Migration ﬂows affecting Kenya can be broadly categorized as follows; Traditional internal and cross-border migration ﬂows linked to nomadism and pastoralism, including those induced by climate change and periodic droughts; Forced migration ﬂows due to man-made and natural disasters in Kenya and the neighbouring region, resulting in internal (IDPs) and cross-border displacement (refugees); Irregular migration ﬂows, including human traﬃcking and migrant smuggling, due to poverty and lack of livelihood options; Mixed migration ﬂows along key migration routes used by various groups of migrants including economic migrants, victims of traﬃcking, smuggled migrants, asylum seekers and others. As per the end of December 2018, Kenya hosts 471,724 refugees (UNHCR). This puts the country among the largest refugee hosts in Africa. In 2018, a trickling return of refugees to Somalia had been observed, while inﬂux of refugees from South Sudan continued. Drought is the most prevalent natural hazard in Kenya mostly affecting the Arid and Semi-arid Lands (ASALs). In addition, other Eastern, North Eastern, parts of Rift Valley and coast Provinces are prone to harsh weather conditions rendering the communities within this region vulnerable. Floods seasonally affect various parts of the country especially along the flood plains during the long rains season running from March to May. Such natural hazards result in increased food insecurity, malnutrition and increased localized resource-based conflicts.
Apart from the capital Nairobi, IOM has established operational presence in Kenya, including the coast (Mombasa, Kwale, Kiliﬁ and Lamu Counties), along the Somali border (Dadaab/Garissa County), at the Ethiopian border (Moyale/Marsabit County) and near the South Sudanese border (Kakuma/Turkana County). IOM is able to further expand its geographical coverage and operations in Kenya in line with evolving needs. In 2018, IOM together with partner agencies received UN-CERF funding to provide Emergency Assistance of Temporary Shelter and Non-Food Items to Flood Affected Internally Displaced Persons in Kenya. Kenya is identified as a ‘high-risk’ country for effects of El Nino from October 2018-April 2019 (according to the FAO 18/19 El Nino forecast), therefore IOM Kenya proposes to continue interventions regarding Shelter & Non-Food Items, and Health Support for displaced and other vulnerable populations in 2019. Community Stabilization & Reintegration: IOM seeks to continue and expand the Programme for Human Security and Stabilization which contributes to efforts to prevent violent extremism along the Kenyan coast and the Somali border by supporting returnees, youth-at-risk, local small business owners, local authorities and civil society actors though building their capacities for sustainable Reintegration and Community Stabilization and Transition activities, including Psychosocial Support. IOM is looking at programme expansion to additional north-eastern counties that have been identiﬁed as vulnerable to this phenomenon. Counter-traﬃcking and Protection of Vulnerable Migrants: Kenya is a source, transit and destination country for men, women and children subjected to forced labor and human traﬃcking. Within the country, children are subjected to forced labour through various forms such as domestic service, agriculture, ﬁshing, herding of cattle, street vending and begging. Girls and boys are also exploited through prostitution, especially along the Kenyan coast, which has been identiﬁed as a frequent ﬂash and transit point for traﬃckers. IOM will continue to build government capacities to counter human traﬃcking and provide direct assistance to victims of traﬃcking.
IOM enjoys excellent working relations with the Government of Kenya. In 1985, Kenya was the ﬁrst country in Africa to join IOM as a Member State. IOM is the only UN agency with a permanent seat in the Kenya National Coordination Mechanism on Migration (NCM). NCM is tasked with facilitating interagency coordination, collaboration and information-sharing on migration issues at the national level among relevant government ministries, departments and non-state actors. IOM also participates in the UN Country Team, UNDAF, UNDG & other UN coordination mechanisms at national and regional levels.
IOM has employed a comprehensive and complementary approach to addressing migration challenges in Kenya. The projects below are part of IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 12,700 individuals.
Contact Information: Ferdinand Paredes, Head of Preparedness, Transition and Reintegration Unit: firstname.lastname@example.org, +254 715 446 048
IOM Offices: Main Country Office: Nairobi Field-Offices: Kakuma, Mombasa, Kwale, Kilifi, Lamu and Moyale
International Staff: 26
National Staff: 241
Shelter and Non-food items
Emergency Assistance, including Temporary Shelter and Non-Food Items, to flood-affected Internally Displaced Persons in KenyaAmount Requested: USD 1,173,574 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide life-saving NFI and health assistance (training of healthcare workers, community education) in areas affected by natural hazards (floods, possibly drought). The primary objective of the Shelter and NFI sector is to improve the living conditions of internally displaced persons, through the provision of essential life-saving commodities in selected target counties (Tana River, Mandera, Kilifi, Baringo, Isiolo, Wajir, Taita Taveta, Kajiado, Kitui and Makueni). *Health Assistance includes IOM Participatory Mobility Mapping to identify and access priority locations vulnerable to the spread of communicable diseases. Training of Community Health workers and communities on prevention of cholera in their communities, engage community members to adopt health-seeking attitudes and behaviours and strengthen community engagements in response to cholera in relation to movement and travel of individuals.Beneficiaries:93,300 IDPs
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition Cross-Border EthiopiaAmount Requested: USD 7,024,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:IOM seeks to continue and expand the Programme for Human Security and Stabilization which contributes to efforts to prevent violent extremism along the Kenyan coast and the Somali border by supporting returnees, youth-at-risk, local small business owners, local authorities and civil society actors through building their capacities for sustainable Reintegration and Community Stabilization and Transition activities, including Psychosocial Support. IOM is looking at programme expansion to additional north-eastern counties that have been identiﬁed as vulnerable to this phenomenon.Beneficiaries:returnees, youth-at-risk, local small business owners, local authorities and civil society actors