In the last 12 months, ongoing conﬂict has directly affected an estimated 1.62 million people in Libya. According to the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2018, 1.1 million people require life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection. As of March 2018, there were still around 179,400 IDPs, while some 372,022-people returned to their places of origin. Libya continues to be the main transit point of departure for people attempting to cross the Mediterranean into Europe. Over 600,000 migrants in Libya (the total estimated number is between 700,000-1,000,000) are particularly exposed to abuse and human rights violations, as rent-seeking armed groups proliferate and engage in smuggling, traﬃcking and exploitation of this group. Increasing interceptions/roundups have resulted in an increased number of migrants detained and exposed to abuses.
In 2018, IOM plans to aid IDPs, returnees and affected communities as well as to migrants in Libya. Key interventions will include rapid multi-sectorial assessments, advocacy for release of detained migrants, provision of multi-sectoral development-oriented and life-saving assistance, including core relief items and emergency food, psychosocial support, health assistance, multi-purpose cash assistance, registration, documentation, Voluntary Humanitarian Return, and monitoring of migration ﬂows and protection, including Displacement Tracking Matrix. Restoring basic functionality of essential services and livelihoods will also be part of IOM’s response for 2018.
IOM coordinates its response with the UNHCR through regular and ad-hoc sector meetings. Coordination for the migrants and refugee’s response is co-led by IOM and UNHCR though the Mixed Migration Working Group (MMWG). Additionally, IOM coordinates closely with Government counterparts, including the DCIM, Libyan Coast Guard, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Social Affairs and local municipalities, primarily in identifying target locations and beneﬁciaries. IOM Libya makes use of its well-established network of local NGOs, CSOs and local crisis committees, securing their support throughout the implementation of its activities.
Note: the projects below are part of the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Libya 2018.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 163,000 migrants, and 215,000 IDPs, returnees, and affected communities
Contact Information: IOM Libya; Project Development Unit. POC; Antonio Salanga- Senior Programme Development and Donor Relations Officer, [email protected], +216-29-808-929. https://www.iom.int/countries/libya.
IOM Offices: Country Office: Tunis, Tunisia, Sub-Offices: Tripoli, Libya.
International Staff: 26
National Staff: 52
- Health; 14,883 migrants received medical care.
- Multi Sector; 16,021 migrants to Libya were interviewed regarding reasons for choosing Libya as country of destination.
- Protection; 291 displaced families took part in psychosocial support activities.
- Shelter and Non-Food Items; 50,298 migrants and 51,882 Internally Displaced Individuals received core relief items.
- Community Stabilization; IOM supported the improvement of access to water for more than 47,000 inhabitants in both Sabha and Qatroun through the rehabilitation of 37 wells and drilling of two new water wells.
Empowering Libyans and migrants through community-based protection initiativesAmount Requested: USD 1,000,000 Amount Received: USD 392,773Objective:Fostering an environment for integrated child protection solutions while conversely building the knowledge of national authorities and international stakeholders. Empowering Libyans and migrants through community-based protection initiatives to increase their resiliency and promote positive coping strategies. Activities will include: i) focus group discussions (FGDs) held with IDPs and returnees in target locations to identify their needs; ii) community-based protection network formed and No. of capacity building sessions provided to the community-based protection network; iii) cultural and recreational activities facilitated by men, women, boys and girls from the IDPs, returnees and non-displaced communities; iv) vulnerable women and girls (including GBV survivors) supported with specialized protection services such as PSS, dignity kits and medical referrals; v) vulnerable persons identified and receiving individual assistance to reduce protection risks including material assistance; and vi) children and youth, including unaccompanied and separated children, participated in community and family support activities (cultural and recreational activities, etc.).Beneficiaries:4,200 IDPs, returnees, non-displaced communities, and unaccompanied and separated children
Multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance and protection to at-risk migrants in LibyaAmount Requested: USD 1,163,677 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide protection assistance to the most vulnerable persons affected by the conflict through direct support and referral to partner organizations and or existing mechanisms. Activities will include: i) provision of holistic assistance (medical, psychosocial, socio-economic reintegration, schooling, and accommodation) to victims of gender-based violence affected during the conflict; and iii) reinforcing and/or putting in place mental health and psychosocial support services for women and girls affected by the conflict.Beneficiaries:49,600 IDPs, returnees and host communities in Libya
Coordination and Common ServicesAmount Requested: USD 1,400,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Enhance the collection and provision of evidence-based information on migration and displacement inside Libya and the needs assessments. Activities include: i) mobility Tracking Reports; ii) Flow Monitoring Reports; iii) detention profiles; iv) coordination Meetings with the Bureau of Statistics; and v) identify vulnerable persons for receiving individual assistance to reduce protection risks including material assistance.Beneficiaries:1,000 IDPs, and vulnerable persons
Refugee and Migrant Response
Provision of multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance and protection to at-risk migrants in LibyaAmount Requested: USD 81,750,000 Amount Received: USD 25,306,695Objective:Provision of multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance and protection to at-risk migrants in Libya. Activities include: i) medical consultations given to migrants; ii) community outreach with promotive and preventive health campaigns; iii) provide direct assistance through NFI/core relief kits distributed to migrants; iv) Assist migrants with protection services, including case management and psychosocial support; v) train national stakeholders (staff of national and local authorities, NGOs, community leaders and embassy officials) in advocacy, awareness raising and other capacity building activities on rights and protection of migrants; vi) assist migrants with Voluntary Humanitarian Return (VHR); vii) provide specialized protection assistance to VHR beneficiaries; viii) improve migrant WASH facilities; and ix) hygiene promotion campaigns.Beneficiaries:233,172 migrants, national stakeholders (staff of national and local authorities, NGOs, community leaders and embassy officials)
Shelter and Non-food items
Shelter and Non-Food Items assistance to Displaced and Returning LibyansAmount Requested: USD 16,996,316 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide shelter and non-food items assistance to displaced and returning Libyans. Activities Include: i) distribution of emergency Non-Food Items (NFIs); ii) more sector-specific cash assistance; and iii) shelter and shelter upgrades assistance.Beneficiaries:140,730 IDPs and returning Libyans
Provide health care services in conflict affected communities in LibyaAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 120,000Objective:Support to restoration of basic functionality of essential services and livelihoods in conflict-affected communities in Libya. Activities will include: i) health facilities supported with equipment and supplies; ii) number of staff (e.g. doctors, nurses and paramedics) trained on basic health service packages and clinical best practices; iii) primary health care consultations provided to IDPs in health facilities or through mobile clinic at the camps; and iv) host community members reached with health promotion and prevention campaigns.Beneficiaries:12,000 IDPs and host communities in Libya