD 170,000 Amount Received: USD 170,000Objective:The Alii CADRE program will target three main outcomes: i) Knowledge: school age students and teachers will gain increased knowledge of Climate Change, Climate Adaptation, and Disaster Risk Reduction; ii) Conservation: school age students, teachers, and community members demonstrate increased awareness and practice of water and energy conservation; and iii) Preparedness: Schools bolster their emergency preparedness capacity in Palau.Beneficiaries:2,000 students and 100 teachers