The crisis in Iraq caused by the emergency of ISIS is coming to an end. With most of the ISIS held territories retaken and with stabilization efforts ongoing, more than 2.6 million IDPs have already returned to their locations of origin, often largely destroyed, and another 1.7 million currently displaced people will return, according to the HRP 2018 estimations.
IOM Iraq Mission operates in 18 governorates of the country and implements multiple projects under almost all of IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework sectors (which include for example health support, migration policy and legislation support and humanitarian communications). While continuing to address the immediate needs of IDPs still displaced, particularly in the sectors of Camp Coordination and Camp Management and Non-Food items (NFIs), IOM will largely shift its attention to supporting the attainment of solutions for displaced persons through stabilization programming in return areas using a multi-sectorial approach. In line with IOM Iraq’s Strategy to Support Reintegration and Durable Solutions of Displaced Persons IOM will focus on community stabilization and reintegration support, which includes virtually all sectors, for example: rehabilitation of infrastructure, provision of health services, livelihoods interventions, housing, land and property consultations, psychosocial support, social cohesion activities, and other cross-cutting issues such as gender and protection mainstreaming, while at the same time ensuring accountability to affected populations through humanitarian communications.
IOM Iraq is extremely well placed to undertake this multi-sectorial large-scale intervention in predominantly return areas (Ninewa, Anbar, Salah-al-Din, Diyala, Kirkuk). Since the beginning of its operational presence in Iraq at the offset of the crisis, IOM chose as its implementation strategy to utilize a hands-on approach and implement through boosting its organizational field capacity. This has resulted in IOM Iraq being the only UN agency with a 1,500+ strong network of staff on the ground and being thus the most operational. This implementation modality has allowed for extensive data collection capacity (DTM) informing evidence-based programming; it has allowed to develop staff capacity and expertise in the country, as well as to strengthen the partnership with the government at every level. Its field presence also allowed IOM to build and maintain a strong relation with the communities and actively involve them in the assessment and implementation, ultimately addressing the needs of the people we serve timely and with quality. This strategy has given IOM comparative advantage to other actors who are more dependent on third parties for implementation. IOM Iraq has been recommended by the Humanitarian Coordinator and Deputy SRSG to the Government of Iraq as the UN agency to play a leading role in supporting the Government of Iraq to establish its supporting infrastructure and mechanisms in return areas. IOM works in coordination with UN and NGO partners through the Cluster system, which coordinates humanitarian action, through the emerging recovery architecture of the Iraq Recovery and Resilience Programme and in coordination with Government institutions.
Note: the projects below are part of the IOM Appeal Iraq 2018, which is in line with the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan Iraq 2018 and the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan in Response to the Syria Crisis, 2018-2019. Furthermore, IOM has included additional interventions that are in line with IOM’s Migration Crisis Operational Framework and country strategy to address migration issues and initiate development-principled programming to establish the foundations for longer-term recovery to complement its humanitarian programmes.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 400,000 IDPs, returnees, and affected communities
Contact Information: Mr. Gerard Waite, Chief of Mission, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.iomiraq.net , https://www.facebook.com/IOMIraq , https://twitter.com/IOMIraq , https://www.youtube.com/user/IOMIraq , https://www.instagram.com/iomiraq/
IOM Offices: Country Office: Baghdad; Sub-Offices: Basra, Erbil. Presence in 27 Satellite Offices in Iraq
International Staff: 71
National Staff: 1,177
- 50,000 families received NFIs, ensuring protection from climatic conditions.
- As part of winterization efforts, IOM distributed fuel to more than 38,000 families, providing warmth to more than 228,000 IDPs.
- 35,769 families received shelter assistance including tents, sealing-off kits, shelter kits, critical shelter or camp upgrades.
- 23 camps and 186 informal and emergency displacement sites covered by Camp Coordination and Camp Management activities, benefiting more than 25,000 individuals.
- IOM provided 607,869 health consultations to assist IDPs and host community members with immediate health needs.
- IOM upgraded a field hospital in Hamam Al-Alil, near Mosul, in response to a direct request of the Department of Health (DoH) in Ninewa. Nearly 10,000 beneficiaries received outpatient services, minor surgeries, and orthopedic/vascular consultations; 664 beneficiaries received major surgery.
- In partnership with the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) IOM conducted TB screening to over 8,821 IDPs and members of host communities in four governorates.
- Over 116,000 psychosocial services provided based on the need for psychosocial support in Iraq continues, as many have experienced extreme events and witnessed various forms of violence.
- 9,000 individuals benefitted from social cohesion activities, including social improvement initiatives, sustained community activities, peacebuilding, capacity building, large group events and structured discussions.
- IOM assisted in the transportation of 10,929 individuals, such as transportation services for refugee students from home to schools or universities and vice versa enabling displaced populations to access to education, as well as inter-camp transportation and transportation of IDP families from screening sites to camps.
- IOM assisted 3,500 beneficiaries (both IDPs and refugees) to empower local communities to take an active role in attaining self-sufficiency with a focus on livelihood assistance, including livelihood training, business support, and business enhancement packages.
- IOM improved the living conditions of more than 200,000 beneficiaries through the rehabilitation or construction of light infrastructure.
- 10 Community Policing Forums (CPFs) established, and Over 1,000 Police Officers, 450 community members and 90 members of Civil Society Organizations (CSO) trained or workshops on community policing.
- 90 border officials and other security actors working in Iraq’s International and Regional airports trained on international best practices in border management.
- IOM established 6 Housing and Land Properties (HLP) assistance centres in return areas.
- 5,400 Iraqis received assistance to return home and reintegrate from abroad.
- 4,800 Iraqis and Syrians received movement assistance to resettle in other countries.
- 29,500 Iraqis and Syrians (10,000 families) provided with support for family reunification in Germany.
- 18 vulnerable migrants and 17 victims of human trafficking received protection assistance
- 2,150 beneficiaries supported through internal and external referrals to address protection concerns.
- 1,500,000 Communication with Communities (CwC) print material (leaflets, posters and brochures) disseminated.
- 12 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) reports published.
Provision of emergency health care and essential health services to IDPs, Returnees and host communities, and strengthening national health care systems in KRI and the rest of IraqAmount Requested: USD 1,800,000 Amount Received: USD 1,027,730Objective:Providing access to quality comprehensive healthcare services to populations in need, with a focus on people living in displacement.Beneficiaries:147,093 individuals
Provision of community based psychosocial support in affected communities in IraqAmount Requested: USD 700,000 Amount Received: USD 810,454Objective:Contribute to sustainable IDP return by providing community based support that address the social cohesion and psychosocial needs of conflict-affected communities.Beneficiaries:6,050 individuals (3,025 female and 3,025 male), including 4,000 returnees and 2,050 host community members
Shelter and Non-food items
Provision of timely seasonal shelter and non-food items for vulnerable IDPs and ReturneesAmount Requested: USD 14,207,374 Amount Received: USD 7,607,441Objective:Protect highly vulnerable families from climatic conditions through timely seasonal shelter and NFI assistance in accordance to the Cluster's technical guidelines.Beneficiaries:349,200 individuals (217,202 female and 131,998 male), including 295,200 IDPs, 30,000 returnees and 24,000 newly displaced or facing secondary displacement
Coordination and Common Services
Implementation of Displacement Tracking Matrix across IraqAmount Requested: USD 3,000,000 Amount Received: USD 3,000,000Objective:Provide access to up to date, reliable and comprehensive information about IDP and returnee populations in Iraq, as well as their needs and vulnerabilities, through implementation of the DTM Tool and timely dissemination of results to government authorities, UNHCT partners, NGOs, think tanks, media, academics and other stakeholders.Beneficiaries:3,400,000 individuals (indirect)
Camp Coordination and Camp Management
Provision of direct camp management and CCCM support in formal and informal settlements and assist the return process through the basic return packages and the community return and centersAmount Requested: USD 6,774,966 Amount Received: USD 7,462,812Objective:Promote safe, dignified and livable conditions for affected families in formal and informal settlements and displacement affected communities.Beneficiaries:266,000 IDPs, returnees and host communities (146,300 female and 119,700 male)
Provision of securing emergency livelihoods for IDPs and Returnees in retaken areasAmount Requested: USD 300,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Contribution to protection needs and livelihoods by supporting short-term employment creation through provision of asset replacement for damaged businesses, creation of on the job training and Cash for Work opportunities, and provision financial grants for female-headed households to start their business.Beneficiaries:200 direct beneficiaries (100 female and 100 male), including IDPs, returnees, and host/home community members, focusing on female- and elderly- heads of households
Shelter and Non-food items
Fuel vouchers and non-food items distributionsAmount Requested: USD 1,240,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Syrian Refugees have access to sufficient fuel and basic NFIs to cover their winterization needs.Beneficiaries:4,000 vulnerable households
Transport Assistance for Affected Populations
Facilitating student transport to schoolsAmount Requested: USD 121,200 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Increase access to education for crisis-affected students who have no other way of reaching schools.Beneficiaries:270 students
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Expanding Livelihoods and Resilience of Syrian Refugees and Host CommunitiesAmount Requested: USD 2,388,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Improve economic opportunities for affected populations of Syrian Refugees and host community members and improve their employability with marketable skills.Beneficiaries:1,020 refugees and host community members
Shelter and Non-food items
IOM shelter and NFIs programmingAmount Requested: USD 10,000,000 Amount Received: USD 661,090Objective:Improve the standard of living without discrimination through the rehabilitation of damaged houses, providing rental assistance/cash for repairs, developing core shelter solutions and distributing seasonal NFI or cash amount for NFIs.Beneficiaries:IDPs, returnees, and host communities living in selected areas
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Economic sustainability and stabilization through developing micro and small enterprises (MSEs) and provision of livelihoods in communities affected by large numbers of returns and IDPsAmount Requested: USD 8,100,000 Amount Received: USD 2,826,815Objective:Provide temporary and sustainable livelihood solutions for Returnees and IDPs in affected areas.Beneficiaries:3,000 IDPs, returnees, and host communities living in selected areas
Community infrastructure rehabilitation in conflict affected areasAmount Requested: USD 3,050,000 Amount Received: USD 481,151Objective:Improved access to basic infrastructure to support safe and dignified returns.Beneficiaries:IDPs, returnees, and host communities living in selected areas
Addressing the reconciliation and peacebuilding needs of IDPs, returned IDPs and host communitiesAmount Requested: USD 1,600,000 Amount Received: USD 807,602Objective:To address the reconciliation and peacebuilding needs of IDPs, returned IDPs and host communities through supporting Government to establish sound policies and outputs related to reconciliation and peacebuilding; and mobilizing strengthening community support for coexistence and reconciliation.Beneficiaries:100 government officials; 100 beneficiaries from civil society and 1,000 individuals from communities
Support durable solutions for IDPs by contributing to resilient and socially cohesive communities in areas of IDP returnAmount Requested: USD 2,400,000 Amount Received: USD 2,547,594Objective:Support durable solutions for IDPs by contributing to resilient and socially cohesive communities in areas of IDP return through mitigating social tension and strengthen social cohesion, building resilient and cohesive communities by improving access to socio-economic infrastructure and essential services and preventing future conflict by building the capacity of civil society and community members to diffuse tensions and manage conflict.Beneficiaries:12,800 individuals across four governorates
Economic sustainability and stabilization through developing micro and small enterprises (MSEs) and provision of livelihoods in at risk communitiesAmount Requested: USD 7,666,667 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Provide temporary and sustainable livelihood solutions for Returnees, IDPs and stayees.Beneficiaries:IDPs, returnees, and communities living in selected areas
Community infrastructure rehabilitation in communities at riskAmount Requested: USD 1,766,667 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:Improved access to basic infrastructure and support to safe and dignified returns.Beneficiaries:IDPs, returnees, and communities in conflicted affected areas
Land and Property Support
Community policing as a tool to address Housing, Land, and Property (HLP) issues in return areasAmount Requested: USD 1,066,667 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To provide community policing and HLP support for IDPs, Returnees, and affected populations, towards achieving durable solutions.Beneficiaries:Law enforcement officials; civil society; community members (IDPs and returnees); Ministry of Interior; and Government Authorities (local and national)
Strengthening community policing in returns areasAmount Requested: USD 1,066,667 Amount Received: USD 4,714,696Objective:Contribute to strengthening peace and security in return areas in Iraq through support to Community Policing.Beneficiaries:Law enforcement officials; civil society; community members (IDPs and returnees); Ministry of Interior; and Government authorities (local and national)
Increasing accessibility of primary and secondary health care services in conflicted affected areasAmount Requested: USD 1,666,667 Amount Received: USD 650,545Objective:Contribute to increasing accessibility of primary and secondary health care services in conflicted affected areas through facilitating access to primary health care services, improving the Ministry of Health (MoH)'s capacity in provision of health services and supporting secondary health care services by providing specialized consultations and facilitating the referral system.Beneficiaries:30,000 individuals benefit from improved and increased access to essential health ; 5,000 medical facilities; 666 medical staff and 3,333 individuals benefit from specialized consultations and the referral system
Reconstructing communitiesAmount Requested: USD 2,500,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute to ongoing stabilization efforts in the most vulnerable communities in Iraq through increasing social cohesion by enhancing capacity of the community to manage conflict and capacity of the community to manage conflict, in addition to strengthening the capacity of civil society to undertake gross-root actions and the role of women in peace and security.Beneficiaries:IDPs, returnees, and communities in three locations (Tel Afar, Sinuni and Sinjar in Ninewa)