Nepal is among the 20 most multi-hazard prone countries in the world. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), during the period of two years under review (2015 and 2016), a total of 16 types of disasters have been noted and a total of 2,940 events of disaster have been recorded. The 2015 earthquakes are the most catastrophic example of this vulnerability. The two quakes and the subsequent powerful aftershocks affected 31 of the country’s 75 districts, and resulted in the deaths of 9,000 people, over half of whom were women, and injuring more than 22,300 people. Likewise, the country experiences yearly flooding during the monsoon period. In August 2017, as per MoHA, over 80 per cent of land in the Terai was inundated by flood waters, causing large scale and adverse impacts on life, livelihoods and infrastructure.
The HCT’s contingency planning efforts focus on the annual hazard of flooding in seven provinces with a specific focus on highly flood prone municipalities, rural municipalities and metropolitan locations in the Terai, namely province 2 and 5. It is evident that flooding often lasts for weeks, damaging and destroying homes and livelihoods as well as public infrastructure, roads and bridges and causing additional health hazards due to waterborne diseases, flooded sanitation facilities disruption of drinking water supply. With Nepal entering into the new federal structure, the Government is currently updating roles, structure, and responsibilities of its agencies in disaster management based on the new Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) Act 2017 and its regulations. It is therefore very delicate and crucial that these government line agencies function in full cooperation and coordination in terms of responding to the emergency, and that they have timely preparedness and a response plan.
The HCT’s planning assumptions for 2019, which are based on a trend analysis of previous flood events, include the following affected areas: Provinces 2 and 5 - Banke, Bara, Bardiya, Chitwan, Dang, Dhanusha, Jhapa, Kailali, Kanchanpur, Kapilbastu, Mohattari, Morang, Nawalparasi, Parsa, Rautahat, Rupendhi, Saptari, Sarlahi, Siraha, Sunsari, Surkhet and Udaypur (source: draft Shelter cluster contingency plan 2018). IOM as the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster co-lead has been undertaking various activities mainly through OFDA funded projects concerning Government capacity building in preparedness and response at the central and provincial levels. IOM Nepal is finalizing the CCCM Contingency plan in coordination with cluster members, which is in the final stage for circulation. So far, IOM has trained 145 officers from security forces (Nepal Police, Armed Police force and Nepal Army), 210 officials from I/NGOs and government agencies, and 39 GoN staff are the masters trainers of CCCM. The trained officials could be mobilized to prepare for responding effectively to future monsoons and managing displaced population in line with international standards and best practices. CCCM is to be included as one of the topics under the Disaster Management training course of security forces. IOM has designed a CCCM training module for the security forces of Nepal, and security forces in each of the 7 provinces will be trained on CCCM.
IOM’s intervention during the time of response is to: provide support to ensure that the displaced population live a safe and dignified life; ensure assistance to and protection of IDPs in displacement sites and evacuation centers; monitor mobility dynamics and assess humanitarian needs; support the Government for the management of sites/evacuation centers including improvement of sites, and; implementation of an exit strategy or durable solutions, if needed. IOM will ensure proper coordination amongst the Government line agencies and Humanitarian actors, according to the DRRM Act.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: Government officials at the National, Provincial, Municipal and Sub-Municipal levels, Community members from the targeted Municipalities and Districts, Officials from the security forces at the National, Provincial and Municipal levels
Contact Information: Jitendra Bohara, Policy & Program Advisor/Program Manager, +977014426250, email@example.com
IOM Offices: Main Office - Baluwatar, Kathmandu; IOM Resettlement Support Center - Kathmandu; IOM Migration Health Assessment Center - Kathmandu; IOM Sub-Office - Damak; IOM Migration Health Department - Damak.
International Staff: 8
National Staff: 192
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
People to People Support for Building Community Resilience Through Recovery and Reconstruction in NepalAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,000,000Objective:IOM aims to minimize the challenges that the country faces regarding natural hazard-related disasters and displacement, and to build resilience through sustainable recovery and re/construction. The overall objective will be achieved through following major interventions: i) Rebuild or reinforce existing critical infrastructure or community centres to provide safe places for evacuation and recovery following a disaster; ii) Identify and map open spaces using a geographic information system (GIS) to safeguard open spaces as evacuation centres and shelter by communities and the Government; iii) Orient and train newly elected local government officials and community members to mainstream reconstruction within local development plans.Beneficiaries:local government authorities, local communities, households and individuals that are vulnerable to displacement resulting from disasters
Technical Support to Government of Nepal to Implement Disaster Risk Reduction and Management ActAmount Requested: USD 750,975 Amount Received: USD 750,975Objective:IOM aims to contribute to the establishment of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (NDRRMA) following the DRRM Act 2017 by ensuring that guidelines and by-laws are endorsed for the effective implementation of NDRRMA, focusing on organizational and management structures through following outputs: i) Municipal Governments have increased capacity for implementing DRM and post-disaster recovery; ii) Guidelines and by-laws relating to DRRM Act are developed with wider solicitation and consensus from concerned stakeholders; iii) Government, Civil Society, Humanitarian Actors and communities are committed to support and advocate for the implementation of the DRRM Act and NDRRMA.Beneficiaries:elected and appointed officials at the federal, provincial, and local levels
Capacity Building of Nepal's National Security Forces in Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)Amount Requested: USD 400,052 Amount Received: USD 400,052Objective:As the co-lead for CCCM in Nepal, IOM aims to strengthen CCCM coordination platforms at the country level to prepare for and respond effectively to humanitarian crises with strong leadership, accountability and collaborative partnership. In coordination with Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), Ministry of Defence (MoD), Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC), Nepalese Army, Nepal Police, Armed Police Force, Nepal Red Cross Society, the project will: i) Strengthen the capacity of National Security Forces through targeted capacity building activities in displacement management; ii) Capacitate the National Security Forces to apply international standards of displacement management through the practical simulation and; iii) Document all stages of the training to capture lessons learned through the creation of videos.Beneficiaries:Officials of Nepalese Army, Nepal Police, Armed Police Force, and Nepal Red Cross Society
Promoting Action for Disaster Risk Governance and Working to achieve preparedness for Risk reduction through Technical Assistance in Nepal (PARIWARTAN)Amount Requested: USD 1,902,667 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM aims to assist the Government of Nepal to enhance the disaster risk management governance at the federal, provincial and local level. In order to achieve this, the project will support in strengthening the legal framework of both the provincial and local levels taking into account the roles and responsibilities of the federal, provincial as well as local governments for effective and efficient preparedness, response, relief and recovery activities. The proposed project is also designed to address the coordination and knowledge gaps through enhancing the capacity of NDRRMA at Federal level and both provincial and local level governments.Beneficiaries:elected and appointed officials at the federal, provincial, and local levels