As a result of the two major earthquakes that struck Nepal on 25 April and 12 May 2015, nearly 9,000 lives were lost and over a half a million homes were destroyed. It is estimated that the lives of eight million people, almost one-third of the population of Nepal, were affected by these earthquakes. After more than two years following these catastrophic events, approximately 400,000 houses are yet to be rebuilt along with numerous community structures. Similarly, ﬂoods in August 2017 brought by the heaviest rainfall in 15 years triggered widespread large scale ﬂooding and landslides affecting 27 of the country’s 75 districts and have affected 1,688,474 people. According to the Post Flood Recovery Needs Assessment (PFRNA) carried out by the National Planning Commission (NPC), an estimated NPR 73.22 billion is required to support the recovery efforts.
In 2018, IOM plans to support reconstruction or reinforcement of at least eight critical community infrastructures (hospitals/clinics, schools) and public buildings with Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) facilities in eight municipalities within the highly affected districts. In addition, IOM will identify and map open spaces and safeguard these spaces for use as evacuation centres and shelter by communities and the government in ﬁve targeted municipalities. Likewise, IOM will orientate and train newly elected local government oﬃcials and community members on mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and preparedness in reconstruction within local development plans to increase effectiveness and sustainability of overall recovery efforts. IOM will also train oﬃcials from security forces on Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) as they are the ﬁrst responders to any disaster in the country. Moreover, IOM will engage in advocacy and support to long- term solutions for landless ﬂood affected people.
IOM is providing technical support to the Government of Nepal to support the development of policies and by-laws needed to establish the National Disaster Management Agency and the subsequent operationalization of provincial and local level disaster management agencies. IOM also plans to conduct orientation and capacity building activities with government officials at the Federal, Provincial, Municipal and local levels on the new Disaster Management Act, 2017.
IOM is co-leading the CCCM Cluster and works closely with the Shelter Cluster lead and co-lead. IOM also works in close coordination with the Department of Urban Development and Building Construction, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development and National Reconstruction Authority. IOM has good presence in the HCT and works closely with various UN agencies, INGOs and NGOs.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 11,890 earthquake-affected IDPs and 4,000 flood-affected landless person
Contact Information: Jitendra Bohara, Program Manager, Jbohara@iom.int
IOM Offices: Head Office: Kathmandu, Nepal Sub-Offices: Damak, Nepal
International Staff: 192
National Staff: 8
- 9,513 flood affected households have been supported through Shelter and NFIs distribution.
- 24 security forces personnel have received Training of Trainers and will facilitate CCCM roll out trainings in 7 provinces in 2018. Similarly, 57 representatives from government, NGOs, INGOs, civil society have been trained on CCCM.
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
People to People Support for Building Community Resilience through Recovery and Reconstruction of NepalAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,000,000Objective:To have safer critical infrastructure, evacuation / collection points, and a focus on reconstruction and building back better for targeted communities. Activties include: Rebuild or reinforce existing critical infrastructure or community centres to provide safe places for evacuation and recovery following a disaster; identify and map open spaces using a Geographic Information System (GIS) to safeguard open spaces as evacuation centers and shelter by communities and the Government and orient and train newly elected local government officials and community members to mainstream reconstruction within local development plans.Beneficiaries:24 earthquake-affected communities
Technical Support to the Government of Nepal to implement The Disaster Risk Reduction and Management ActAmount Requested: USD 749,265 Amount Received: USD 749,265Objective:The project will contribute to the establishment of a National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (NDRRMA) following the DRRM Act. Activities include: i) embed a senior national expert on DRR/DRM within the NDRRMA; ii) high Level Political Dialogues; In-house closed door workshop; iii) an inter-ministerial closed door meeting/workshop and exchange visits; iv) 7 provincial level and 7 municipal level and rural municipal consultations; Workshop with donors, INGOs and UN agencies; and v) national Level Consultation and Conduct comprehensive media advocacy campaign around the new act and the NDRRMA by holding talk shows in national media and air it in all provinces in Nepal.Beneficiaries:Elected and appointed officials at the Federal, Provincial, Municipal and local levels, NDRRMA, PDMC, DDMC, LDMC
Shelter and Non-food items
Assistance and protection to landless vulnerable flood affected communities in Banke and MorangAmount Requested: USD 345,817 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Meet the humanitarian needs for safe shelter and settlement areas to the flood affected landless people of Banke and Morang. Activities include: i) distribution of shelter and NFI kits to flood affected landless people living in-camp sites in Banke and Morang; Construction of WASH facilities in camp sites in Banke and Morang; and ii) site improvement and construction of facilities of the camp sites in Banke and Morang; Map existing laws/policies, legal frameworks and institutional capacities to address the situation of landless displaced populations and identify gaps.Beneficiaries:8 landless vulnerable flood-affected communities