Pakistan has been host to over three million Afghan nationals for more than three decades starting from the 1980s –of these, over 1 million are undocumented Afghans with no proof of registration or visas, with recent estimates by the Commissionerate of Afghan Refugees (CAR) slating the number closer to 0.7 million individuals. Since August 2017, the governments of Pakistan and Afghanistan have initiated the documentation process for undocumented Afghans residing in Pakistan therefore approximately 700,000 individuals are expected to return to Afghanistan through the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points during 2018-2019.
Over 2.8 million people were forced to ﬂee the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) due to complex emergencies between 2008 and 2014. The improved level of security in FATA has increased the returns of most IDPs, however 43,777 families remain displaced as of 2 November (OCHA Pakistan/FATA Returns Snapshot), and will continue to require humanitarian and recovery assistance in the next year. Moreover, Pakistan ranks seventh on the list of ten countries most affected by disasters from 1996 – 2015, and the country frequently experiences multiple disasters in a given year.
In 2018, IOM plans to continue Flow Monitoring activities at Torkham and Chaman border crossings as well as facilitate the ongoing registration of undocumented Afghan nationals in Pakistan. Together with this, IOM aims to organize community-based, business development (BD) trainings that will train host community members on the necessary soft and hard skills required for the set-up and management of small-scale businesses. The number of undocumented Afghans registered will be used as a baseline for future interventions. In response to IDPs returning to areas of origin, In response to natural calamities, IOM will continue to support at-risk and affected communities through its multi-sector preparedness, response, recovery and resilience-building activities.
IOM has extensive experience in delivering humanitarian assistance and coordinating emergency response in close coordination with the Government, UN agencies, donors, and Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC), local and international NGOs.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: Approximately 2 million individuals
Contact Information: Eric Peasah, Senior Programme Manager (firstname.lastname@example.org) Website: www.pakistan.iom.int; Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/IOMPakistan/;Twitter: https://twitter.com/IOM_Pakistan?lang=en
IOM Offices: Country Office: Islamabad, Sub-Offices: Peshawar, Lahore, Mirpur and Karachi.
International Staff: 8
National Staff: 151
- IOM conducted a Return Intentions Survey in ten districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to provide comprehensive data on the profiles of vulnerabilities, return intentions and critical needs of undocumented Afghan nationals living in Pakistan. In addition, IOM implemented Flow Monitoring activities capturing 97,225 vulnerable undocumented Afghans at Torkham and Chaman border crossing points (BCPs), and established Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to ensure data accessibility to partners.
- IOM is coordinating with different government counterparts to facilitate IOM’s border monitoring exercises at both Torkham and Chaman border crossing points. As a result of the on-going flow monitoring activities, IOM was able to secure additional funding to continue implementation of flow monitoring activities at both border crossings until 31 May 2019 (funded by Australia).
- As part of the Support to Undocumented Afghans project, IOM developed targeted media messages and a communications strategy in coordination with government stakeholders. Media messages included information on documentation center locations, eligibility criteria, application procedures to apply for an Afghan Citizen Card (ACC), and benefits of registration. IOM’s information campaign focused more on radio advertisements (aired 1,620 public service announcements), and disseminated IEC materials that included 100,000 flyers, 168 banners displayed at community sites and rolled-out 15 newspaper ad campaigns under which a total of 80 newspaper advertisements were published in leading local newspapers.
- IOM in partnership with Arup International Development and DFID Research Division commissioned a comprehensive evaluation of Shelter Recovery designs implemented between 2010 and 2012. Through empirical data collection and physical testing, the project aimed to provide scientifically tested guidance on low-cost shelter solutions that are flood resistant, compatible with vernacular architecture and indigenous construction techniques, and minimize environmental impacts, while delivering the best value for money. In conjunction with the same, a Construction Guide has been published, which presents the results of rigorous empirical testing of the varying construction typologies used in southern Pakistan.
- The Humanitarian Communications (HComms) programme rolled out a variety of communication activities targeting displaced and returning populations of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) affected by complex emergencies. During 2017, the programme reached more than 740,000 individuals through critical communication support, including 1,218 awareness raising sessions, 14 advertisement campaigns and over 50 IEC (information, education and communication) campaigns.
- As part of the Natural Disasters Consortium Programme, the Consortium achieved completion of multi-sectoral and integrated preparedness, response and recovery activities which include:
- Multi-Sector Preparedness and Camp, Coordination and Management (CCCM) trainings were organized in 9 locations, covering 62 districts across Pakistan, through which a total of 251 (203 men and 48 women) government and civil society humanitarian practitioners have been trained.
- Prepositioning of emergency stocks: shelter stocks for 4,400 families and WASH stocks for 9,000 families, respectively.
- The NDC held consultations with the Federal Water Management Cell of National Food Security & Research Ministry and the water management department at the University of Agriculture in Peshawar to finalize TORs for a study on water accounting and inventory of irrigation channels in Chitral.
- Field work on different commodities to assess the scope and potential of developing value chains as part of Rapid Agribusiness Assessment (RAA) was completed during 2017. This information will inform the creation of community-based enterprises for vegetable and cereal production.
- The NDC supported most vulnerable households affected by heavy snow as part of the recovery to the 2017 avalanche. To this end, 100 shelter/NFI kits were distributed and communities were engaged in 38 Cash for Work (CfW) programmes rebuilding local roads, water sources and bridges.
- In response to the urban flooding in Karachi in August 2017, the NDC distributed 386 water tankers, reaching an estimated 408,242 individuals affected by the disaster. In addition, 1,522 households (HHs) were supported with cash grants for shelter repair, 8,632 families were reached through provision of water trucking services, and 2,194 extremely vulnerable families were reached through conditional cash grants.
- Under the Food, Security and Livelihoods (FSL) component, 375 HHs were supported through Cash for Work (CfW) schemes including debris removal and rehabilitation of roads in the flood affected areas of Malir and Karachi West.
- 69,651 HHs were supported through multi-sector assistance comprising of integrated recovery interventions, shelter, WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene), FSL (Food, Security and Livelihoods) and other conditional cash activities.
Technical Assistance for Humanitarian Border Management
Repatriation Support to Undocumented Afghans in PakistanAmount Requested: USD 11,951,393 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Technical Assistance for Border Management including Flow Monitoring activities at two border crossing points (Torkham and Chaman); provision of cross-cutting, establishment of transit centers to access pre-departure support; medical screening and referrals and conduct business development training programs.Beneficiaries:700,000 individuals
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Rapid Response Fund to meet Immediate Needs of Populations Affected by Disasters in PakistanAmount Requested: USD 18,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support the development of a flexible and responsive grants management system that will competitively evaluate sub-awardee proposals from local and international non-governmental organizations on the most priority sectors as laid out in the 2017 Humanitarian Strategic Plan.Beneficiaries:243,368 disaster affected individuals
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Community Resilience Activity - Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)Amount Requested: USD 40,000,000 Amount Received: USD 3,997,462Objective:To reduce marginalization and exclusion of youth and other communities vulnerable to violent extremism. The project will also promote resilience through multi-faceted support for cohesion within and between communities in FATA and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.Beneficiaries:Returning Temporary Dislocated Persons (TDPs), Local Communities, Provincial District and Tribal Agency Government structures and other priority stakeholders,