In North East Nigeria, the security situation remains unstable with continuing non-state armed groups attacks and military operations; a situation which has resulted in prolonged insecurity and endemic violations of human rights, exacerbating the plight of vulnerable civilians and triggering waves of displacement. Data from the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) highlights 1,918,508 million people remain displaced in Nigeria and 1,549,630 returnees to their villages of origin (DTM Round 23 – July 2018).
The majority of the people were displaced at the height of the conﬂict in 2016 and 2015, when non-state armed groups claimed large tracts of territory across Adamawa, Borno, Gombe and Yobe States, most severely affecting Borno State, the epicenter of military operations and civilian displacement. Since late 2016, IOM has scaled up its response to the increasing humanitarian needs of the affected population in the North East of Nigeria. As a result, organizational resources have been made ready and available to augment its ongoing interventions in Nigeria. IOM is currently present in most of the accessible Local Government Areas (LGA) in the North East and has reached around 700,000 affected persons with emergency shelter, non-food items (NFIs), camp coordination and camp management (CCCM), water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) activities.
For 2018, IOM Nigeria is requesting more than USD 60 million for its crisis response which will allow for additional scale up of humanitarian services currently provided by the mission, including the introduction of more sustainable solutions in areas of return.
IOM has been a key contributor to the development, coordination and implementation of the humanitarian response plan in North East Nigeria since 2015. Currently, IOM is co-leading the Shelter, NFI and CCCM, and the MH PSS working groups.
Furthermore, IOM continues to roll out the DTM in 110 LGAs across six states, while biometrically registering affected populations in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states.. Essential displacement data is then shared with key stakeholders on a regular basis to provide IOM and partners also with actionable data on IDP returns to inform potential transition and recovery programming. IOM’s support to the humanitarian community’s preparedness and response in Nigeria also includes establishing and managing humanitarian hubs in Maiduguri and eight strategic deep-ﬁeld locations.
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Nigeria (January - December 2018) and Nigeria Regional Refugee Response Plan, January - December 2018. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 700,000 IDPs
Contact Information: KRDZALIC Enira, Chief of Mission, EKRDZALIC@iom.int . https://nigeria.iom.int/; https://web.facebook.com/iomnigeria/
IOM Offices: Country Office: Abuja, NIGERIA, Sub-Offices: MAIDUGURI, YOLA Other locations IOM carries out activities: Borno, Yobe, Adamawa,Tabara, Gauchi, Gombe, Benue, Nasarawa. Non-humanitarian activities are implemented in Edo and Delta States
International Staff: 25
National Staff: 300
- CAPACITY BUILDING: 11 trainings were organized and facilitated with 302 participants on displacement management/CCCM, mainstreaming gender-based violence in CCCM operations with Psychological First Aid ( PFAs), DTM and community mapping.
- SHELTER: Shelter assistance was provided in camps and camp-like settings; 15,574 IDP households (HHs) were assisted through construction of emergency shelters; 116 IDP HHs were assisted through construction of reinforced transitional shelters; 5,197 IDP HHs were provided with emergency shelter kits, 200 returnee HHs were provided with Improved Emergency Shelters, and 23 communal shades were built at transit sites.
- NFI: Adequate housing supplies to live in security and dignity, to prepare and consume food, provide thermal comfort and meet personal hygiene needs were provided through NFI kits distributions to 27,984 households (137,594 individuals).
- WASH: 13,710 individuals accessed safe drinking water from 20 boreholes which were rehabilitated in nine camps; 205 latrine blocks and 225 shower blocks were also constructed in 30 camps.
- DTM: 1.2 million individuals were biometrically registered and 110 LGAs in North East Nigeria covered by DTM assessments contributing to the government-led systematic IDP data collection and information dissemination system.
- CCCM: 727,610 IDPs reached with improved camp coordination and management activities in 127 sites. By the end of 2017, 39 per cent of IDPs resided in IDP camps, and 61 per cent in host communities
- MHPSS: 320,241 psychosocial services were provided, and 2,295 people engaged in integrated livelihood activities. 112 mobile team members, covering more than 22 camps and host communities, and 11 MHPSS resource centers were also established
- HUBS: Five humanitarian hubs were established in 2017 for the benefit of humanitarian workers of 56 international agencies delivering life-saving assistance in North East Nigeria
- EARLY RECOVERY AND LIVELIHOODS: Three community infrastructures were rehabilitated through “cash-for-work incentive”: one Government School, the main road to the hospital in Pulka LGA, and the central market in Gwoza LGA. Furthermore, nine vocational trainings were conducted for 150 individuals (including 86 females). A training manual was also developed on Community Animal Health Worker (CAHW) with the collaboration of Maiduguri University, followed by a Training of Trainers on CAHW for 30 participants. Livestock inputs (Animal Feed) were also distributed among 230 vulnerable households.
Protecting and Promoting Mental Health and Psychosocial wellbeing of conflict affected population in North East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 4,237,200 Amount Received: USD 2,254,341Objective:The project aims at protecting and promoting conflict affected populations' mental health and psychosocial wellbeing. More particularly and in line with the Protection sector objective, the project will ensure provision of targeted protection services through the provision of tailored mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) services. In addition, the project will contribute to the mainstreaming of protection and MHPSS approach through other sectors.Beneficiaries:30,000 IDPs, returnees and host communities
Gender Based Violence (GBV) Response in North-East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 2,383,200 Amount Received: USD 178,200Objective:This project aims to increase access to a comprehensive GBV response services for individuals at risk of violence, enhance community resilience and systems for GBV and sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) prevention and risk mitigation, and strengthen multi-sectoral coordination of and advocacy on GBV/SEA prevention and response.Beneficiaries:50,000 IDPs
Coordination and Support Services
Establishment and Management of Humanitarian hubs and common services in North East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 7,509,695 Amount Received: USD 6,079,704Objective:With this project IOM is aiming to: i) ensure better coordination, collaboration, complementarity and effectiveness of preparedness and response interventions by humanitarian actors in support to LGAs (Local Government Authorities); ii) sustain multi sector, concentrated humanitarian presence in remote and hard to reach conflict affected areas; and iii) provide critical security support and coordination needed to facilitate the ongoing and expanding humanitarian programs by ensuring that all compounds meet required MORSS standards as well as evacuation planning.Beneficiaries:600 humanitarian workers
Emergency Shelter and Non-food Items
Shelter and NFI assistance to conflict affected populations in North East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 25,795,560 Amount Received: USD 5,508,448Objective:With this project IOM is aiming to: i) ensure sufficient, coordinated and adequate delivery of emergency shelter solutions to respond to the immediate shelter needs of affected populations; ii) deliver reinforced/transitional shelters and repair assistance to respond to the specific shelter needs of affected populations toward durable solutions; and iii) deliver flexible, coordinated, adequate and harmonized NFI kits (including assessment, distribution and post-distribution monitoring) to affected populations.Beneficiaries:22,000 IDPs, returnees and host communities
Early Recovery and Livelihoods
Facilitating the Early Recovery of Populations affected by the Boko Haram crisis through Access to Short Term Income and Rehabilitation of Community Infrastructures in North East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 1,265,810 Amount Received: USD 418,250Objective:Contribute to the early recovery of affected populations in host /return communities in North East Nigeria. This will be achieved through the improvement and/or creation of livelihood opportunities and community infrastructures identified through communal consultation. These infrastructures will be built by affected populations providing an alternative source of income during the implementation stage of the project. The overall aim being to provide a higher quality of life for returning populations and displaced populations during their period of displacement.Beneficiaries:7,840 IDPs, returnees and host communities
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Strengthening Displacement Management and Operational Coordination in Affected States of North East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 14,091,900 Amount Received: USD 6,639,173Objective:With this project IOM is aiming to: i) Continue tracking and monitoring displacement and mobility, including sex and age disaggregated data and information on needs and gaps, in order to establish a comprehensive follow-up on displaced populations, in sites and hosting communities, including sudden movements of populations and to inform appropriate interventions across sectors; ii) Support the monitoring, coordination and management of displacement sites (both camp and "out of camp", including displaced populations in hosting communities) to ensure that minimum standards are upheld and referral pathways reinforced for direct assistance, through capacity building, community participation, on site and mobile facilitation support and rapid reporting of gaps and iii) Support the care, maintenance and decongestion of sites (formal and informal, including in host communities) through the provision of site planning, site improvement and return assistance as well as other CCCM interventions as needed.Beneficiaries:700,303 IDPs and returnees
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Improved WASH Services to conflict affected population in North East NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 2,345,868 Amount Received: USD 373,754Objective:The project aims at achieving the following results: i) improved access to an adequate, sustainable quantity and quality of safe drinking water to meet the needs of affected populations; ii) increased access to improved sanitation facilities among the affected populations; and iii) Improved access to messages and good hygiene practices that enhance disease prevention and control to promote better wellbeing of the affected populations.Beneficiaries:56,000 IDPs, returnees and host communities
Responding to the Urgent Health Needs of IDPs and Host Communities in Newly Accessible Areas in North Eastern NigeriaAmount Requested: USD 2,527,340 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide life-saving health services to affected IDP and host community populations in order to reduce mortality, morbidity and disability. IOM also aims to strengthen the disease surveillance, outbreak prevention, control and response, and the health system through the restoration of primary health care clinics providing life-saving health care services to people in need, with an emphasis on increasing access to health services.Beneficiaries:40,000 IDPs and host community members
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Early recovery and transitionAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM strives to expand its efforts in increasing resilience and durable solutions for IDPs, returnees and host communities by pursuing integrated strategies that reduce conflict, promote recovery and contribute to an enabling environment for community stabilization, through the following main thematic areas: i) reducing key drivers of conflict and forced migration; ii) increased community stabilization and strengthened resilience; iii) increased civic participation and inclusion; and iv) facilitated safe returns, and reintegration. The main activities include the rehabilitation of key and strategic community infrastructures and houses, creation of livelihood and income-generating opportunities to support the recovery and self-reliance, and finally enhancing and sustaining social cohesion and stabilization in communities with high concentrations of IDPs and returnees through formation and strengthening of various community based groups.Beneficiaries:3 communities in Borno State in North-East Nigeria