Because of its location in the Southwestern Indian Ocean along the Mozambique Channel, Madagascar is prone to extreme weather-related events such as droughts, cyclones, and ﬂoods. Over the past two years, tropical cyclones Enawo (2017) and AVA (2018), as well as Tropical Storm (FTT) Eliakim (2018) hit Madagascar and displaced a cumulated total number of close to 321,485 people due to the effects of rains (flood), wind and threat of landslides and thousands of houses were flooded / destroyed.
The Southern part of Madagascar has experienced a particularly severe dry spell in the years 2015 – 2016 due to the El nino effect and the effects has slowly receded in 2017 but it is foreseen for the upcoming season around 1 million people, or 30% of the population in 12 districts, are in IPC Phase 3 (crisis) and 4 (Emergency), and require urgent action to reduce their food and nutrition deficits and protect their livelihoods (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification – June 2018 – South and West South of Madagascar).
The drought has also induced signiﬁcant mobility from the affected areas. According to the latest Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) report (April 2018), during the first quarter of 2018 significant and early displacements were recorded in some municipalities in the Androy region, whereas these usually only occur from July onwards.
Since March 2017, IOM has deployed DTM tools in the South to monitor drought-induced displacement. IOM has trained local stakeholders as well as central stakeholders from the National Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Authority (Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes - BNGRC) on DTM tools, including survey development, data collection, data entry, and reporting. In November 2017, IOM participated in the review workshop of the National Contingency Plan, and in response to existing risks, IOM intends to: 1) support the BNGRC in the further roll out of DTM tools as the national data management system for mass displacement of population induced by natural disasters; 2) develop camp management and camp coordination (CCCM) capacities of frontline stakeholders to manage rapid onset mass displacement of populations; and 3) continue to mitigate the impacts of the drought and forced migration in the south of the country through activities that support community stabilization and transition.
IOM is a member of the Humanitarian Country Team and Shelter Cluster. NGOs work closely with IOM as implementing partners. IOM is also a part of joint projects with other UN agencies and implements its humanitarian projects under the institutional leadership and in partnership with the BNGRC.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 6,000 Households in Southern Madagascar,central and frontline DRM stakeholders
Contact Information: Daniel Silva y Poveda, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, 00261325654954
IOM Offices: Country Office: Antananarivo Sub-Offices: Ambovombe, Betroka Other locations IOM carries out activities: Moroni (Comoros)
International Staff: 3
National Staff: 13
- 2,644 households affected by Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo were provided with robust shelter kits adapted to local traditional construction needs and tailored for increased resistance to strong winds and heavy rains brought by regular cyclones to the Northeast of Madagascar.
- 82 DRM actors from national and districts levels were trained on DTM tools.
- 3 DTM reports were released, and reports findings on drought-induced displacement trends and impacts were disseminated to humanitarian and development stakeholders active in Southern Madagascar to inform the ongoing humanitarian response and early recovery strategies.
- Community-based dialogues were held in 8 communities of the Androy Region and community stabilization initiatives were identified in the communities to reduce the pressure and negative impacts of the drought on forced migration.
Camp Management and Displacement Tracking
Improved internal displacement monitoring, and information management in areas of origin and destination of internal migrants.Amount Requested: USD 450,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Improved internal displacement monitoring, and information management for effective and evidence-based response to internal migration in areas of origin and destination of internal migrants. Key activities include: i) contextualization and implementation of the Displacement Tracking Tools in neighbouring regions and in primary areas of destination of migrants from the South of the country; ii) conducting training of data collectors, enumerators, and analysts in the primary areas of destination; ensuring regular DTM data collection rounds in the areas of origin and destination of internal migrants; and iii) production and dissemination to humanitarian and development stakeholders of regular DTM reports highlighting internal migration trends to and from the drought recovering areas of Southern Madagascar, and on the perspectives on return migration to areas of origin.Beneficiaries:Direct beneficiaries include: DRM actors and local humanitarian and development stakeholders inareas of origin and destination of the migrants; Indirect beneficiaries include: populations and local authorities
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Improved resilience in migration-affected communities in Southern MadagascarAmount Requested: USD 350,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:The most vulnerable households from 50 migration-affected communities have access to livelihoods that supports their resilience and community stabilization. Based on the data collected through the DTM and partners' reports, the most vulnerable communities of forced migration in the Regions of Southern Madagascar will be identified and selected. In each of these communities, IOM will implement a resilience-building programme of livelihoods assistance. The nature of assistance will be guided by the imperative to support the household's own recovery, and broader community stabilization efforts, and will be the result of a collective decision of the community through community-based dialogues. Livelihoods assistance may include distribution of agricultural inputs and materials (including drought-resistant seeds, crop protectants, etc.), supplying of productive livestock, and promotion of cash generating activities (including targeted skills development and distribution of startup kits).Beneficiaries:Direct beneficiaries: 500 households (2,500 individuals for an average of 5 persons per household); Indirect beneficiaries: populations and authorities in 60 communities most affected by migration in Southern Madagascar