Mozambique is a country with a high frequency, alternation and intensity of extreme events, mainly cyclones, floods, droughts, epidemics and earthquakes. Cyclone Idai, a category-4 cyclone made landfall near Beira City, Sofala Province in central Mozambique on 14 March 2019, bringing with it extreme winds of up to 224km/h, torrential rains and flash floods. The Government of Mozambique has estimated that 1,850,00 people have been affected by the cyclone and its aftermath. The situation has been compounded an already fragile population, and storms and flooding in the central region of Mozambique have affected 141,000 people, including 66 deaths. As of 22 March 2019, the Government reported that the death toll from the storm stands at 242, and more than 95,000 people have taken shelter throughout 100 collective displacement sites. Health and education facilities have also suffered significant damage, with more than 2,800 classrooms and 39 health centres impacted. Roads have been severely damaged, and more than 385,300 hectares of crops have been damaged, which will impact food security in the months ahead. Local community infrastructures, electricity, communications (radio and cell phone) and other major public services will need in depth assistance to be re-established for supporting ongoing relief operations, as well as the longer-term recovery process.
In order to meet the exigencies of the crisis, IOM plans to provide a wide range of assistance to vulnerable populations and affected communities, combining different emergency aid and development assistance elements. IOM will target 600,000 beneficiaries, providing assistance to individuals across the following sectors; Shelter and -food Items (NFI), Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Displacement Tracking, Health, Protection, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene and Early Recovery.
Access to the cyclone affected areas is still under assessment, however IOM works is working closely with Governmental and Humanitarian partners the UN logistic cluster, to identify and overcome access constraints. IOM has a long-standing partnership and working relationships with COSACA, CHEMO, and the Mozambican Red Cross (CVM) for emergency response activities and will focus its efforts on supporting NGO activities along with scaling up its own response. IOM leads the CCCM Cluster under INGC guidance and is a Co-lead of the Shelter/NFI and Food Security Cluster. IOM is also an active partner in the Protection, WASH, Health, and Early Recovery Clusters. An additional 30 staff are being deployed for the response from IOM’s global roster, including experts on Shelter, Camp Management, Health, Protection and Early Recovery to provide urgent life-saving needs of the affected population. IOM will also implement its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) program to provide key information and critical insights into the situation on internally displaced and affected persons.
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Mozambique Humanitarian Response Plan 2019. The strategic objectives are to: 1) Provide immediate life-saving and life-sustaining assistance to the population affected by severe food insecurity; 2) Provide immediate life-saving assistance to the population affected by the damage and destruction caused by Tropical Cyclone Idai and associated flooding; 3) Support the restoration of the livelihoods of drought and flood-affected people through resiliencebuilding interventions to mitigate the humanitarian impacts of erratic weather. IOM will therefore address urgent migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 600,000 individuals.
Contact Information: Katharina Schnoering: firstname.lastname@example.org - Maputo
IOM Offices: Main Office: Maputo, Sub-Office: Pemba, Other Locations: Tete
Provision of Disaster Risk Reduction and Early Recovery Strategies - MozambiqueAmount Requested: USD 6,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM's transition and recovery approach to solutions for the affected includes a focus on three priority areas – community engagement, livelihoods and infrastructure rehabilitation or installation.Beneficiaries:100,000 individuals
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Provision of WASH Services for Flood-Affected PopulationsAmount Requested: USD 6,000,000 Amount Received: USD 299,600Objective:IOM will aim to ensure that safe and sufficient potable water is available for the flood-affected populations. IOM activities will take into account the rehabilitation of water infrastructures, consisting in the dewatering and disinfection of wells and boreholes. IOM will set up a new emergency water treatment with its relative distribution points in areas where it is not feasible the rehabilitation of the damaged infrastructure.Beneficiaries:200,000 individuals
Fostering Health Support to Vulnerable Cyclone-Affected IndividualsAmount Requested: USD 3,561,000 Amount Received: USD 421,927Objective:IOM will target 100,000 people in need of health support. IOM will provide health referrals, transfers and assisted hospital discharge for cyclone-affected populations in order to reduce morbidity and mortality among cyclone-affected population by increasing access to medical care for the most vulnerable including the critically injured, children, elderly, women (pregnant and nursing), people with disabilities, HIV and TB patients and other vulnerable persons. IOM will provide technical support and will provide trainings to local organizations, governmental partners and other humanitarian partners on provision of Psychological First Aid (PFA) and family and child-friendly psychosocial support (PSS) services to support positive coping mechanisms for cyclone-affected communities.Beneficiaries:100,000 individuals
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)
Implement Displacement Tracking Matrix to track mobility and displacement - MozambiqueAmount Requested: USD 3,800,000 Amount Received: USD 2,624,642Objective:IOM will implement its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) program to provide key information and critical insights into the situation on internally displaced and affected persons in Mozambique. Specifically, DTM will provide humanitarian stakeholders with a mapping of displacement sites, demographics of the most affected, mobility tracking as populations move to and from sites towards return and relocation, as well as detailed inter-sectorial information on all assessed sites to support strategic decision making around resource allocation.Beneficiaries:900,000 individuals
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to men, women, boys and girls in displacement sites in MozambiqueAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 2,062,089Objective:IOM will provide national CCCM capacity building activities in Mozambique, and will lead the coordination for the CCCM cluster, working closely with the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) team to monitor displacement, needs, gaps, living conditions and services in displacement and return locations. At the site level, IOM will work with local authorities and local partners to establish mobile and dedicated teams that will focus on: i) Establishing complaint and feedback mechanisms (AAP), engaging/mobilizing the community in an inclusive manner thereby empowering the community in collaborating with various actors in seeking solutions to their circumstances from the start, aimed at improving life with dignity for them whilst in displacement and towards pursuit of durable solutions; ii) Supporting sub-national authorities (district administrators and DRM committees) to establish a platform to coordinate the humanitarian response at site or area-level; iii) Engaging suitable actors to provide technical and other vital support to the Government in the management of the transit centres and camps; iv) Supporting returns (providing transport, tailored returned packages incorporating cash and in-kind assistance, etc.); v) For priority locations, where return is not yet possible, providing site improvement, infrastructure and/or upgrades to transit centres and camps; vi) Carrying out CCCM capacity building activities for local authorities and local actors and leaders, specifically district administrators and disaster management committees which include multiple line ministries and play and active role in the coordinated service delivery of the response; vii) Decommissioning and closing transit sites that include returning the sites to its original use when appropriate.Beneficiaries:100,000 individuals
Shelter and Non-food items
Improve access to Shelter and Non-food Items among cyclone-affected populations - MozambiqueAmount Requested: USD 12,000,000 Amount Received: USD 10,367,013Objective:IOM will focus on providing emergency shelter and non-food items to 200,000 affected people (40,000 households), displaced and non-displaced whose houses have been destroyed, damaged or flooded. The response will prioritize vulnerable groups, including women and men, boys and girls living in displacement sites to support rapid return and recovery.Beneficiaries:200,000 individuals
Protection Services for Vulnerable Cyclone-Affected Populations in MozambiqueAmount Requested: USD 2,000,000 Amount Received: USD 789,317Objective:IOM's response aims to protect and assist vulnerable populations, including victims and potential victims of trafficking in persons, survivors of GBV, unaccompanied and separated children as well as other persons at risk of violence, abuse and exploitation. With this aim, IOM's Protection programme will support the activation of the referral mechanism for vulnerable populations in emergencies.Beneficiaries:100,000 individuals