The Caribbean nation of Haiti is exposed to extreme weather conditions and frequent natural hazards, due to its position over major tectonic faults, as well as being situated within the "Hurricane Alley". The country also continues to experience overpopulation, widespread poverty, severe economic inequalities, political insecurity, risk of epidemics (cholera), and has a dysfunctional health system, a lack of basic water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure. The population experiences chronic food insecurity, and high levels of environmental degradation. A generalized lack of state resources and weak governance has resulted in insuﬃcient capacity at the institutional level to protect and assist the population before, during and after natural hazards. While disaster prevention capacity has improved in recent years, there is still a gap in addressing long-term climate change adaptation needs. All of these factors combined render the country particularly vulnerable to the shocks and disasters.
In 2019, IOM Haiti’s Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) and Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities aim to end long term displacement through the provision of durable solutions to the remaining IDP households from the 2010 earthquake (support to return, relocation or local integration), while ensuring their access to basic services and protection in the metropolitan area and the region of des Palmes. As per the May 2018 DTM report, approximately 9,950 households (39,721 individuals) remain displaced across the country in 65 evacuation centres and camp-like settlements. In 2018, numerous earthquakes and aftershocks caused widespread destruction. In October, 46 institutional buildings were damaged, an estimated 353 homes were destroyed, and 7,430 homes were damaged in the North-West and Artibonite. Since June 2015, Haiti has faced a major protection crisis with the inﬂux of 229,885 returnees of Haitian descent (IOM Haiti Border Monitoring Sitrep, 28 October 2017), due to the bi-national crisis which started in 2013 when the Government of the Dominican Republic passed a Decree concerning the National Plan to Regularize Foreigners.
In response to the bi-national crisis, IOM Haiti’s Protection Unit will continue to ensure the protection of highly vulnerable Haitian returnees by providing humanitarian partners with accurate and timely information, strengthening the protection referral mechanism for vulnerable migrants at the four oﬃcial Border Crossing Points, and ensuring the safe and timely referral of vulnerable cases. IOM and partners will continue to ensure that irregular and vulnerable returning migrants receive life-saving, emergency protection assistance upon arrival in Haiti. In 2019, the Mission will continue capacity-building activities and non-food items (NFIs) distribution in close collaboration with the authorities, provide access to durable housing solutions for the remaining displaced families from natural disasters, and support the rapid NFI response anywhere in the country and for a maximum of 13,000 family beneﬁciaries during the 2019 Hurricane Season. IOM is the lead of the Shelter/NFI Working Group which is promoting the Building Back Safer principles, as well as monitoring and coordinating all repair and reconstruction activities in the departments affected by natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and hurricanes.
Note: The proposed activities are designed in line with the Haiti Humanitarian Response Plan 2019 and build upon IOM’s ongoing activities in areas at risk of natural disasters. As such, IOM will work closely with the government and local partners.
Overall Targeted Beneficiaries: 934,071 individuals.
Contact Information: Giuseppe Loprete; Chief of Mission: email@example.com; +509-3792-7169; www.facebook.com/IOMHaiti; www.instagram.com/IOMHaiti; www.twitter.com/IOMHaiti; www.haiti.iom.int
IOM Offices: Main Office: Port-au-Prince Field-Offices: Ouanaminthe, Jeremie
International Staff: 17
National Staff: 143
Shelter and Non-food items
Improve the living conditions of households affected by earthquakes and hurricane Matthew while increasing pre-positioned NFI stocks for emergency preparednessAmount Requested: USD 10,448,000 Amount Received: USD 1,479,940Objective:IOM and partners aim to ensure the safety, security, and dignity of those most vulnerable to natural disasters, through the provision of durable shelter solutions at their place of origin and the BBS approach. The projects will ensure adequate emergency preparedness and response capacity of government authorities and communities through the availability of rapid NFI response, and to reinforce the capacity of people managing collective shelters. Families affected by the 6 October 2018 earthquake and hurricane Matthew who have not yet received assistance will be targeted with adapted responses.Beneficiaries:713,878 individuals