As a result of the devastating earthquakes that struck Nepal in April and May 2015, nearly 9,000 individuals lost their lives, 22,000 were injured and over 600,000 homes damaged or destroyed. According to the latest report produced by IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (December 2016), over 15,000 individuals remain displaced in sites across 11 of the worst affected districts. Many of the displaced are unable to return to their homes and continue to live in the sites with no clear end to their displacement.
As the emergency transitions into recovery, IOM continues to provide targeted technical assistance to the Government of Nepal (GoN) through the National Reconstruction Authority in areas related to shelter, disaster preparedness and CCCM. Despite the efforts of the Government to move forward with housing recovery and reconstruction, the pace of implementation has been slow and nearly 4,000 households remain displaced. Further compounding the vulnerability of displaced households is the harsh winter and monsoon seasons, particularly for those remaining in displacement sites at high altitudes, landslide-prone communities or individuals suffering from already abysmal shelter conditions. A comprehensive IDP policy which adheres to international humanitarian principles and the lack thereof of its understanding amongst the national stakeholders and targeted durable solutions strategy and respective action plan for the remaining earthquake-displaced households has yet to be developed and continues to be key obstacle in ending current and future displacements caused by natural disasters. Considering the particularly high vulnerability of the Nepalese population to various natural disasters, IOM aims to support the Government of Nepal, civil society and the private sector to increase its resilience to the impacts of disaster through targeted disaster risk reduction and resilience-building initiatives and will continue to advocate for necessary assistance to meet the needs of displaced populations from the 2015 earthquakes.
Additionally, Nepal continues to recover from the decade-long conflict, active from 1996 to 2006, which resulted in widespread human rights violations, including killings, enforced disappearances, torture, rape and other forms of sexual violence which particularly affected women and marginalized groups. To date, these violations remain largely unaddressed and unacknowledged by the GoN. Moreover, policies enacted and relief packages provided by the government do not reflect the comprehensive needs of those affected by the conflict and specific groups such as survivors of conflict related sexual violence and torture have been excluded from accessing assistance. In response, IOM in coordination with various government line ministries intends to support conflict victims access government services through institutional capacity building, establishment of mechanism and systems, policy support and advocacy and ultimately strengthening reparations mechanisms.
Note: Interventions are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 667,040 displaced, victims of conflict and vulnerable groups
Contact Information: Mr. Paul I. Norton, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org
IOM Offices: Country Office: Kathmandu; Sub-Offices: Damak
International Staff: 17
National Staff: 342
- Over 82,000 community members of earthquake affected areas informed of life-saving protection measures on Gender Based Violence, human trafficking and risk of unsafe migration
- ‘Build Back Safer’ Awareness Raising training provided to 28,000 earthquake-affected individuals (60% female) and assisted over 650,000 displaced individuals with the provision of emergency shelter and non-food items
- Conducted four rounds of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix, monitoring displaced populations and advocating for their urgent needs within displacement sites
- Demolished a total of 733 dangerous buildings, improving safety and access to communities and engaging 6,183 individuals in Cash-for-Work scheme
- Nearly 27,000 earthquake affected individuals assisted through a comprehensive emergency health response including rehabilitative care, health promotional session, mobile clinics and psychosocial support
- Assisted over 130 critical cases of Conflict Related Sexual Violence with health support and/or psychosocial counselling
Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience Building
Increasing Awareness and Improving Access of Urban Households to Risk-Sharing Mechanisms to Increase Preparedness and Bolster Resilience in the Event of Future DisastersAmount Requested: USD 800,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute to disaster risk reduction and disaster preparedness among urban populations in Kathmandu Valley. To mitigate risk and increase resilience in the event of future disaster through a private/public partnership that will provide insurance coverage to homes based on adherence to building codes by home owners; to improve understanding and increase access of urban households in selected municipal wards of Kathmandu valley to relevant financial products responding to their housing preparedness needs.Beneficiaries:48,600 urban individuals and eight organizations
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Support the development of a comprehensive IDP policy to address current and future displacements caused by natural disasters in NepalAmount Requested: USD 271,159 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute to the Government of Nepal€™s (GoN) efforts in planning for the safe, orderly and humane management of displaced populations which will in turn assist in meeting the urgent residual needs of earthquake displaced populations remaining in displacement sites. Activities include tracking displaced populations, capacity building workshops on international standards for the treatment of internally displaced persons, district and central level advocacy as well as support to the GoN for the development of a comprehensive IDP policy in line with international humanitarian and human rights laws.Beneficiaries:18,000 displaced individuals
Land and Property Support
Supporting the Government of Nepal to Establish Fair, Transparent and Effective Land Distribution Policies for Landless and DalitsAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To ensure the inclusion of Dalits in land distribution policies and subsequent programs. Activities include development of land distribution policy, frameworks and systems that in line with international human rights standards, mapping of previous and existing programs of the Government targeted for Dalits and provide a set of concrete recommendations for improving the delivery, processing, reporting and monitoring and evaluation.Beneficiaries:Hill Dalits: 210,025 Madhes (Plains) Dalits: 389,929