Located in the Southern belt of the Sahara and in the heart of the West African Sahel, Niger is situated in a highly geopolitically and security sensitive area. The country’s border areas are mainly impacted by security threats while Nigerien communities are impacted by outgoing, transiting and incoming migrant flows. The insecurity engendered in the regions, the stretch on natural resources impacts all aspects of the local population’s lives, access to food or health services and threaten the stability of Nigerien regions, already marked by long-lasting conflicts within and between communities around access and management of natural resources. The Law N°2015-36 regarding smuggling of migrants also has repercussions on community livelihoods in Agadez region. The revenue generated by activities around migrants’ smuggling such as accommodation, transportation, food delivery, drastically decreased since the implementation of the law and the consequent decrease of migratory flows from Niger to Libya. While these activities were largely continuting to the informal economy of the region, local authorities also voiced their concern due to the lack of alternative livelihoods and revenues for their communities.
More particularly, the Diffa region has been hosting populations displaced by Boko Haram related violence in the Northern states of Nigeria since 2013. The situation deteriorated dramatically in February 2015, with the ﬁrst attacks on the Niger territory in the Diffa region which have been ongoing since then. Displacements involved a mixed flow, which included not only Nigerian refugees and Nigerien returnees but also Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), who surpassed the numbers of those arriving from Nigeria. As of the latest displacement ﬁgures for the Diffa region dated October 2017, the affected population stands at 129,015 IDPs, 108,470 refugees and 14,820 returnees. Niger is also prone to periodic ﬂooding every year with the impact of this on the population affected increasing every year. In 2017, 206,533 individuals were affected with 91,381 in need of shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI). Needs of people affected are urgent and national and local capacities are increasingly more stretched to cope with the situation.
In 2018, IOM aims to contribute to the protection of the beneﬁciaries through the improvement of the living conditions of the affected population in Niger through direct assistance with emergency shelters, transitional shelters (in more stable sites in Diffa region where security condition allow) and NFIs. The transitional shelter support will be accompanied with livelihood assistance to improve the resilience of affected households.
IOM is the Co-lead of the Shelter and NFI Working Group in Niger, where IOM works in direct collaboration with the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management to coordinate the response of the Shelter and NFI Working Group partners. IOM also coordinates its response with local authorities through collaborations with youth associations registered in local municipalities for the delivery of IOM’s assistance through cash-for-work schemes.
In 2018, IOM also aims to contribute to community stabilization initiatives in order to support the Government of Niger and the civil society to increase communities’ resilience and integration as well as to reduce the push factor of irregular and forced migration. To that regard, community stabilization initiatives will aim to prevent violent extremism, to revitalize local economies, to improve access to services and to reinforce dialogue among and between community’s members while taking into consideration the needs of marginalized communities and displaced communities.
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Niger 2018 and Nigeria Regional Refugee Response Plan, January - December 2018. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 185,961 IDPs, returnees and 10,522 Refugees
Contact Information: Mr. Giuseppe LOPRETE, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org; Mr. Peter KIOY, Project Manager (emergencies), email@example.com; Mr. Seve DIOMANDE, Project Manager (community stabilization), firstname.lastname@example.org
IOM Offices: Country Office: Niamey; Sub-Offices: Agadez, Diffa, Tahoua, Zinder. Other locations where IOM carries out activities: Dosso, Tillabéri
International Staff: 6
National Staff: 18
- 10,199 households (57,622 individuals) were assisted with 10,357 emergency shelters for the Boko Haram crisis.
- 6,175 households (39,069 individuals) were assisted with 6,334 NFIs for the Boko Haram crisis.
- 1,550 households (11,283 individuals) were assisted with 1,550 NFIs as a first response to the flooding crisis in Niger.
- 6 government officials and 13 civil protection agents were trained on Disaster Risk Reduction and Data Management.
- 4,228 beneficiaries were reached through a mobile cinema caravan sensitizing on youth violence and violent extremism.
- 10 participative theatre sessions organized with 3,200 individuals reached.
- 35 youth cooperatives (including 516 youth) were created and equipped with materials, supporting youth socioeconomic integration.
- 30 youth received vocational training and were equipped with materials to launch income generating activities.
Shelter and Non-food items
Enhancement of direct humanitarian assistance in Diffa regionAmount Requested: USD 3,170,767 Amount Received: USD 1,350,000Objective:IOM aims to contribute to the maintenance and enhancement of direct humanitarian assistance in Diffa region through: i) the improvement in living conditions of the affected population in Diffa region through the distribution of shelter and NFI kits; ii) the strengthening of the Shelter and NFI Working Group with improved data and coordination; and iii) the increase of protection assistance for vulnerable beneficiaries in Diffa region.Beneficiaries:4,590 IDP households (32,131 individuals), 500 refugee households (3,506 individuals), 1,753 affected host community households (12,270 individuals)
Humanitarian Assistance to natural disaster affected population in NigerAmount Requested: USD 3,841,152 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM aims to improve the living conditions of communities affected by natural disasters and also based on the vulnerability of the affected households in Niger through the provision of direct humanitarian assistance (emergency shelters as well as NFIs) and improve on better-informed coordination of the crisis.Beneficiaries:19,723 households (138,059 individuals)
Shelter and Non-food items
Maintenance and enhancement of direct humanitarian assistance in Diffa regionAmount Requested: USD 696,381 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM aims to contribute to the maintenance and enhancement of direct humanitarian assistance in Diffa region through: i) the improvement in living conditions of the affected refugee population in Diffa region through the distribution of emergency shelters and NFI kits; and ii) the strengthening of the Shelter and NFI Working Group with improved data and coordination.Beneficiaries:1,503 refugee households (10,522 individuals)
Shelter and Non-food items
Social Stability Assistance in Diffa regionAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM aims to contribute to security and stability in Diffa region through the support of humanitarian assistance in identified sites via the implementation of transitional shelters; the strengthening of community cohesion through implementation of activities increasing livelihoods; and the contribution to a trust relationship among populations and authorities through peace/social cohesion trainings.Beneficiaries:8,400 persons benefit from transitional shelters; 1,200 households receive income generating activity kits (startup kits), 100 persons of host community and displaced persons with vocational trainings; 100 community leaders
Humanitarian Assistance to affected population in NigerAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM aims to improve the living conditions of IDPs, returnees, refugees (outside of UNHCR camps) and host communities based on the vulnerability of these households in Niger through the provision of direct humanitarian assistance (emergency and transitional shelters as well as NFIs) and better-informed coordination.Beneficiaries:1,000 individuals provided with emergency shelters in the Diffa region; 700 individuals provided with NFI kits; contingency stock of 1,500 emergency shelter and 1,000 NFI kits
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Community Stabilization Initiatives in Northern NigerAmount Requested: USD 5,597,903 Amount Received: USD 4,938,272Objective:IOM aims to provide the Government of Niger and its citizens with a community stabilization project aimed to address multiple issues, including empowerment of local authorities, strengthening community cohesion and boosting integration and reintegration opportunities. The project will take a three-pronged approach to accomplish community stabilization programming, community engagement modalities and small infrastructure investment.Beneficiaries:3,500 direct beneficiaries and 45,000 indirect beneficiaries in Agadez region, including Kawar area
Migrants Rescue and Assistance in Agadez region - Phase IIAmount Requested: USD 585,185 Amount Received: USD 585,185Objective:IOM aims to support the Government of Niger through the implementation of community stabilization activities in targeted villages along the migratory routes in Agadez region. In particular, the project will focus on the rehabilitation of key community infrastructures (i.e., water and electricity), cash for work activities and the overall reinforcement of community cohesion and dialogue between local authorities, communities and migrants.Beneficiaries:500 persons benefiting from community stabilization initiatives; 20,000 persons directly or indirectly informed on regular migration and risks of irregular migration
Protection and durable solutions for migrants and refugees along the central Mediterranean routeAmount Requested: USD 3,703,704 Amount Received: USD 3,703,704Objective:IOM aims to support local authorities to respond to the urgent needs of host communities and the impacts of migration flows, as well as to support community cohesion and cope with social tensions. As local communities in Northern Agadez mainly generate their income through economic activities related to the transit of migrants (accommodation, transportation, services to migrants), the project aims to provide jobs to local youth, promote regular activities in different economic sectors, and refurbish or rehabilitate small infrastructures using local labour force, resources, contractors.Beneficiaries:45 community initiatives supported in Niger
Conflict Dissolution and Peacebuilding in the LCB Region (Chad, Niger and Cameroon)Amount Requested: USD 7,272,840 Amount Received: USD 1,100,000Objective:IOM aims to assist the Government of Niger in the Demobilization, Disassociation and Reconciliation of ex Boko Haram elements in Diffa region through support to the development of a national strategy and action plan, the profiling and screening of defectors, and the creation of reintegration opportunities for the victims and people associated to Boko Haram while contributing to the reconciliation process in Diffa region.Beneficiaries:1,500 people under arrest for assumption of link with Boko haram; up to 500 Boko Haram defectors in Goudoumaria internment center; 20 communities
European Union Trust Fund (EUTF)