Mozambique is considered to be extremely prone to recurrent natural hazards, namely floods, tropical storms, drought, and earthquakes. Nine of its rivers have sources in neighboring countries, requiring cross-border coordination for early warning alerts. Sixty percent of the population lives along the coastline and are therefore vulnerable to tropical storms. In the first quarter of 2015 the country witnessed one of the most critical flooding displacing a total of 150,000 persons and causing severe damage on infrastructure. With the impact of El Niño, the Technical Secretariat for Food and Nutritional Security (SETSAN), reported that in March, about 1.5 million persons were experiencing food insecurity in the country. With the evolving impact of the drought, the latest SETSAN report published in December, indicates that the number of food insecure persons has grown to 2 million. In addition, given the political unrest mainly in the north and central provinces, people that were already affected by drought were forced to flee their homes in search for safer places in places that are already suffering the impact of the drought. Despite the immeasurable effort of the government, the HCT and other partners to assist and protect families in need, whether in camps, resettlement sites or in host families, the IDP´s continue to experience food insecurity which exacerbated their vulnerability and that of the host families.
The government’s 2016-2017 Rain Season National Contingency Plan indicates that about 74,000 persons will be affected by both floods, droughts and cyclones in the country. In January and February 2017 alone, Mozambique has, beside the ongoing drought, experienced the impact of ﬂooding in its central and southern regions, as well as that of Cyclone DINEO in Inhambane province, resulting in the destruction of housing and other public infrastructure. Mozambique’s vulnerability to natural disasters and other climate phenomena poses a great challenge for the country and calls for more actions to be carried out in order to mitigate the impact on the current and future affected population.
In line with Rain Season National Contingency Plan, the Humanitarian Country Team Response Plan and the Migration Crisis Operational Framework. IOM has been implementing several activities and foresees to continue expanding its current interventions for further coverage.
Contact Information: Mrs. Katharina Schnoering - Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, Mr. Justino Junior – Project Assistant Training Coordinator – email@example.com, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel: +258 21 328483, Internet: http://www.iom.int
IOM Offices: Country Office: Mozambique-Maputo
International Staff: 6
National Staff: 17
- IOM implemented an NFI and Wash Project in two most drought affected districts (Moamba and Namaacha) both in Maputo province benefitting about 19,000.
- A total of 1,175 disaster management focal points at national level and 34 municipalities trained and equipped with materials on decentralized Emergency Response Process.
- A total of 489 disaster management focal points trained in CCCM.
Shelter and Non-food items
Resilience and Mobility in ZambÃ©ziaAmount Requested: USD 2,250,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The project aims to empower communities; to improve food security and self-resilience; build resilience to disasters by ensuring access to livelihoods, access to land tenure and access to services.Beneficiaries:More than 1,800 vulnerable families in five communities affected by drought and floods in ZambÃ©zia
Strengthening and Expanding the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM): MozambiqueAmount Requested: USD 494,194 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To support the government in tracking the trends of displacement with the intent to facilitate more effective coordination of assistance for both government and partner agencies, as part of the Humanitarian Country Team.Beneficiaries:74,000 persons from 6 provinces, namely: Tete, Manica, Inhambane, Sofala, Zambezia and Gaza
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Rehabilitation of multi-use water distribution systems and strengthening of community structures in provincial and district risk management with emphasis on water management processesAmount Requested: USD 900,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Support the provincial office of the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) in Maputo to address long term sustainability plans in support of communities to mitigate the impact of the drought that makes communities dependent on water trucking, a situation that exists in all the province with more than 26,500 individuals in this situation.Beneficiaries:8,783 persons from two districts (Moamba and Namaacha) in Maputo province
Shelter and Non-Food Items & Food Security
Community Stabilization in Manica Province for IDP communitiesAmount Requested: USD 1,556,489 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Improve human security by developing a holistic approach to resilience and resources management through supporting local capacities by (1) strengthening local capacity in response to the settlement process and prevent further disaster risk by creating a landowners association in the settlement areas, support with disasters (CLGRC) in the settlement areas; (2) promoting livelihood development and diversification through context-sensitive Farm Field Schools (FFS), use of improved agricultural inputs through an electronic voucher scheme and the creation of small businesses to allow families to extend their sources of income and their generation of assets, including keyhole gardens, food processing, livestock, among others; (3) increasing community-driven resilience by developing a comprehensive neighborhood planning design that encompasses the creation of connected, integrated and inclusive settlements, which promotes access to basic services infrastructure (linkage to essential health services, shelter units, access roads, water points, education, health among others); and (4) Support IDP´s with the construction of resilient shelter and housing units by the elaboration of a range of affordable materials and hazard adaptive housing models, hands-on trainings on resilient constructions for housing, sanitation, and community.Beneficiaries:1,500 families (7,874 individuals) from receiving communities, 250 members of the Provincial and District Disaster Management Technical Councils, 8 Local Disaster Risk Management Committees, 1,000 youth, 1,000 farmers and members of farmers associations