The southeast region of Mauritania, and in particular Hodh ech Chargui is the most food insecure region in Mauritania, with 44.1 percent of households classified as food insecure in 2015. It is also the region with the highest percentage of severe food insecurity, affecting 14.2 percent of households in the province. During the last three months of 2016, the region recorded an influx of approximately 5,000 new refugees from North and Center Mali, with no voluntary return registered.
In these conditions, it is extremely hard for the local population, who rely heavily on the agro-pastoral sector, to provide for their livelihoods. The prolonged presence of Malian refugees further exacerbates the situation. Despite the voluntary return of more than 1,800 refugees from M’bera camp since January 2016, the security conditions in northern Mali remain unstable. UNHCR does not envisage large-scale return of Malian refugees “due to the continued conflict in northern Mali, the lack of security and stability, and the absence of civil administration and state authorities in the area.”. Should no interventions take place, the long-term availability of natural resources in the Bassikounou Department will be seriously threatened and it will become increasingly difficult for residents of host communities to provide for their livelihood, resulting in a rise of conflict and rural emigration.
IOM will for 2017 focused on the most urgent needs of host populations and refugees, namely access to water and animal health. Needs that have been identified during the Joint Assessment Mission done in 2016. Also, from IOM’s internal data about Mauritanian living irregularly in Europe, it appears that the majority of them is coming from the Guidimakha region. Therefore, IOM Mauritania will complement its activities in the region with an AVRR component.
IOM Mauritania is part of the multisector refugee, WASH and Protection sectors. Its main UN partner is UNHCR for activities in the camps and the Ministry of Livelihood for our action in the local host communities.
Note: IOM has included interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to provide the humanitarian needs of the UMNs and the vulnerable communities.
 UNHCR Operational update, 15 October 2016. Available online: http://reporting.unhcr.org/sites/default/files/UNHCR%20Mauritania-Operat...
Contact Information: Country Office: Nouakchott, Mauritania; Sub-Offices: Bassiknou; Presence in Nouakchott and Bassiknou
IOM Offices: Ms. Anke STRAUSS, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org]. Mr. Momme DUCROS, Community stabilization project Manager, email@example.com. Tel: office + 222 45 24 40 81
International Staff: 10
National Staff: 19
- IOM installed 1 integrated farm with agriculture, fishing and chicken coops benefiting 112 individuals of from the host communities.
- IOM rehabilitated two water facilities which benefited 1,000 beneficiaries across two villages around Bassikounou who were affected by the presence of refugee livestock and the drought.
- IOM delivered livestock treatment for 14,580 animals, including 10,300 animals from the M’béra refugee camp.
- IOM installed a modern slaughter house in the refugee camp who benefits for all the refugees (around 45,000 persons)
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Preventing conflict and rural emigration through improved natural resources management in south-east mauritaniaAmount Requested: USD 750,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:(1) Better preservation of natural resources, (2) farming and breeding better adapted to the fragile environment, and (3) strengthened community dialogue and sustainable resource management.Beneficiaries:1,000 direct beneficiaries from the Host Community in Bassknou
Return and Reintegration Assistance
Addressing root causes of irregular migration in Mauritania and promoting legal and dignified migrationAmount Requested: USD 600,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:(1) Assisting sustainable return of irregular migrants in their country of origin, (2) establishment of a farm cooperative with extension to income generating activities through micro-financing mechanism, and (3) counter-trafficking awareness raising campaignsBeneficiaries:310 direct beneficiaries including 60 irregular migrants who will benefits from the AVRR