Since 2012, Mali has been engulfed by a civil crisis that has led to many deaths and the displacement of more than 500,000 persons internally, while thousands more are seeking refuge in neighboring countries. The crisis has also destroyed basic and communal infrastructure thereby making it difficult for local communities to restart their lives. Hospitals, schools and other social services have also been greatly impacted. The number of psychosocial cases from the effects of the war are alarming with no national mechanism in place to respond. Over the past years, thousands of internally displaced persons (IDPs) have returned leaving an estimated 60,000 persons still displaced in various communities. Additionally, isolated but fatal inter-communal and inter-tribal violence leads to new displacements with associated humanitarian and longer-term needs.
IOM has been working closely with the Ministry of Solidarity and Humanitarian Action and other partner agencies – UN, NGOs both local and international, to respond to the needs of those impacted by crisis and displacement. Given the dynamic nature of the displacement and in order to track and register a near-accurate number of IDPs and returnees, IOM intends to continue its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities that have proven effective since 2014. This activity has been transferred to the Government of Mali through the Ministry of Solidarity and Humanitarian Action but still largely depends on IOM’s technical and financial support to function. It is the only source of information on displacement that is referenced by all agencies. To support recovery and progress towards the achievement of durable solutions a range of activities are foreseen. IOM intends to provide market-orientated income generation support to vulnerable IDPs as well as host community members and returnees; this will alleviate the dependency on humanitarian assistance and build self-reliance. Recognizing the psychosocial impacts of crisis, IOM intends to provide psychosocial assistance to affected populations. Finally, assistance through rehabilitation of houses destroyed during the crisis will also be done for the most vulnerable families with no means of income.
IOM has been greatly involved in providing needed assistance to the affected families since the crisis began. With six offices in Mali located in Bamako, the main office, and sub offices in Mopti, Tombouctou, and Gao and a field office in Kayes and Segou. IOM has a significant operational footprint and engages directly, and through partners, with affected populations. IOM is the co-lead of the Protection Cluster, Shelter Cluster and a member of the WASH Cluster. IOM has a strong relationship with the Government of Mali and works well with relevant humanitarian and development agencies.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 2,000 IDPs and host communities
Contact Information: Contact Bakary Doumbia, Chief of Mission, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Phone Number +223 90500001
IOM Offices: Country Office: Bamako, Sub-Offices: Mopti, Tombouctou, Gao, Field Office: Kayes and Segou
International Staff: 8
National Staff: 43
- 851 vulnerable individuals were identified in Mopti and Tombouctou regions.
- 50 of the most vulnerable families were supported with market-orientated income generating support, fostering self-reliance.
- 74 individuals participated in stress management workshops to help with their conditions.
- 149 individuals in evident need of psychosocial support and mental health care were referred to specialized agencies for further examination and assistance.
- 40 community facilitators were trained for population engagement and information dissemination.
- 2 counseling centers, one each in Mopti and Tombouctou, were rehabilitated to serve as gathering places for discussions and social cohesion.
Protecting vulnerable IDPs, Returnees, and Host Communities in Mali through the identification of specific vulnerabilities and basic needs, and the provision of psychosocial assistance and referralsAmount Requested: USD 1,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide protection assistance to the most vulnerable persons affected by the conflict through direct support and referral to partner organizations and or existing mechanisms. Activities will include: i) provision of quality psychosocial support to conflict-affected children including those associated with armed groups; ii) provision of holistic assistance (medical, psychosocial, socio-economic reintegration, schooling, and accommodation) to victims of gender-based violence affected during the conflict; iii) reinforcing and/or putting in place mental health and psychosocial support services for women and girls affected by the conflict; iv) sensitizing the war-affected persons and host communities on conflict management relating to access to goods and natural resources; v) putting in place favourable conditions for reintegration of displaced persons, returnees, and repatriates, in order to provide initial support to vulnerable individuals; and vi) conducting training and awareness sessions on conflict management and self-protection.Beneficiaries:300 direct beneficiaries from IDPs, returnees and host communities
Reinforce protection of IDPs and returnees in Mopti, Tombouctou, and Kidal regionsAmount Requested: USD 650,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The overall objective of the intervention is to reinforce and facilitate access to protection services by IDPs and returnees in Mopti, Tombouctou, and Kidal regions. Activities will include: i) carry out 4 DTM surveys; ii) produce 4 DTM reports; iii) profile IDPs, returnees and repatriates to identify their needs to allow proper intervention by humanitarian agencies; iv) train data collection agents to properly identify vulnerable cases; v) provide mental heath and psychosocial support on need basis; vi) refer serious cases to specialized agencies for proper consultation and assistance and vii) provide NFIs to the most vulnerable cases.Beneficiaries:300 direct beneficiaries from IDPs, returnees and host communities
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Improve access to WASH in areas of high concentration of IDPs and ReturneesAmount Requested: USD 2,450,000 Amount Received: USD 850,000Objective:Improve and increase access to water and sanitation in highly populated return areas. Activities will include: i) rehabilitation of water wells; ii) rehabilitation of boreholes; iii) provision of training on the use and management of water sources in a sustainable way. The management team will be mixed, with both men and women; iv) training committed community members in carrying out basic repairs of the water sources; v) sensitization of the local communities on care and maintenance of the water sources and their environments; vi) procuring and distribution of WASH kits to at least 500 families; and vii) provision of water treating chemicals to render the well water potable and train the users on its applications.Beneficiaries:11,640 individuals from IDPs, returnees and host communities
Provide reintegration assistance to returnees to restart their livesAmount Requested: USD 1,200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide income generating support to returnees in crisis-affected regions to rebuild their lives. Activities will include: i) identification of beneficiaries in coordination with local committees. Targeted beneficiaries will include returnees and members of communities of return; ii) identification of market-orientated income generating activities, based on market assessments; iii) establishing selection criteria of beneficiaries that will be transparent and participatory to avoid tensions among the population; iv) assessing the capacity and interest of beneficiaries to conduct selected activities to ensure success and sustainability; v) training the beneficiaries in business and financial management; and vi) regular monitoring and evaluation visits to ensure the activities are on track and difficulties are addressed.Beneficiaries:500 families (incl. 400 returnee families and 100 host community families)
Shelter and Non-food items
Provide shelter to returnees and accommodation to IDPs in Mopti, Tombouctou, and Gao regionsAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide adequate housing conditions to returnees and IDPs in the affected areas. Activities will include: i)identification of beneficiaries selected from vulnerable families among the returnees and IDPs; ii) ensuring that land on which houses will be rehabilitated is not contentious and the land tenure is secure; iii) rehabilitation of damaged houses in the targeted areas for identified families; iv) train builders in various communities on house repairs; and v) provision of housing rentals to vulnerable IDPs still paying for accommodation to their host families; and provision of non-food items including cooking utensils, mosquito nets, bedspreads, buckets, and other necessary materials needed for everyday use.Beneficiaries:500 IDPs, returnee and host community families (approx. 2,500 individuals)