The Republic of Niger, currently ranked as the least developed country in the world (UNDP Human Development Index), is located in the southern belt of the Sahara and in the heart of the West African Sahel, a highly geopolitically and security sensitive area. The country is severely affected by Non-State Armed Group (NSAG) attacks within its territory and the local population is impacted by continuous insecurity near Niger’s borders with Nigeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria and Libya. The situation is particularly dire in Diffa region, which borders Nigeria and is impacted by armed conflict in the Lake Chad region with violent attacks by Boko Haram, and the Tahoua and Tillabéry regions which border Mali and Burkina Faso, and face increasing insecurity from various NSAGs and bandits. While the conflict affected population in the Diffa region primarily faces protracted displacement as compared with Tahoua and Tillabéry regions where there has been a stark number of new displacements in 2018, all three regions feature mixed populations of refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), host community and returnees in urgent need of life-saving assistance.
In 2019, an estimated 2.3 million people, representing 10.4% of the population of Niger, will require humanitarian assistance. Of this total, 1.7 million will be targeted to receive humanitarian assistance. Niger has made notable progress over the past decade in reducing inequality, but the poverty rate of the population is still very high at 45%. The structural and cyclical crises and the persistence of security instability in the regions of Diffa, Tillabéry and Tahoua, which result in food insecurity and malnutrition, population movements and health emergencies, increase the vulnerability of many people. In addition, the greater Agadez region of Niger, which borders Algeria and Libya, has a continuous need for community stabilization support to mitigate tensions and enhance security for the local population. Migration significantly affects Niger through both northern movement of economic migrants en route to Algeria and Libya, and southern movement of migrants expulsed or repatriated from Algeria into Niger. Niger is the main migratory hub in West Africa, and most migration takes place along the route to Libya and eventually Europe via Dirkou (located in the northeast of the Agadez region) or Arlit in order to reach Algeria. For several years the migration flows created additional employment opportunities in the department of Arlit through the illicit migration economy. However, in May 2015, the Government of Niger adopted a law to stem irregular migration, which changed the primary migratory roads and considerably decreased the number of migrants travelling through Agadez region. Implementation of this law impacted the livelihoods of communities along the migration route that depended on the migration economy. Internal conflict in certain regions of Niger, periodic drought and flooding, and land degradation due to overgrazing of livestock are all factors multiplying already existing vulnerabilities and challenging the human security of the population.
In 2019, IOM will prioritize life-saving interventions, including protection services for the most vulnerable, basic services, strengthened resilience and durable solutions, as well as data collection and analysis to inform evidence-based decision making. IOM aims to address the urgent humanitarian needs of the conflict-affected population by improving living conditions through the provision of emergency shelters, transitional shelters (to address protracted displacement in Diffa region) and NFIs. The transitional shelter support will be accompanied with livelihood assistance to improve the resilience of affected households, and all affected regions will be provided protection awareness programming, as well as cash for work activities that involve and employ beneficiaries and host communities in project implementation. IOM also aims to implement community stabilization initiatives in order to support the Government of Niger and Nigerien civil society to increase communities’ resilience and integration as well as to reduce the push factors for irregular and forced migration. To that regard, community stabilization initiatives will aim to improve access to basic services through rehabilitation and construction of infrastructures, revitalize local economies, provide trainings on good governance, improve food security, promote social cohesion through cultural events, and creation of spaces for dialogue among and between civil society actors and local authorities, taking into consideration the needs of marginalized communities and displaced communities. Community stabilization also aims at coping with desertification and inundation challenges observed in desert areas. To this regard, activities to prevent further desertification and to support water management will be implemented with full involvement of the communities. Community stabilization work will also continue towards the recuperation of land, planting of trees, construction of protective fences and harnessing of natural water sources for the benefit and ownership of the communities of Agadez, Arlit and Kawar region.
IOM is the Co-lead of the Shelter and NFI Working Group in Niger, where IOM works in direct collaboration with the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management to coordinate the response of the Shelter and NFI Working Group partners. In this role, IOM reinforces the Government of Niger’s capacity through provision of trainings, supporting the government to conduct needs assessments, fostering information sharing in the sector, and assisting the government to develop new objectives and projects to assist regions in adapting to the changing situation. IOM is also an active member of the UN Country Team (UNCT), the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) and the Inter-Cluster Coordination (ICC) Team. IOM also actively participates in other cluster/sector coordination mechanisms, including the Protection cluster and Information Management Working Group. In addition, IOM participates in the Peace Consolidation Working Group chaired by the High Authority for Consolidation of Peace (from French: Haute Autorité pour la Consolidation de la Paix, HACP) and Decentralization Working Group chaired by GiZ (PRoDEC). Our collaboration is also extended to the technical services of various ministries that collaborate with us in our activities, such as the Ministries of Agriculture, Environment, Water and Sanitation, and Health. The Ministry of the interior is also a key partner, and IOM Niger collaborates closely with mayors and the regional council in the field.
IOM’s humanitarian programming in Niger is linked with the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Niger 2019 and the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2019 for Niger. Furthermore, IOM implements interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues on the following themes: Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition; Disaster Reduction and Resilience Building; Shelter and Non-Food Items; and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 585,500 individuals.
Contact Information: Mr. Martin WYSS, Chief of Mission: mwyss1@IOM.INT; Mr. Peter KIOY, Project Manager (emergencies): firstname.lastname@example.org; Mr. Seve DIOMANDE, Project Manager (community stabilization): email@example.com
IOM Offices: Main Office: Niamey Sub-Offices: Arlit, Agadez, Diffa, Dirkou, Tahoua, Tillabery, Zinder
International Staff: 4
National Staff: 19
Shelter and Non-food items
Shelter assistance for displaced persons in DiffaAmount Requested: USD 2,292,500 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:This project will provide emergency, life-saving assistance to the crisis-affected population in Diffa region through the provision of shelters and NFIs, implementation of income-generating activities and WASH support.Beneficiaries:49,000 individuals (7,000 households)
Humanitarian assistance to victims of floods in NigerAmount Requested: USD 2,380,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:This project will provide emergency, life-saving assistance to populations displaced by flooding through the provision of emergency shelters, NFI kits and protection support.Beneficiaries:70,000 individuals (10,000 households)
Humanitarian assistance in shelter and NFI to armed crisis-affected population in the regions of Tahoua and Tillabery, NigerAmount Requested: USD 726,600 Amount Received: USD 850,000Objective:This project will provide emergency, life-saving assistance to the crisis-affected population in Tahoua and Tillabery regions through the provision of shelters and NFIs and protection support.Beneficiaries:14,000 individuals (2,000 households)
Humanitarian assistance in shelter and NFI to armed crisis-affected population in the region of Diffa, NigerAmount Requested: USD 3,443,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:This project will provide emergency, life-saving assistance to the crisis-affected population in Diffa region through the provision of shelters and NFIs, implementation of income-generating activities and WASH support.Beneficiaries:52,500 individuals (7,500 households)
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Community stabilization in greater Agadez regionAmount Requested: USD 11,300,000 Amount Received: USD 3,417,091Objective:This project will contribute to conflict prevention, and stabilization of target communities, through improved access to basic services, strengthening the relationship between communities and local authorities, empowering youth and women and reinforcing sustainable livelihoods.Beneficiaries:400,000 individuals
European Union Trust Fund (EUTF)