Indonesia is one of the world’s most disaster-prone countries, known satirically to Indonesians as “a supermarket of disasters”. From 2004-2006, a series of major disasters (Indian Ocean Tsunami, Nias earthquake, Yogyakarta earthquake) drove home the need for increased and permanent disaster management capacity. In response, in 2007 the Government of Indonesia (GoI) passed a new disaster management law, ordaining the creation of a National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) and equivalent provincial/district agencies (BPBDs).
Since 2000, in support of the Government of Indonesia, IOM has been delivering basic humanitarian services to refugees and asylum seekers in the country. Since the inception of this assistance programme, IOM has been providing these vulnerable migrants with food assistance, urban shelter, basic health and emergency medical services, assisted voluntary return and reintegration, and resettlement support. In 2010 IOM commenced an eight-year (8) long DRR support program with assistance from AusAID and USAID to support the GoI in building the capacity of BNPB/BPBD. The IOM program has included four components:
- Building the capacity of BPBDs.
- Improving coordination between BPBDs and other Disaster Management (DM) actors.
- Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM).
- As co-lead of the global CCCM Cluster, IOM has committed to assisting the GoI in strengthening and improving national Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) capacity.
In 2015, IOM led the Andaman Sea Crisis response in Indonesia and the Benjina counter-traﬃcking emergency operation. IOM is co-leading the Protection and Displacement Cluster (with UNHCR) and leads the Displacement and Camp Management Sub-Cluster. IOM works in coordination with the Indonesian Police, Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Coast Guard, and the Coordinating Ministry for Politics, Law and Security, UN agencies (including UNHCR, UNICEF, OCHA, etc.), and international and national NGOs.
As of December 2017, IOM provided humanitarian support to over 8,500 refugees and asylum seekers in 13 different locations across the country. Indonesia is not party to the 1951 Refugee Convention and refugee status determinations are conducted by UNHCR. With resettlement quotas dwindling and the host Government unable to provide protection, this population is locked in a state of protracted transit (including in detention) with far-reaching risks related to their health, protection and general well-being.
In 2018, IOM plans to continue providing basic humanitarian services to migrants, despite an expected reduction in funding. However, there is an increasing demand to address emerging needs in host community stabilization, mental health and psychosocial support (especially in detention), and community-based protection. One of IOM’s key priorities will be towards continued and sustained advocacy in opening of additional community-based housing and alternatives to detention, sustainable pathways and durable solutions for the displaced, including for formal education of migrant children while in Indonesia. Support is needed to ﬁll these anticipated humanitarian gaps and boost policy efforts, for which no funding mechanism currently exists. In 2018 IOM Indonesia will continue with its ongoing commitment to assist the Government of Indonesia (GoI) in improving national capacity for the management and care of displaced people living in camps and camp-like settings in Indonesia, primarily as a result of natural disasters.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 8,500 individuals
Contact Information: indonesia.iom.int, Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/iom.jakarta/, Twitter: @iom_indonesia
IOM Offices: Country Office: Jakarta, Sub-Offices: Tanjung Pinang, Makassar, Medan, Tangerang, Denpasar, Balikpapan, Batam, Kupang, Manado, Pekanbaru, Pontianak, Semarang, Surabaya
International Staff: 15
National Staff: 300
- 8,611 migrants were provided with shelter and non-food items, water, sanitation, and hygiene activities.
- IOM facilitated the release of more than 500 refugees from detention centres into community accommodations.
Activities to Support Community Stabilization and Transition
Supporting Stabilization Efforts in Vulnerable CommunitiesAmount Requested: USD 400,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute towards durable solutions through targeted social cohesion efforts between refugees and host communities in Indonesia. This project will target interventions at the local level and engage local governments, civil society organizations, and the private sector.Beneficiaries:2,000 migrants and local community members
Migration Policy and Legislation Support
Strengthening the Government of Indonesia's Capacity on Migration ManagementAmount Requested: USD 200,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To improve the inter-institutional mechanisms and systems for collection, sharing and analysing of data relevant to migration management within and between relevant GOI actors.Beneficiaries:Government of Indonesia
Protection of Migrants in Indonesia: Education, Vocational Training, and Psychosocial SupportAmount Requested: USD 700,000 Amount Received: USD 0Objective:To contribute to the Government of Indonesia's efforts to fulfill the human rights of migrants in Indonesia by supporting migrants' psychosocial needs while in transit. This objective will be achieved by conducting educational activities such as language and literacy classes, art classes, vocational training, and joint activities between migrants and the host communities, among others.Beneficiaries:12,000 migrants and local community members