Mauritania has had, at least since the 1970s, persistent and recurring periods of droughts (1968-1974,1983- 1984, 2002-2003, 2005-2009, 2011-2012). The current rainy season has seen limited rainfall, which has negatively affected the ecological, social, economic and even cultural environment of Mauritania.
In addition, the Department of Bassikounou is hosting the large refugee camp of M’bera, providing refuge since 2012 to Malians ﬂeeing the conﬂict in Mali. This large refugee camp and the herds of animals which were brought along, have put considerable additional pressure on the already fragile surrounding environment with intense competition for ﬁrewood, water and pasture.
In 2018, to respondresponse to the severe drought that is severely affecting households and livestock, IOM plans to increase livelihood opportunities for vulnerable refugees and selected host communities in order to mitigate food insecurity, conﬂict and rural emigration through the following:
- Safeguadandinceasehostcommunities’livestockbeedingandfarmingesouces; and
IOM works in coordination with the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Hydraulics and Sanitation, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Breeding, UN agencies (including UNHCR, WHO and UNICEF among others), international and national NGOs.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 6,000 refugees and 6,000 host communities
Contact Information: Momme Ducros, Project Manager, firstname.lastname@example.org. IOM Mauritania Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/iommauritania/
IOM Offices: Country Office: Mauritania, Sub-Offices: Bassiknou and Sélibaby
International Staff: 14
National Staff: 35
- 2 Water Points were constructed.
- 15,000 head of cattle were vaccinated.
- 35 mixed committees for conflict prevention were created.
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Increasing livelihood opportunities for Malian refugees and selected host communities in Hodh Ech Chargui, MauritaniaAmount Requested: USD 1,940,000 Amount Received: USD 1,400,000Objective:Combating food insecurity and increasing livelihood opportunities for Malian refugees and host communities to prevent conflict and rural emigration through distribution of cattle feed, construction of water of points and creation of mixed (peace committees).Beneficiaries:6,000 refugees and 6,000 non-refugees within host communities
Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration